Latest Sugars-Related Research (2022)

CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is available for download

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June 2022

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in June 2022, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Methodology  Sugars measured enzymatically in a fasting overnight urine sample are not sensitive biomarkers of dietary added sugar intake in postmenopausal women.  Weinhold KR, et al. Nutr Health. 2022 Jun 9. Online Ahead of Print.  RCT
Dietary Intakes - Sugars Intake Trends in Loss-Adjusted Availability of Added Sugars and Energy Contribution from Macronutrients and Major Food Groups in Canada and the United States.  Wang YF, et al. J Am Nutr Assoc. 2022 Jun 23:1-10.  Per Capita Consumption Data
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Use of a Water Filter at Home Reduces Sugary Drink Consumption among Parents and Toddlers in a Predominantly Hispanic Community: Results from the Water Up!@ Home Intervention Trial.  Reese AC, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2022 Jun 15.  RCT
Sex-Based Differences in Factors Associated With Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Among Korean High School Students.  Ra JS, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 14;9:907922.  Cross-Sectional
Contributing Factors of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake in the Latinx Population: A Narrative Review Using the Social-Ecological Model.  Cuy Castellanos D, et al. Health Educ Behav. 2022 Jun 8.  Narrative Review
Dietary Intakes - Food Intake Plasma Metabolite Response to Simple, Refined and Unrefined Carbohydrate-Enriched Diets in Older Adults-Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial.  Huang NK, et al. Metabolites. 2022 Jun 15;12(6):547.  RCT
Differences in energy and nutrient content of menu items served by large chain restaurants in the USA and the UK in 2018.  Huang Y, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2022 Jun 1:1-9. Online Ahead of Print.  Cross-Sectional
Characterizing Adolescents' Dietary Intake by Taste: Results From the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey.  Bawajeeh A, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 20;9:893643.  Cross-Sectional
Prevalence of Sugar-Sweetened Food Consumption in Rural Bangladeshi Children Aged 6-24 Months.  Salem MK, et al. J Nutr. 2022 Jun 16:nxac119. Online Ahead of Print.  Cross-Sectional
Obesity Impact of low-carbohydrate diet on serum levels of leptin and adiponectin levels: a systematic review and meta-analysis in adult.  Morshedzadeh N, et al. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2022 Jan 11.  SRMA
Examining the associations between a posteriori dietary patterns and obesity indexes: Systematic review of observational studies.  Koutras Y, et al. ENutr Health. 2022 Jun;28(2):149-162.  Systematic Review
Sugar Is the Key Cause of Overweight/Obesity in Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSB).  Yu L, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 28;9:885704. RCT
Dose-Response and Substitution Analyzes of Sweet Beverage Consumption and Body Weight in Dutch Adults: The Lifelines Cohort Study.  Buso MEC, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 24;9:889042.  Cross-Sectional
Westernized and Diverse Dietary Patterns Are Associated With Overweight-Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Mexican Adult Men.  Rodríguez-Ramírez S, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 24;9:891609.  Cross-Sectional
Patterns of discretionary food intake among Australian children and their association with socio-demographic, lifestyle, and adiposity measures.  Fayet-Moore F, et al. Nutr Diet. 2022 Jun 16.  Cross-Sectional
When and What to Eat? A Scoping Review of Health Outcomes of Fasting in Conjunction with a Low-Carbohydrate Diet.  Salehi N, et al. Br J Nutr. 2022 Jun 29:1-41 PRISMA Scoping Review
Integrating the effects of sucrose intake on the brain and white adipose tissue: Could autophagy be a possible link?  Mattar P, et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2022 Jun;30(6):1143-1155.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Associations of Moderate Low-Carbohydrate Diets With Mortality Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study.  Wan Z, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2022 Jun 16;107(7):e2702-e2709.  Prospective Cohort
Comparison of Quality of Carbohydrate Metrics Related to Fasting Insulin, Glycosylated Hemoglobin and HOMA-IR in Brazilian Adolescents.  da Rocha CMM, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 19;14(12):2544. Cross-sectional 
Cross-sectional associations between the types/amounts of beverages consumed and the glycemia status: The Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Diabetes study.  Kabeya Y, et al. Metabol Open. 2022 Apr 20;14:100185.  Cross-Sectional
Relationship between Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Risk of Diabetes Mellitus: A Mini-Review.  Almarshad MI, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 7;14(12):2366.  Narrative Review
Nutritional strategies to attenuate postprandial glycemic response.  Pasmans K, et al. Obes Rev. 2022 Jun 10:e13486.  Narrative Review
Cardiovsacular Disease Childhood beverage intake and risk of hypertension and hyperlipidaemia in young adults.  Sakaki JR, et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2022 Jun 27:1-11.  Prospective Cohort
Association of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Cardiovascular Diseases Mortality in a Large Young Cohort of Nearly 300,000 Adults (Age 20-39).  Chen CH, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 29;14(13):2720.  Prospective Cohort
Soft drink and non-caloric soft drink intake and their association with blood pressure: the Health Workers Cohort Study.  Hernández-López R, et al. Nutr J. 2022 Jun 7;21(1):37.  Prospective Cohort
Metabolome Alterations Linking Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake with Dyslipidemia in Youth: The Exploring Perinatal Outcomes among CHildren (EPOCH) Study.  Cohen CC, et al. Metabolites. 2022 Jun 17;12(6):559.  Prospective Cohort
Dietary patterns and predicted 10-year cardiovascular disease risk in a multiethnic Asian population.  Lee YQ, et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2022 Jun 22.  Cross-Sectional
Cancer Diet as a Risk Factor for Early-Onset Colorectal Adenoma and Carcinoma: A Systematic Review.  Carroll KL, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 9;9:896330.  Systematic Review
Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of liver cancer by diabetes status: A pooled analysis.  Jones GS, et al. Cancer Epidemiol. 2022 Aug;79:102201. Prospective Cohort
Adherence to cancer prevention recommendations and risk of breast cancer in situ in the United Kingdom Biobank.  Karavasiloglou N, et al. Int J Cancer. 2022 Jun 20.  Prospective Cohort
Dairy product consumption and risk of cancer: A short report from the NutriNet-Santé prospective cohort study.  Deschasaux-Tanguy M, et al. Int J Cancer. 2022 Jun 15.  Prospective Cohort
Macronutrients Intake and Risk of Stomach Cancer: Findings from Case-Control Study.  Allehdan S, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 8;14(12):2373.  Case-Control
A high glycemic index and glycemic load increased the risk of gastric cancer: A case-control study in Korea.  Kim SY, et al. Nutr Res. 2022 Jun 6;105:11-19.  Case-Control
Diet Quality Consumption of Foods-Away-from-Home is Associated with Lower Diet Quality Among Adults Living in Puerto Rico.  Bezares N, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2022 Jun 20.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary quality of school meals and packed lunches: a national study of primary and secondary school children in the UK.  Haney E, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2022 Jun 1:1-30.  Cross-Sectional
Dental Health Individual, Family, and Socioeconomic Contributors to Dental Caries in Children from Low- and Middle-Income Countries.  Yousaf M, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jun 10.  SRMA
Isotope analysis of human dental calculus δ13 CO3 2- : Investigating a potential new proxy for sugar consumption.  Chidimuro B, et al. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2022 Jun 15.  Cross-Sectional
Metabolic Syndrome Substitution of pure fruit juice for fruit and sugar-sweetened beverages and cardiometabolic risk in European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-NL: a prospective cohort study.  Scheffers FR, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2022 Jun;25(6):1504-1514.  Prospective Cohort
Association between Dietary Patterns Reflecting C-Reactive Protein and Metabolic Syndrome in the Chinese Population.  Yu H, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 21;14(13):2566.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Influences on Gut Microbiota with a Focus on Metabolic Syndrome.  Thomas MS, et al. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2022 Jun 15.  Narrative Review
Impact of Dietary Fructose and High Salt Diet: Are Preclinical Studies Relevant to Asian Societies?  Khor BH, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 17;14(12):2515.  Narrative Review
Gout The Interaction Between Dietary Fructose and Gut Microbiota in Hyperuricemia and Gout.  Fang XY, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 22;9:890730 Narrative Review
Asthma The association of pure fruit juice, sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit consumption with asthma prevalence in adolescents growing up from 11 to 20 years: The PIAMA birth cohort study.  Scheffers FR, et al. Prev Med Rep. 2022 Jun 27;28:101877.  Retrospective Cohort Study
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Brain Responses to Food Choices and Decisions Depend on Individual Hedonic Profiles and Eating Habits in Healthy Young Women.  Coquery N, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 24;9:920170.  Cross-Sectional
Taste preferences of preschoolers and parents' contribution to shaping their children's eating habits in the context of obesity development.  Strzelecka I, et al. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2022 Jun 24;29(2):287-293.  Cross-Sectional
Physical Activity  A high carbohydrate diet with a low glycaemic index improves training effects in male endurance athletes.  Zdzieblik D, et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2022 Jun 26:1-8. RCT
Mental Health, Cognition, & Behaviour Meta-analysis of sugar-sweetened beverage intake and the risk of cognitive disorders.  Liu H, et al. J Affect Disord. 2022 Sep 15;313:177-185.  SRMA
Association Between Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Executive Function Among Chinese Tibetan Adolescents at High Altitude.  Zhang F, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 27;9:939256.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Glycemic Load and Plasma Amyloid-β Biomarkers of Alzheimer's Disease.  Gentreau M, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 15;14(12):2485.  Cross-Sectional
Combined association of depressive symptoms and sugar-sweetened beverages consumption with low cognitive performance.  Chen C, et al. J Affect Disord. 2022 Sep 15;313:15-20. Cross-Sectional
Cross-Sectional Associations of Intakes of Starch and Sugars with Depressive Symptoms in Young and Middle-Aged Japanese Women: Three-Generation Study of Women on Diets and Health.  Fujiwara A, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 9;14(12):2400.  Cross-Sectional
Why Being 'Stressed' Is 'Desserts' in Reverse-The Effect of Acute Psychosocial Stress on Food Pleasure and Food Choice.  Hyldelund NB, et al. Foods. 2022 Jun 15;11(12):1756.  Cross-Sectional
Addiction  Dietary intakes among people with vs without food addiction: A systematic review and meta-analysis.  Reche-García C, et al. Clin Nutr. 2022 Jun 29;41(8):1770-1780.  SRMA
Childhood trauma and food addiction: The role of emotion regulation difficulties and gender differences.  Hoover LV, et al. Appetite. 2022 Jun 20;177:106137.  Cross-Sectional
Food Labelling Nutritional Description of Foods with Low- and No-Calorie Sweeteners in Spain: The BADALI Project.  Beltrá M, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Jun 28;14(13):2686.  Cross-Sectional
"You can't just eat 16 teaspoons of sugar so why would you drink 16 teaspoons' worth of sugar?": a qualitative study of young adults' reactions to sugary drink warning labels.  Miller C, et al. BMC Public Health. 2022 Jun 22;22(1):1241.  Cross-Sectional
Hollow Threats: Transnational Food and Beverage Companies' Use of International Agreements to Fight Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labeling in Mexico and Beyond.  Crosbie E, et al. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2022 Jun 1;11(6):722-725.  Narrative Review
Knowledge & Perceptions University Students' Knowledge and Perceptions About Concepts, Recommendations, and Health Effects of Added Sugars.  Santana IP, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Jun 9;9:896895.  Cross-Sectional
Food Science & Reformulation  Added sugars and non-nutritive sweeteners in the food supply: Are they a threat for consumers?  Bayram HM, et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2022 Jun;49:442-448.  Cross-Sectional
An exploration of food industry led reformulation on fortified food staples in Ireland.  McMenemy D, et al. J Public Health (Oxf). 2022 Jun 27;44(2):342-348.  Cross-Sectional
Changes in temporal sensory profile, liking, satiety, and postconsumption attributes of yogurt with natural sweeteners.  Chadha D, et al. J Food Sci. 2022 Jun 16. Online Ahead of Print.  Cross-Sectional
Agave Syrup: Chemical Analysis and Nutritional Profile, Applications in the Food Industry and Health Impacts.  Saraiva A, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jun 8;19(12):7022.  Narrative Review
Dietary Guidelines The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - food consumption and nutrient intake in the adult population of the Nordic and Baltic countries.  Lemming EW, et al. Food Nutr Res. 2022 Jun 8;66.  Cross-Sectional
Does the concept of "ultra-processed foods" help inform dietary guidelines, beyond conventional classification systems? NO.  Astrup A, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 Jun 7:nqac123. Online Ahead of Print.  Narrative Review
Sustainability The cost of eating more sustainable diets: A nutritional and environmental diet optimisation study.  Verly-Jr E, et al. Glob Public Health. 2022 Jun;17(6):1073-1086.  Cross-Sectional

May 2022

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in May 2022, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Methodology  A Scoping Review of Epidemiological Studies on Intake of Sugars in Geographically Dispersed Asian Countries: Comparison of Dietary Assessment Methodology.   Fujiwara A et al. Adv Nutr. 2022 May 31.  Narrative Review
Dietary Intakes - Sugars Intake Duration of WIC Participation and Early Feeding Practices Are Associated With Meeting the Added Sugars Recommendation at Age 3 Years.   Borger C et al. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2022 May 11:S1499-4046(22)00051-3. Prospective Cohort
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Trajectories of beverage consumption during adolescence. Doggui R, et al. Appetite. 2022 May 21.  Prospective Cohort
Consumer demand for healthy beverages in the hospitality industry: Examining willingness to pay a premium, and barriers to purchase.  Hallak R, et al. PLoS One. 2022 May 2.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intakes - Food Intake Creating "Plates" to Evaluate Canadians' Dietary Intake in Relation to the 2019 Canada's Food Guide.  Prowse R, et al. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2022 May 3.  Cross-Sectional
Obesity Effect of Carbohydrate-Restricted Diets and Intermittent Fasting on Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and Hypertension Management: Consensus Statement of the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, Korean Diabetes Association, and Korean Society of Hypertension. Choi JH, et al. Diabetes Metab J. 2022 May 25.  SRMA
Predicting risk of overweight or obesity in Chinese preschool-aged children using artificial intelligence techniques. Wang Q, et al. Endocrine. 2022 May 18.  Cross-Sectional
Too much sugar does not just make us fat; it can also make us sick. Dwyer KM, et al. Intern Med J. 2022 May 22.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Comprehensive Understanding for Application in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus of the Consensus Statement on Carbohydrate-Restricted Diets by Korean Diabetes Association, Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, and Korean Society of Hypertension. Choi JH, et al. Diabetes Metab J. 2022 May 25.  SRMA
Dose-dependent effect of carbohydrate restriction for type 2 diabetes management: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Jayedi A, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 May 10.  SRMA
Effect of a Ketogenic Diet versus Mediterranean Diet on HbA1c in Individuals with Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: the Interventional Keto-Med Randomized Crossover Trial. Gardner CD, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 May 31. RCT
Association between pre-conceptional carbohydrate quality index and the incidence of gestational diabetes: the SUN cohort study. Fernández-González E, et al. Br J Nutr. 2022 May 20.  Prospective Cohort
Psychosocial and diabetes risk factors among racially/ethnically diverse adults with prediabetes. Rodriguez LA, et al. Prev Med Rep. 2022 May 5.  Cross-Sectional
Satiety, glycemic profiles, total antioxidant capacity, and postprandial glycemic responses to different sugars in healthy Malaysian adults. Azlan A, et al. Nutrition. 2022 May.  Cross-Sectional
Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet for Improvement of Glycemic Control: Mechanism of Action of Ketosis and Beneficial Effects. Sakr HF, et al. Curr Diabetes Rev. 2022 May 11. Narrative Review
How strong is the evidence base for carbohydrate restriction in the management of type 2 diabetes? Frost G. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 May 10.  Commentary
Cardiovascular Disease Association of added sugar intake with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality: a systematic review of cohort studies. Song S, et al. Nutr Res Pract. 2022 May.  Systematic Review
Effects of public policies in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review of global literature. Vellakkal S, et al. Public Health. 2022 May 11.  Systematic Review
A Prospective Study of Fruit Juice Consumption and the Risk of Overall and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality. Zhang Z, et al. Nutrients. 2022 May 19.  Prospective Cohort
Dietary patterns associated with Stroke among West Africans: a case-control study.  Okekunle A, et al. Int. J Stroke. 2022 May 12.  Case-Control
Cancer Mannose: A Sweet Option in the Treatment of Cancer and Inflammation.  Nan F, et al. Front Pharmacol. 2022 May 13.  Narrative Review
Dental Health Association between birthplace and time in the US with diet quality in US adolescents: Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007 to 2018.  Uribe ALM, et al. J Nutr. 2022 May 31.  Cross-Sectional
Late Evening Eating Patterns among US Adults Vary in Their Associations With, and Impact on, Energy Intake and Diet Quality: Evidence from What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2016.  Sebastian RS, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2022 May.  Cross-Sectional
Perspective: The Glycemic Index Falls Short as a Carbohydrate Food Quality Indicator to Improve Diet Quality.  Nicholls J. Front Nutr. 2022 Apr 20.  Narrative Review
Dental Health Baby Food and Oral Health: Knowledge of the Existing Interaction. Fioravanti M, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 May 10.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary intake and meal patterns among young adults with high caries activity: a cross-sectional study. Guo A, et al. BMC Oral Health. 2022 May 19.  Cross-Sectional
Liver Health Lifestyle Interventions for Non-Obese Patients Both with, and at Risk, of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Zhang XL, et al. Diabetes Metab J. 2022 May 25.  Narrative Review
Gut Health A starch- and sucrose-reduced dietary intervention in irritable bowel syndrome patients produced a shift in gut microbiota composition along with changes in phylum, genus, and amplicon sequence variant abundances, without affecting the micro-RNA levels. Nilholm C, et al. United European Gastroenterol J. 2022 May.  RCT
Pregnancy/Lactation/ PCOS Associations of Maternal Consumption of Sugary Beverages in Pregnancy With Infant Weight Status.  Egan KA, et al. Acad Pediatr. 2022 May 13.  Prospective Cohort
Sleep Is there a relationship between the ketogenic diet and sleep disorders? Barrea L, et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2022 May.  Narrative Review
Mortality Association of Sugar-Sweetened, Artificially Sweetened, and Unsweetened Coffee Consumption With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality : A Large Prospective Cohort Study.  Liu D, et al. Ann Intern Med. 2022 May 31.   Prospective Cohort
Pain A Single Dose of Oral Sucrose Is Enough to Control Pain During Venipuncture: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Cavicchiolo ME, et al. Front Pain Res (Lausanne). 2022 May 11.  RCT
The effect of concurrent use of swaddle and sucrose on the intensity of pain during venous blood sampling in neonate: a clinical trial study. Talebi M, et al. BMC Pediatr. 2022 May 10.  RCT
Reproductive Health Sugar Consumption Is Negatively Associated with Semen Quality. Efrat M, et al. Reprod Sci. 2022 May 23.  Cross-Sectional
Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in relation to reproductive parameters in young men. Kiwitt-Cárdenas J, et al. Rev Int Androl. 2022 May 8.  Cross-Sectional
Renal Health Thirsty For Fructose: Arginine Vasopressin, Fructose, and the Pathogenesis of Metabolic and Renal Disease. Student J, et al. Front Cardiovasc Med. 2022 May 17.  Narrative Review
Other Health Topics Are there plastic particles in my sugar? A pioneering study on the characterization of microplastics in commercial sugars and risk assessment.  Afrin S, et al. Sci Total Environ. 2022 May 10.  Cross-Sectional
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  The outcomes of Thirsty? Choose Water! Determining the effects of a behavioural and an environmental intervention on water and sugar sweetened beverage consumption in adolescents: A randomised controlled trial.  Gowland-Ella J, et al. Health Promot J Austr. 2022 May 30. RCT
Less Sugar and More Whole Grains in Infant Cereals: A Sensory Acceptability Experiment With Infants and Their Parents.   Sanchez-Siles L et al. Front Nutr. 2022 May 13;9:855004.  RCT
Associations between resilience and food intake are mediated by emotional eating in the NutriNet-Santé study.  Robert M, et al. J Nutr. 2022 May 31.  Cross-Sectional
Correlates of bitter, sweet, salty and umami taste sensitivity in European children: Role of sex, age and weight status - The IDEFICS study. Jilani H, et al. Appetite. 2022 May 18 Cross-Sectional
Oral processing behaviours of liquid, solid and composite foods are primarily driven by texture, mechanical and lubrication properties rather than by taste intensity. Gonzalez-Estanol K, et al. Food Funct. 2022 May 10.  Cross-Sectional
'I Knew I Should Stop, but I Couldn't Control Myself': a qualitative study to explore the factors influencing adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and sugary snacks from a socio-ecological perspective. Wang CW, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2022 May 18 Cross-Sectional
Physical Activity  Leisure-time organised physical activity and dietary intake among Swedish adolescents. Fröberg A, et al. J Sports Sci. 2022 May 3. Cross-Sectional
Mental Health, Cognition, & Behaviour Ketogenic diet, epilepsy and cognition: what do we know so far? A systematic review. Lima MC, et al. Nutr Rev. 2022 May 9.  Systematic Review
Food Labelling  Effects of Digital Food Labels on Healthy Food Choices in Online Grocery Shopping. Fuchs KL, et al. Nutrients. 2022 May 13.  RCT
Perceived effectiveness of added-sugar warning label designs for U.S. restaurant menus: An online randomized controlled trial. Sigala DM, et al. Prev Med. 2022 Jul.  RCT
Do sugar warning labels influence parents' selection of a labeled snack for their children? A randomized trial in a virtual convenience store. Taillie LS, et al. Appetite. 2022 May 5. RCT
News coverage of Mexico's front-of-package food label policy. Ramírez AS, et al. BMJ Glob Health. 2022 May.  Cross-Sectional
Knowledge & Perceptions Food Insecurity and the Association between Perceptions and Trust of Food Advertisements and Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods among U.S. Parents and Adolescents. Chiong R, et al. Nutrients. 2022 May 7.  Cross-Sectional
Parents' awareness and perceptions of the Change4Life 100 cal snack campaign, and perceived impact on snack consumption by children under 11 years. Day RE, et al. BMC Public Health. 2022 May 19. Cross-Sectional

April 2022

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in April 2022, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Sugars Intake Development and Validation of the Chinese Version Non-Nutritive Sweetener Food Frequency Questionnaire with Urinary Biomarker in Children and Adolescents.  Chu YY, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2022 Apr 13.  Cross-Sectional
Children's and Parents' Marburg Sugar Index (MSI) Values: Are They Comparable?  Schmidt P, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 14.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intake of Individual (Intrinsic and Added) Sugars and Food Sources from Spanish Children Aged One to <10 Years-Results from the EsNuPI Study. Redruello-Requejo M, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 16.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Pandemic-related financial hardship and disparities in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and purchasing among San Francisco Bay Area residents during COVID-19.  Pulvera R, et al. Prev Med Rep. 2022 Mar 8.  Cross-Sectional
Estimating consumer preferences for different beverages using the BLP approach.  Haeck C, et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2022 Apr 1.  Cross-Sectional
Caregivers' provision of sweetened fruit-flavoured drinks to young children: importance of perceived product attributes and differences by socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics.  Choi YY, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2022 Apr 20.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intakes - Food Intake Modelling the Impact of Reducing Ultra-Processed Foods Based on the NOVA Classification in Australian Women of Reproductive Age.  Habibi N, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 5.  Cross-Sectional 
Socioeconomic inequalities in the consumption of minimally processed and ultra-processed foods in Brazilian adolescents.  Costa BGGD, et al. Cien Saude Colet. 2022 Apr 27.  Cross-Sectional
Consumption of food groups and associated factors among children aged 6 to 23 months.  Siqueira IMBJ, et al. Rev Paul Pediatr. 2022 Apr 4.  Cross-Sectional
Can food parenting practices explain the association between socioeconomic status and children's food intake? The Feel4Diabetes-study.  Siqueira IMBJ, et al. Rev Paul Pediatr. 2022 Apr 4.  Cross-Sectional
A click too far from fresh foods: A mixed methods comparison of online and in-store grocery behaviors among low-income households.  Trude ACB, et al. Appetite. 2022 Apr 12.  Cross-Sectional
Defining Energy-Dense, Nutrient-Poor Food and Drinks and Estimating the Amount of Discretionary Energy. Biltoft-Jensen A, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 1.  Cross-Sectional
Obesity Sugar-sweetened beverages intake and the risk of obesity in children: An updated systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.  Abbasalizad Farhangi M, et al. Pediatr Obes. 2022 Apr 24.  SRMA
Unhealthy Food and Beverage Consumption in Children and Risk of Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.  Rousham EK, et al. Adv Nutr. 2022 Apr 1.  SRMA
Long Term Weight Loss Diets and Obesity Indices: Results of a Network Meta-Analysis.  Jabbour J, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Apr 5.  SRMA
Effectiveness of Low Carbohydrate diets for long-term weight loss in obese individuals: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  Silverii GA, et al. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2022 Apr 4. SRMA
Dietary Counseling Aimed at Reducing Sugar Intake Yields the Greatest Improvement in Management of Weight and Metabolic Dysfunction in Children with Obesity.  Radulescu A, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 3.  Prospective Cohort
Association of dietary macronutrient intake with adiposity during childhood according to sex: Findings from the generation XXI birth cohort. Marinho AR, et al. Pediatr Obes. 2022 Apr 27.  Prospective Cohort
Associations between intakes of foods and their relations to overweight/obesity in 16-year-old adolescents.  Tell MN, et al. J Nutr Sci. 2022 Apr 7.  Cross-Sectional
Intake of Ultra-Processed Food and Ectopic-, Visceral- and Other Fat Depots: A Cross-Sectional Study.  Fridén M, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Apr 4.  Cross-Sectional
Lack of an association between dietary patterns and adiposity among primary school children in Kilimanjaro Tanzania.  Mosha MV, et al. BMC Nutr. 2022 Apr 21.  Cross-Sectional
Impact of the external school food environment on the associations of internal school food environment with high schoolers' diet and body mass index.  Betts GM, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2022 Apr 25. Cross-Sectional
Associations Between Ultra-processed Foods Consumption and Indicators of Adiposity in US Adolescents: Cross-Sectional Analysis of the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Neri D, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2022 Jan 18.  Cross-Sectional
Time to revisit the passive overconsumption hypothesis? Humans show sensitivity to calories in energy-rich meals. Flynn AN, et al. J Clin Nutr. 2022 Apr 30.  Cross-Sectional
Could very low-calorie ketogenic diets turn off low grade inflammation in obesity? Emerging evidence.  Barrea L, et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2022 Apr 4.  Narrative Review
Diet and Weight Management in Adolescent Girls.  Gandhi AB. J Obstet Gynaecol India. 2022 Apr.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Food purchases in households with and without diabetes based on consumer purchase data.  Sørensen KK,et al. Prim Care Diabetes. 2022 Apr 21.  Cross-Sectional
Cardiovascular Disease Projected impact of change in the percentage of energy from each NOVA group intake on cardiovascular disease mortality in Brazil: a modelling study.  Vasconcelos Leitão Moreira P, et al. BMJ Open. 2022 Apr 26.  Cross-Sectional
Sodium, Added Sugar and Saturated Fat Intake in Relation to Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease Events in Adults: Canadian National Nutrition Survey Linked with Vital Statistics and Health Administrative Databases.  Jessri M, et al. Br J Nutr. 2022 Apr 8.  Cross-Sectional
The association between recommended and non-recommended food scores on cardiovascular risk factors in obese and overweight adult women: a cross-sectional study.  Sabbari M, et al. BMC Public Health. 2022 Apr 21.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary patterns associated with Stroke among West Africans: a case-control study.  Okekunle A, et al. Int. J Stroke. 2022 Apr 4.  Case-Control
Coronary artery disease in South Asian patients: cardiovascular risk factors, pathogenesis and treatments.  Sucato V, et al. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2022 Apr 29.  Narrative Review
Fructose Intake, Hypertension and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents: From Pathophysiology to Clinical Aspects. A Narrative Review.  Giussani M, et al. Front Med (Lausanne). 2022 Apr 12.  Narrative Review
Cancer "Sugar-Sweetened Beverages" Is an Independent Risk From Pancreatic Cancer: Based on Half a Million Asian Cohort Followed for 25 Years.  Chen CH, et al. Front Oncol. 2022 Apr 7.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar-sweetened beverage and sugar consumption and colorectal cancer incidence and mortality according to anatomic subsite.  Yuan C, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 Apr 25.  Prospective Cohort
A Prospective Diet-Wide Association Study for Risk of Colorectal Cancer in EPIC.  Papadimitriou N, et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2022 Apr.  Prospective Cohort
Association of dietary risks, behavioural and lifestyle factors, and the magnitude of disability burden among Australian cancer patients: An observational epidemiology study.  Mahumud RA, et al. Cancer Epidemiol. 2022 Apr.  Cross-Sectional
Consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods by patients with stomach adenocarcinoma: a multicentric case-control study in the Amazon and southeast regions of Brazil.  Peres SV, et al. Cancer Causes Control. 2022 Apr 1.  Case-Control
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Cancer Risk: A Narrative Review.  Arroyo-Quiroz C, Brunauer R, Alavez S.Nutr Cancer. 2022 Apr 29.  Narrative Review
Let's not sugarcoat it: the association of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with colorectal cancer risk may be subsite-specific.  Rothwell JA, et al. J Clin Nutr. 2022 Apr 25.  Narrative Review
Dental Health Health belief model for empowering parental toothbrushing and sugar intake control in reducing early childhood caries among young children-study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial.  Wang K, et al. Trials. 2022 Apr 12.  RCT
Dietary carbohydrate intake is associated with the subgingival plaque oral microbiome abundance and diversity in a cohort of postmenopausal women.  Millen AE,et al. Sci Rep. 2022 Feb 16.  Prospective Cohort
Population Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Dental Caries and Overweight/Obesity in Australian Children.  Ha DH, et al. JDR Clin Trans Res. 2022 Apr 24.  Cross-Sectional
Amount and Frequency of Added Sugars Intake and Their Associations with Dental Caries in United States Adults.  Alosaimi N, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Apr 8.  Cross-Sectional
Impact of Fluoride on Associations between Free Sugars Intake and Dental Caries in US Children.  Melough MM,et al. JDR Clin Trans Res. 2022 Apr 21.  Cross-Sectional
Added Sugar and Oral Health: A Position Paper of the Brazilian Academy of Dentistry.  Feldens CA, et al. Front Oral Health. 2022 Apr 6.  Review/Position Paper
Erosive Effect of Acidic Beverages and Dietary Preservatives on Extracted Human Teeth-An In Vitro Analysis.  Maladkar SR, et al. Eur J Dent. 2022 Apr 18.  In Vitro Study

Effect of Paleolithic-based low-carbohydrate vs. moderate-carbohydrate diets with portion-control and calorie-counting on CTRP6, asprosin and metabolic markers in adults with metabolic syndrome: A randomized clinical trial.  Shemirani F, et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2022 Apr.  RCT
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the adult population in western China and the association with socioeconomic and individual factors: four cross-sectional studies.  Xu X, et al. BMJ Open. 2022 Apr 1.  Cross-Sectional
Habitual- and Meal-Specific Carbohydrate Quality Index and Their Relation to Metabolic Syndrome in a Sample of Iranian Adults.  Majdi M, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Apr 1 .  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Assessment Tools and Metabolic Syndrome: Is It Time to Change the Focus?  Chauhan H, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 8.  Narrative Review
Liver Health The Dose-Response Effects of Consuming High Fructose Corn Syrup-Sweetened Beverages on Hepatic Lipid Content and Insulin Sensitivity in Young Adults. Sigala DM, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 15.  Non-Randomized Controlled Trial
Lifestyle as well as metabolic syndrome and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: an umbrella review of evidence from observational studies and randomized controlled trials.  Peng X, et al. BMC Endocr Disord. 2022 Apr 10.  Narrative Review
Pregnancy/Lactation/ PCOS Dietary Patterns during Pregnancy and Gestational Weight Gain: A Systematic Review. Ferreira LB, et al. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet. 2022 Apr 28.  Systematic Review
Mediterranean Diet Combined With a Low-Carbohydrate Dietary Pattern in the Treatment of Overweight Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Patients. Mei S, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Apr 4.  RCT
Adherence to Nordic dietary patterns and risk of first-trimester spontaneous abortion. Laursen ASD, et al. Eur J Nutr. 2022 Apr 24.  Prospective Cohort
Sleep  Association of healthy beverage index with circadian rhythm and quality of sleep among overweight and obese women: a cross-sectional study.  Jibril AT, et al. Eat Weight Disord. 2022 Apr 7.  Cross-Sectional
Sleep Deprivation: Effects on Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance.  Papatriantafyllou E, et al. E. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 8.  Narrative Review
Inflammation  High fructose diet: A risk factor for immune system dysregulation.  Cheng H, et al. Hum Immunol. 2022 Apr 9.  Narrative Review
Mortality  Ultra-processed foods and risk of all-cause mortality in renal transplant recipients.  Osté MCJ,et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 Apr 26.  Prospective Cohort
Associations of lower-carbohydrate and lower-fat diets with mortality among people with prediabetes.  Li L, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 Apr 14.  Cross-Sectional
Diet Quality A New Carbohydrate Food Quality Scoring System to Reflect Dietary Guidelines: An Expert Panel Report. Drewnowski A, et al. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 2. Methodology
Conflicts of interest for members of the U.S. 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee.  Mialon M, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2022 Mar 21.  Narrative Review
Current World Health Organization recommendation to reduce free sugar intake from all sources to below 10% of daily energy intake for supporting overall health is not well-supported by available evidence.  Yan RR, et al. J. Am J Clin Nutr. 2022 Apr 5.  Narrative Review
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Influence of an Educational Intervention on Eating Habits in School-Aged Children.  Menor-Rodriguez MJ, et al. JC.Children (Basel). 2022 Apr 17 Educational Intervention 
Physical Activity  Effect of a High Fat Diet vs. High Carbohydrate Diets With Different Glycemic Indices on Metabolic Parameters in Male Endurance Athletes: A Pilot Trial. Zdzieblik D, et al. Front Nutr. 2022 Apr 11.  RCT
Beyond the Calorie Paradigm: Taking into Account in Practice the Balance of Fat and Carbohydrate Oxidation during Exercise?  Brun JF, et al. J Nutrients. 2022 Apr 12.  Narrative Review
Mental Health, Cognition, & Behaviour Association of food groups with the risk of cognitive impairment in Chinese older adults. Xu M, et al. J Affect Disord. 2022 Apr 29.  Cross-Sectional
Association between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and depression and suicidal ideation among Korean adults: a cross-sectional study from the 2014 and 2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Kim J, et al. Nutr Res Pract. 2022 Apr.  Cross-Sectional
A Possible Antidepressive Effect of Dietary Interventions: Emergent Findings and Research Challenges. Ceolin G, et al. Curr Treat Options Psychiatry. 2022 Apr 23.  Narrative Review
Are dietary patterns becoming more processed? The effects of different dietary patterns on cognition: A review. Harriden B, et al. Nutr Health. 2022 Apr 21.  Narrative Review
Sugar addiction: An Achilles' heel of auto-immune diseases?  Zaiss DMW,et al. Cell Metab. 2022 Apr 5.  Commentary 
Food Composition & Reformulation  Sugar reduction methods and their application in confections: a review.  McKenzie E, et al. Food Sci Biotechnol. 2022 Apr.  Narrative Review
Food Labelling Scientific advice related to nutrient profiling for the development of harmonised mandatory front-of-pack nutrition labelling and the setting of nutrient profiles for restricting nutrition and health claims on foods. EFSA Panel on Nutrition, et al. EFSA J. 2022 Apr 19.  Position Paper 
Regulated nutrition claims increase perceived healthiness of an ultra-processed, discretionary toddler snack food and ultra-processed toddler milks: A discrete choice experiment.  McCann J, et al. Appetite. 2022 Apr 14.  RCT
Evaluation of the Mexican warning label nutrient profile on food products marketed in Mexico in 2016 and 2017: A cross-sectional analysis. Contreras-Manzano A, et al. PLoS Med. 2022 Apr 20.  Cross-Sectional
Other Topics Markers of respiratory function response to high-carbohydrate and high-fat intake in patients with lung diseases: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Guerra BA, et al. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2022 Apr 19.  SRMA
The role of high carbohydrate-rich food intake and severity of asthma exacerbation in children between 2 to 6 years aged. Antonio Buendía J, et al. J Asthma. 2022 Apr 17.  Cross-Sectional
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and mortality of chronic kidney disease: results from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2014. Ca.i XY, et al. Clin Kidney J. 2022 Apr Cross-Sectional