Latest Sugars-Related Research (2023)

CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is available for download

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May/June 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in May and June 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Methodology Laboratory analysis of glucose, fructose, and sucrose contents in Japanese common beverages for the exact assessment of beverage-derived sugar intake Ando Y, et al. Fujita Med J. 2023 May;9(2):126-133.  Composition Analysis
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Increased consumption despite fewer occasions: A longitudinal analysis of COVID-19 lockdown effects on soft drink consumption in England Claassen MA et al. Appetite. 2023 Aug 1;187:106579.  Prospective Cohort
Burden of disease and economic burden attributable to the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in El Salvador Rodríguez Cairoli F. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2023 May 16;47:e80.  Modelling Study
Dietary Intakes - Food Intake Preventing the Early Introduction of Juice and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in Infants' Diets: A Randomized Controlled Trial Golova N. et al. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2023 May;62(4):276-287.  RCT
Early Sweet Tooth: Juice Introduction During Early Infancy is Related to Toddler Juice Intake Kay MC et al. Acad Pediatr. 2023 May 5:S1876-2859(23)00147-X.  Retrospective Cohort
Obesity Effects of ketogenic diet on health outcomes: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials Patikorn C et al. BMC Med. 2023 May.  Umbrella Review
Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Incidence of Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Adults: A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies Mambrini SP et al.Nutrients. 2023 May 31;15(11):2583. Systematic Review
The effect of dietary carbohydrate and calorie restriction on weight and metabolic health in overweight/obese individuals: a multi-center randomized controlled trial Sun J et al. BMC Med. 2023 May 24;21(1):192.  RCT
Switching from Sugar- to Artificially-Sweetened Beverages: A 12-Week Trial Kendig MD et al. Nutrients. 2023 May 4;15(9):2191.  RCT
Circulating levels of all proglucagon-derived peptides are differentially regulated postprandially by obesity status and in response to high-fat meals vs. high-carbohydrate meals Stefanakis K et al. Clin Nutr. 2023 Jun 28;42(8):1369-1378.  RCT
The Effect of a Low-Carbohydrate High-Fat Diet on Laboratory Parameters in Women with Lipedema in Comparison to Overweight/Obese Women       Jeziorek M et al.Nutrients. 2023 Jun 2;15(11):2619.  RCT
The Effects of a Very-Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet on the Intestinal Barrier Integrity and Function in Patients with Obesity: A Pilot Study Linsalata M et al. Nutrients. 2023 May 30;15(11):2561.  Uncontrolled Intervention
Different carbohydrate exposures and weight gain-results from a pooled analysis of three population-based studies Tammi R et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2023 May 6.  Prospective Cohort
Effects of Nonnutritive Sweeteners on Body Composition Changes during Pubertal Growth Chien YH et al. Nutrients. 2023 May 15;15(10):2319.  Prospective Cohort
Household, dietary, and clinical characteristics of childhood caries and overweight progression-A prospective cohort study Tavares M et al. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2023 Jun 13.  Prospective Cohort
Association of Macronutrients Intake with Body Composition and Sarcopenic Obesity in Children and Adolescents: A Population-Based Analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2018 Yang B et al. Nutrients. 2023 May 15;15(10):2307.  Retrospective Cohort
Do family characteristics contribute to a socioeconomic gradient in overweight in early childhood? - Single mediation analyses of data from German preschool children Hoffmann S et al. Prev Med Rep. 2023 Mar 17;33:102178.  Cross-Sectional 
Developing Effective Strategies for Obesity Prevention Hua SV, Collis CE, Block JP. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2023 Jun;52(2):469-482.  Narrative Review
The Impact of a Very-Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet in the Gut Microbiota Composition in Obesity Zambrano AK et al. Nutrients. 2023 Jun 13;15(12):2728.  Narrative Review
Effects of dietary sugar restriction on hepatic fat in youth with obesity Distefano JK, Gerhard GS. Minerva Pediatr (Torino). 2023 Jun 7.  Narrative Review
Obesity impairs brain responses to nutrients Baugh ME, DiFeliceantonio AG. Nat Metab. 2023 Jun;5(6):920-921.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Fruit, vegetable, and fruit juice consumption and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis : List of all authors Liao YP et al. Nutr J. 2023 May 20;22(1):27.  SRMA
Is Evening Carbohydrate Intake in Healthy Individuals Associated with Higher Postprandial Glycemia and Insulinemia When Compared to Morning Intake? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Crossover Studies de Almeida RS et al. J Am Nutr Assoc. 2023 May-Jun;42(4). SRMA
Efficacy and safety of carbohydrate restriction in patients with type 1 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis Stamati A et al. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2023 May 18.  SRMA
Impact of a Low-Carbohydrate Compared with Low-Fat Breakfast on Blood Glucose Control in Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Trial Oliveira BF et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Jul;118(1):209-217.  RCT
A Pilot Study on the Efficacy of a Diabetic Diet Containing the Rare Sugar D-Allulose in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Prospective, Randomized, Single-Blind, Crossover Study Fukunaga K et al. Nutrients. 2023 Jun 19;15(12):2802.  RCT
Saliva insulin tracks plasma insulin across the day  following high-carbohydrate and low-carbohydrate meals           Rafiei H  et al. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2023 Jun 1.   RCT

Assessment of maternal knowledge of infant movement and nutrition guidelines in Canada: The PREVENT survey study (Physical activity, Rest, Exercise and nutrition Values for Education of New moms with Type 2 diabetes/gestational diabetes)

Milenkovic J et al. Prev Med Rep. 2023 Jun 8;35:102268.  Cross-Sectional 
Underlying pathways of social inequality in tooth loss: the mediating role of sugary beverages and diabetes Hach M et al. Scand J Public Health. 2023 May 15:14034948231173744. Cross-Sectional 
Total added sugar consumption is not significantly associated with risk for prediabetes among U.S. adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2018 Sneed NM. PLoS One. 2023 Jun 20;18(6):e0286759.  Cross-Sectional 
Carbohydrates for glycemic control: functional and microbiome aspects Hoffmann Sarda FA, Giuntini EB. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2023 Jul 1.  Narrative Review
Inter-relationships between gastric emptying and glycaemia: Implications for clinical practice Arunachala Murthy T et al. World J Diabetes. 2023 May 15;14(5):447-459.  Narrative Review
The Impact of Proportional Dietary Carbohydrate and Fat Content on Type 2 Diabetes and NAFLD Mullish BH. Gastroenterology. 2023 Jun;164(7):1338.  Commentary
Cardiovsacular Disease  Sugar intake and risk of hypertension: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort and cross-sectional studies Zhao Y et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2023 May 23:1-12. SRMA
Interaction between APOE, APOA1, and LPL Gene Polymorphisms and Variability in Changes in Lipid and Blood Pressure following Orange Juice Intake: A Pilot Study Fraga LN et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2023 Jul;67(13):e2200847.  Uncontrolled Intervention 
Sweetened beverages and incident heart failure Zhang Z et al. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2023 May 13:zwad167.  Prospective Cohort
The association between low carbohydrate diet and odds of metabolic syndrome in adults: A cross-sectional study Askarpour M et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2023 Jun;55:238-243.  Cross-Sectional 
A Sour Note: Sweetened Beverages Linked to Incident Heart Failure Isiozor NM, Kunutsor SK, Laukkanen JA. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2023 Jun 5:zwad190.  Editorial 
Cancer Association of soft drinks and 100% fruit juice consumption with risk of cancer: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies Pan B et al. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2023 May.  SRMA
Associations between food groups and liver cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies Liu K et al. Nutr J. 2023 Jun 22;22(1):30.  SRMA
The association of macronutrient quality and its interactions with energy intake with survival among patients with ovarian cancer: results from a prospective cohort study Zheng G et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Jun;117(6):1362-1371.  Prospective Cohort
The Causal Effect of Dietary Composition on the Risk of Breast Cancer: A Mendelian Randomization Study Dong H et al. Nutrients. 2023 May 31;15(11):2586.  Prospective Cohort
Consumption of aspartame and other artificial sweeteners and risk of cancer in the Spanish multicase-control study (MCC-Spain) Palomar-Cros A et al. Int J Cancer. 2023 Sep 1;153(5):979-993.  Cross-Sectional 
Potential role of fructose on human colon DNA methylation in racial disparities observed for colorectal cancer risk Devall MA et al. medRxiv. 2023 Jun 4:2023.05.31.23290777.  Cross-Sectional 
Ketogenic diet in cancer management Talib WH et al. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2023 Jul 1;26(4):369-376.  Narrative Review
Dental Health Early Childhood Predictors for Dental Caries: A Machine Learning Approach Toledo Reyes L et al. J Dent Res. 2023 May 29:220345231170535.  Prospective Cohort
Trajectories of child free sugars intake and dental caries - a population-based birth cohort study Ha DH et al. J Dent. 2023 Jul;134:104559.  Prospective Cohort
Dental Condition, Diet, and Glycaemic Control: Analysis of NHANES 2011-2014 Lee GCH, Chong MF, Gao X. Int Dent J. 2023 May 1:S0020-6539(23)00069-2.  Cross-Sectional 
Self-reported oral health habits, knowledge and conditions of schoolchildren and adolescents in mainland China Yang R et al. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2023 May;47(3):96-102.  Cross-Sectional 
Emotional symptoms, dietary patterns and dental caries: A cross-sectional study in adolescents Guo P et al. Oral Dis. 2023 Jun 6.  Cross-Sectional 
Other Health Topics Meta-analysis of the association between major foods with added fructose and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Liu W et al. Food Funct. 2023 Jun 19;14(12):5551-5561.  SRMA
Exposure to a more unhealthy diet impacts sleep microstructure during normal sleep and recovery sleep: A randomized trial Brandão LEM et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2023 Jul;31(7):1755-1766.  RCT
Shift work domains and their interactions with empty calorie food/beverage consumption: A 14-day intensive longitudinal study Lin TT et al. Int J Nurs Stud. 2023 May;141:104490.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among pregnant women attending general and teaching hospitals in Ibadan, Nigeria : SSB consumption during pregnancy Adeoye I. BMC Public Health. 2023 May 26;23(1):980. Prospective Cohort
Different Levels of Ultraprocessed Food and Beverage Consumption and Associations with Environmental Sustainability and All-cause Mortality in EPIC-NL Vellinga RE et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Jul;118(1):103-113.  Prospective Cohort
Low-carbohydrate diets, low-fat diets, and mortality in middle-aged and older people: A prospective cohort study Zhao Y et al. J Intern Med. 2023 May 3.  Prospective Cohort
Dietary Carbohydrate and Fat Intakes and Risk of Mortality in the Japanese Population: the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study Tamura T et al.; Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. J Nutr. 2023 Jun 2:S0022-3166(23)72198-6.  Prospective Cohort
Association between beverage consumption and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: a prospective study from the French E3N Cohort Ascione S et al. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2023 May 2;62(5):1814-1823.  Prospective Cohort
Intake of sugary beverages with chronic conditions and multimorbidity: a prospective cohort study of UK Biobank Zhang Y et al. Int J Epidemiol. 2023 May 13:dyad057.  Prospective Cohort
Eating habits matter for sleep difficulties in children and adolescents: A cross-sectional study Zhao Y et al. Front Pediatr. 2023 Jun 12;11:1108031.  Cross-Sectional
Soft drinks, tea and coffee consumption in relation to risk of fracture: evidence from china health and nutrition survey Li Y et al. J Bone Miner Metab. 2023 Jun 1.  Cross-Sectional
Diet Quality High consumption of ultra-processed foods is associated with increased risk of micronutrient inadequacy in children: The SENDO project García-Blanco L et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2023 May 19.  Cross-Sectional
The association between the food environment and adherence to healthy diet quality: the Maastricht Study Chan JA et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Jun 21:1-9. Cross-Sectional
Development of a measure of dietary quality for the UK Biobank Montague C et al.J Public Health (Oxf). 2023 Jun 29:fdad103.  Cross-Sectional
Poor Quality Diets Characterized by Low-Nutrient Density Foods Observed in One-Quarter of 2-Year-Olds in a High Resource Setting Hennessy Á et al. J Nutr. 2023 Jun 24:S0022-3166(23)72436-X.  Cross-Sectional
New metrics of dietary carbohydrate quality Tan D, Drewnowski A, Lê KA. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2023 Jul. Narrative Review
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Effects of weight change on taste function; a systematic review Fathi M, Javid AZ, Mansoori A.Nutr J. 2023 May 8;22(1):22.  Systematic Review
Health4Life eHealth intervention to modify multiple lifestyle risk behaviours among adolescent students in Australia: a cluster-randomised controlled trial Champion KE et al.; Health4Life Team.Lancet Digit Health. 2023 May.  RCT
The metabolic interplay between dietary carbohydrate and exercise and its role in acute appetite regulation in males: a randomized controlled study Frampton J et al. J Physiol. 2023 Jun 3.  RCT
Tripeptide gut hormone infusion does not alter food preferences or sweet taste function in volunteers with obesity and prediabetes/diabetes but promotes restraint eating: A secondary analysis of a randomized single-blind placebo-controlled study Behary P et al. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2023 Jun;25(6):1731-1739.  RCT
Impact of acute consumption of beverages containing plant-based or alternative sweetener blends on postprandial appetite, food intake, metabolism, and gastro-intestinal symptoms: Results of the SWEET beverages trial         Almiron-Roig E et al. Appetite. 2023 May 1;184:106515.  RCT
Association of inflammation biomarkers with food cravings and appetite changes across the menstrual cycle Agarwal K et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2023 Aug;56:193-199.  Prospective Cohort
Genetic Preference for Sweet Taste in Mothers Associates with Mother-Child Preference and Intake Lif Holgerson P et al. Nutrients. 2023 May 30;15(11):2565.  Prospective Cohort
Characteristics Associated with Being a High Consumer of Sweet Foods and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages among US Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2021 Park S, Lee SH, Blanck HM.Nutrients. 2023 May 18;15(10):2363. Cross-Sectional
How Gender-Targeted Body Image Concerns Influence People's Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Consumption Kong S. Health Commun. 2023 May 15:1-17.  Cross-Sectional
Reducing Unhealthy Normative Behavior: The Case of Sports and Energy Drinks Hennessy M et al. Health Educ Behav. 2023 Jun;50(3):394-405.  Cross-Sectional
Parenting Practices Are Associated With Adolescent Food Choices During Independent Eating Occasions Reicks M et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2023 May 23:S2212-2672(23)00276-9. Cross-Sectional
Human nutritional intelligence underestimated? Exposing sensitivities to food composition in everyday dietary decisions Brunstrom JM et al. Physiol Behav. 2023 May 1;263:114127.  Narrative Review
Mental Health and Cognition The effects of carbohydrate-restricted diet on psychological outcomes: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials Sindler D et al. Nutr Rev. 2023 Jun 8:nuad053.  Systematic Review
Reduction in sugar drink valuation and consumption with gamified executive control training Najberg H. Sci Rep. 2023 Jun 30;13(1):10659.  RCT
Self-compassion, Stress, and Eating Behaviour: Exploring the Effects of Self-compassion on Dietary Choice and Food Craving After Laboratory-Induced Stress Brenton-Peters J et al.  RCT
High-fat-sugar diet is associated with impaired hippocampus-dependent memory in humans Atak S et al. Physiol Behav. 2023 Sep 1;268:114225.  Cross-Sectional
Depression symptoms and sweet foods consumption in Mexican college men: the role of emotional eating Lazarevich I et al. Nutr Hosp. 2023 Jun 21.  Cross-Sectional
Effects of ultra-processed foods on the microbiota-gut-brain axis: The bread-and-butter issue Song Z et al. Food Res Int. 2023 May;167:112730.  Narrative Review
Physical Activity Influence of Exogenous Factors Related to Nutritional and Hydration Strategies and Environmental Conditions on Fatigue in Endurance Sports: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis Pellicer-Caller R et al. Nutrients. 2023 Jun 9;15(12):2700.  SRMA
Pre-exercise meal on oxidation of energy substrates during maximal exercise test in non-trained individuals da Silva LR et al. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2023 May 25;67(5):e000618.  RCT
Association between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption frequency and muscle strength: results from a sample of Chinese adolescents Zhang Y et al. BMC Public Health. 2023 May 30;23(1):1010.  Cross-Sectiona;
Knowledge & Perceptions Associations between Knowledge of Health Risks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake among US Adolescents Park S et al.Nutrients. 2023 May 22;15(10):2408. Cross-Sectional
Parental Perception of Children's School Lunch Milk Racette CM et al. J Dairy Sci. 2023 May 18:S0022-0302(23)00260-6.  Cross-Sectional
Caregiver perceptions of snacks for young children: A thematic synthesis of qualitative research Killion K, Harris JL, Duffy VB. Appetite. 2023 Jun 14;188:106628.  Narrative Review
Dietary Guidelines Development of the Healthy Eating Index-Toddlers-2020 Pannucci TE et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2023 May 18:S2212-2672(23)00244-7.  Systematic Review
Comparison of foods and beverages served and consumed in CACFP- participating childcare centers to national guidelines Mozaffarian RS et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Jun 8:1-25.  Cross-Sectional
From “good for people” to “good for people and planet” – Placing health and environment on equal footing when developing food-based dietary guidelines Wood A et al. Food Policy, Volume 117, 2023.  Narrative Review
Food Labelling Front-of-Package Nutrition Labeling and Its Impact on Food Industry Practices: A Systematic Review of the Evidence Ganderats-Fuentes M, Morgan S. Nutrients. 2023 Jun 5;15(11):2630.  Systematic Review
How pictorial warnings change parents' purchases of sugar-sweetened beverage for their children: mechanisms of impact Hall MG et al. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2023 Jun 23;20(1):76.  RCT
A Randomized Controlled Study to Test Front-of-Pack (FOP) Nutrition Labels in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Shin S et al. Nutrients. 2023 Jun 27;15(13):2904.  RCT
Children's reaction to sugar reduced dairy desserts in the context of the implementation of nutritional warning labels: An exploratory study Velázquez AL et al. Food Res Int. 2023 Aug;170:113001.  RCT
Nutrient intakes and top food categories contributing to intakes of energy and nutrients-of-concern consumed by Canadian adults that would require a 'high-in' front-of-pack symbol according to Canadian labelling regulations Lee JJ et al. PLoS One. 2023 May 18;18(5):e0285095.  Cross-Sectional
Sociodemographic disparities in purchases of fruit drinks with policy relevant front-of-package nutrition claims Duffy E et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 May 22:1-11.  Cross-Sectional
Examining the diet quality of Canadian adults and the alignment of Canadian front-of-pack labelling regulations with other front-of-pack labelling systems and dietary guidelines Lee JJ et al. Front Public Health. 2023 Jun 23;11:1168745.  Cross-Sectional
Availability of calorie information on online food delivery service platforms among major chain restaurants in Canadian provinces with different calorie labelling policies Vanderlee L et al. Can J Public Health. 2023 Jun 29. Cross-Sectional
Design and approval of the nutritional warnings' policy in Peru: Milestones, key stakeholders, and policy drivers for its approval Diez-Canseco F et al. PLOS Glob Public Health. 2023 Jun 16;3(6):e0001121 Narrative Review
Toward a New Definition of "Healthy" Food: Issues and Challenges Siu K, Drewnowski A. Curr Dev Nutr. 2023 Apr 19;7(5):100080.  Commentary
Ultra-Processed Food Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Ultra-Processed Foods Consumption in a Group of Italian Patients with Celiac Disease Tristan Asensi M et al. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 13;15(4):938.  Cross-Sectional
How do we differentiate not demonise – Is there a role for healthier processed foods in an age of food insecurity? Proceedings of a roundtable event Lockyer S et al. Nutrition Bulletin, 00, 1– 18.  Commentary
Processing the evidence to evaluate mechanisms, costs and future solutions Ciarán G. FordeNutr Bull. 2023. Commentary
Sustainability Consumer segmentation based on three dimensions of sustainable food consumption: a simultaneous analysis of meat, organic food, and sweet snack purchases based on household panel data in Germany Schäufele-Elbers I, Janssen M. Front Nutr. 2023 Jun 27;10:1140636.  Cross-Sectional

April 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in April 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Methodology Urinary Sucrose and Fructose From Spot Urine May Be Used as a Predictive Biomarker of Total Sugar Intake-Findings From a Controlled Feeding Study Tasevska N et al.J Nutr. 2023 Apr 6.  Controlled Feeding Trial
Dietary Intakes - Sugars Intake Factors associated with added sugar consumption of older adults from the region of Campinas-SP, Brazil  Silva Júnior JNBD et al. 2023 Apr;28(4):1219-1228.  Cross-Sectional
Canadian Free Sugar Intake and Modelling of a Reformulation Scenario Bernstein JT et al. Foods. 2023 Apr 25;12(9):1771.  Modelling Study Using Cross-Sectional Data
How Many Diet-Related Non-Communicable Disease Deaths Could Be Averted or Delayed If Canadians Reduced Their Consumption of Calories Derived from Free Sugars Intake? A Macrosimulation Modeling Study Flexner N et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 11;15(8):1835.  Modelling Study
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Applying the temporal self-regulation theory to understand sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Chinese college students.   Xiao HL et al. Health Psychol Behav Med. 2023 Apr 29.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intakes - Food Intake Systematic review of the portion size norm of discretionary foods.   Liu Q et al. Nutr Rev. 2023 Apr 11;81(5):531-554.  Systematic Review
Obesity The effect of empowerment program to reduce Sugar Consumption based on the Multi-Theory Model on Body Mass Index and abdominal obesity in Iranian women Joveini H et al. BMC Womens Health. 2023 Apr 28;23(1):207. RCT
Association between consumption of nonessential energy-dense food and body mass index among Mexican school-aged children: A prospective cohort study Barrientos-Gutiérrez T et al. Res Sq. 2023 Apr Preprint.  Prospective Cohort
Changes in Body Mass Index Among School-Aged Youths Following Implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 Chandran A et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2023 Apr 1;177(4):401-409.  Prospective Cohort
Temporal sweet taste dominance according to adult body mass index classification Lima RS et al. J Food Sci. 2023 May;88(5):2191-2202.  Cross-Sectional
Dimensions of sleep quality are related to objectively measured eating behaviors among children at high familial risk for obesity Zuraikat FM et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2023 May;31(5):1216-1226.  Cross-Sectional
Ketogenic diet in children and adolescents: The effects on growth and nutritional status Corsello A et al. Pharmacol Res. 2023 May;191:106780.  Narrative Review
Moderating "the great debate": The carbohydrate-insulin vs. the energy balance models of obesity Flier JS. Cell Metab. 2023 May 2;35(5):737-741.  Commentary
Diabetes After Dinner Rest a While, After Supper Walk a Mile? A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis on the Acute Postprandial Glycemic Response to Exercise Before and After Meal Ingestion in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance  Engeroff T, Groneberg DA, Wilke J. Sports Med. 2023 Apr. SRMA
Allulose for the attenuation of postprandial blood glucose levels in healthy humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis  Yuma T et al. PLoS One. 2023 Apr 6;18(4):e0281150.  SRMA
Plasma metabolomic response to high-carbohydrate meals of differing glycaemic load in overweight women Durainayagam B et al. Eur J Nutr. 2023 Apr 21.  RCT
Beverage consumption and mortality among adults with type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study Ma L et al. BMJ. 2023 Apr 19;381:e073406.  Prospective Cohort
Consumption of sweetened beverages is associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Brazilian adults (CUME project) Viana Dias JP et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Apr;33(4):789-796. Prospective  Prospective Cohort
You are what you drink? How associations between profiles of beverage consumption and type 2 diabetes risk are mediated by biomarker networks Rose BD et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Apr 14:S0002-9165(23)46844-X.  Cross-Sectional
Cardiovsacular Disease Dietary sugar consumption and health: umbrella review  Huang Y et al. BMJ. 2023 Apr 5;381.  Umbrella Review of SRMAs
Carbohydrate Intake and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies Jo U, Park K. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 2;15(7):1740.  SRMA
Weight loss associated with low-energy diets with different glycaemic loads does not improve arterial stiffness: a randomised clinical trial Perin L et al. Br J Nutr. 2023 Apr 27:1-12.  RCT
Effect of Sugar Replacement with Stevia-Based Tabletop Sweetener on Weight and Cardiometabolic Health among Indian Adults  Raghavan G et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 3;15(7):1744.  Uncontrolled Intervention 
Consumption frequencies of beverages and the hypertension risk in adults: a cohort study in China  Wang C et al. BMJ Open. 2023 Apr 11;13(4):e072474.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar- or artificially-sweetened beverage consumption, physical activity, and risk of cardiovascular disease in US adults Pacheco LS et al. medRxiv. 2023 Apr 24:2023.04.17.23288711.  Prospective Cohort
Associations of free sugars from solid and liquid sources with cardiovascular disease: a retrospective cohort analysis Dasgupta K et al.BMC Public Health. 2023 Apr 24;23(1):756.  Retrospective Cohort
Beverage Consumption Patterns and Nutrient Intake Are Associated with Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Urban Mexican Young Adults  Salinas-Mandujano RG et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 9;15(8):1817.  Cross-Sectional
Measures of carbohydrate quality and their association with diet quality and cardiometabolic health outcomes in Singapore middle-aged and older adults  Tan D et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Apr;33(4):778-788.  Cross-Sectional
Association of beverage consumption with subclinical atherosclerosis in a Spanish working population  Muñoz-Cabrejas A et al. Sci Rep. 2023 Apr 20;13(1):6509.  Cross-Sectional
A Heart-Healthy Diet for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Where Are We Now?  Diab A et al. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2023 Apr 21;19:237-253.  Narrative Review
Artificial sweeteners and cardiovascular risk Gomez-Delgado F et al. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2023 Apr 13 Narrative Review
Comment on: Dietary carbohydrate quantity and quality and risk of cardiovascular disease, all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis Zhang B, Liu L, Lu C. Clin Nutr. 2023 Apr 17:S0261-5614(23)00130-9.  Commentary
Response to Comment on Lee et al. Relation of Change or Substitution of Low- and No-Calorie Sweetened Beverages With Cardiometabolic Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Diabetes Care 2022;45:1917-1930 Lee JJ, Khan T, Sievenpiper JL. Diabetes Care. 2023 Apr 1;46(4):e99-e100.  Commentary
Comment on Lee et al. Relation of Change or Substitution of Low- and No-Calorie Sweetened Beverages With Cardiometabolic Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Diabetes Care 2022;45:1917-1930 Buziau AM et al. Diabetes Care. 2023 Apr 1;46(4):e97-e98.  Commentary
Cancer Carbohydrate quality indices and colorectal cancer risk: a case-control study Kahrizsangi MA et al. BMC Cancer. 2023 Apr 17;23(1):347.  Cross-Sectional
Continuing the Conversation on Artificial Sweeteners and the Risk of Cancer: Results from the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study Rangel-Méndez JA et al.Nutr Cancer. 2023 Apr 17:1-2.  Commentary
Dental Health Damage from Carbonated Soft Drinks on Enamel: A Systematic Review Inchingolo AM et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 6;15(7):1785.  Systematic Review
Ultra-processed food consumption and dental caries in adolescents from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort study da Silva NRJ et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2023 Apr 9.  Prospective Cohort
Socio-economic status, psychosocial factors, health behaviours and incidence of dental caries in 12-year-old children living in deprived communities in Manaus, Brazil Costa LR et al. J Dent. 2023 Jun;133:104504.  Prospective Cohort
Liver Health Sugar-sweetened beverages, low/no-calorie beverages, fruit juice and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease defined by fatty liver index: the SWEET project Naomi ND et al. Nutr Diabetes. 2023 Apr 21;13(1):6.  Cross-Sectional
PCOS Effects of nutrition on metabolic and endocrine outcomes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials Moslehi N et al. Nutr Rev. 2023 Apr 11;81(5):555-577.  SRMA
Sleep  The interrelationship between sleep, diet, and glucose metabolism St-Onge MP et al. Sleep Med Rev. 2023 Apr 28;69:101788.  Narrative Review
Diet Quality Nutritional quality of snacks and beverages sold through vending machines in a large Hispanic-serving urban college campus in the United States: A cross-sectional study Samuel L et al. J Public Health Res. 2023 May 4;12(2):22799036231170842.  Cross-Sectional
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Habitual daily intake of a sweet and fatty snack modulates reward processing in humans.   Edwin Thanarajah S et al. Cell Metab. 2023 Apr 4;35(4):571-584.e6.  RCT
Prevalence and correlates of addictive eating behaviours in a large cohort of Australian adolescents Smout S et al. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2023 Apr 10:48674231165201. Cross-Sectional
Association between food addiction with ultra-processed food consumption and eating patterns in a Brazilian sample Silva Júnior AED et al. Appetite. 2023 Apr 20;186:106572.  Cross-Sectional
Highly processed foods can be considered addictive substances based on established scientific criteria Gearhardt AN, DiFeliceantonio AG. Addiction. 2023 Apr;118(4):589-598.  Commentary
Mental Health and Cognition Efficacy of low carbohydrate and ketogenic diets in treating mood and anxiety disorders: systematic review and implications for clinical practice Dietch DM et al. BJPsych Open. 2023 Apr 17;9(3):e70.  Systematic Review
Evaluating the Association Between Artificial Sweetener Intake and Indicators of Stress and Anxiety Miller B et al. Community Health Equity Res Policy. 2023 Apr;43(3):339-342.  Cross-Sectional
The Role of a Ketogenic Diet in the Treatment of Dementia in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Bai L et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 19;15(8):1971.  Narrative Review
Reformulation Canadian Free Sugar Intake and Modelling of a Reformulation Scenario Bernstein JT et al. Foods. 2023 Apr 25;12(9):1771.  Modelling Study
Dietary Guidelines Popular Dietary Patterns: Alignment With American Heart Association 2021 Dietary Guidance: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Gardner CD et al. Circulation. 2023 Apr 27.  Systematic Review
Food Labelling Effects of front-of-package nutrition labelling systems on understanding and purchase intention in Jamaica: results from a multiarm randomised controlled trial White-Barrow V, Gomes FS, Eyre S, Ares G, Morris A, Caines D, Finlay D. BMJ Open. 2023 Apr 6;13(4):e065620.  RCT
Online RCT of Icon Added-Sugar Warning Labels for Restaurant Menus Jennifer Falbe et al. J. Prev. Med, 2023  RCT
The big squeeze: a product content and labelling analysis of ready-to-use complementary infant food pouches in Australia Brunacci KA et al. BMC Public Health. 2023 Apr 6;23(1):656.  Cross-Sectional
Toward a New Definition of “Healthy” Food: Issues and Challenges Siu K, Drewnowski A. Current Developments in Nutrition. 2023 April.  Modelling Study