Latest Sugars-Related Research (2021)

CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is provided below: 

Time: At the end of each month
Database: PubMed
Search Terms:

((Sugar*[Title/Abstract] OR sucrose[Title/Abstract] OR added sugar*[Title/Abstract] OR beverage[Title/Abstract] OR soft drink*[Title/Abstract] OR soda[Title/Abstract] OR diet soda[Title/Abstract] OR sweet*[Title/Abstract] OR fructose[Title/Abstract] OR carbohydrate*[Title/Abstract] OR cola[Title/Abstract] OR SSB[Title/Abstract] OR honey[Title/Abstract] OR carbonated beverage*[Title/Abstract] OR energy drink*[Title/Abstract] OR fruit*[Title/Abstract]) AND (obes*[Title/Abstract] OR overweight[Title/Abstract] OR body mass index[Title/Abstract] OR BMI[Title/Abstract] OR weight gain[Title/Abstract] OR body weight*[Title/Abstract] OR waist circumference[Title/Abstract] OR body fat[Title/Abstract] OR adiposity[Title/Abstract] OR satiety[Title/Abstract] OR satiation[Title/Abstract] OR appetite[Title/Abstract] OR receptor[Title/Abstract] OR taste[Title/Abstract] OR postprandial[Title/Abstract] OR hormone[Title/Abstract] OR hunger[Title/Abstract] OR fullness[Title/Abstract] OR second meal[Title/Abstract] OR food intake[Title/Abstract] OR meal intake [Title/Abstract] OR cognition[Title/Abstract] OR brain[Title/Abstract] OR reward[Title/Abstract] OR food intake[Title/Abstract] OR hedonic[Title/Abstract] OR neuronal[Title/Abstract] OR sensitivity[Title/Abstract] OR addiction[Title/Abstract] OR hyperactive*[Title/Abstract] OR binge eating disorder[Title/Abstract] OR BED[Title/Abstract] OR behaviour* [Title/Abstract] OR insulin resistance[Title/Abstract] OR hyperinsulin*[Title/Abstract] OR diabet*[Title/Abstract] OR HbA1c[Title/Abstract] OR hemoglobin A, glycosylated[Title/Abstract] OR fructosamine[Title/Abstract] OR gly*albumin[Title/Abstract] OR glyc?em*[Title/Abstract] OR fatty liver*[Title/Abstract] OR NAFLD[Title/Abstract] OR NAFL[Title/Abstract] OR NASH[Title/Abstract] OR liver stenosis[Title/Abstract] OR liver cirrhosis[Title/Abstract] OR liver histology[Title/Abstract] OR liver fibrosis[Title/Abstract] OR liver intrahepatocellular lipid [Title/Abstract] OR triglycerides[Title/Abstract] OR lipids[Title/Abstract] OR fat[Title/Abstract] OR triacylglycerol[Title/Abstract] OR VLDL[Title/Abstract] OR low density lipoprotein[Title/Abstract] OR lip?emia[Title/Abstract] OR cholesterol[Title/Abstract] OR cardio*[Title/Abstract] OR heart disease[Title/Abstract] OR coronary disease[Title/Abstract] OR stroke[Title/Abstract] OR myocardial infarction[Title/Abstract] OR heart failure[Title/Abstract] OR peripheral arterial disease[Title/Abstract] OR hypertension[Title/Abstract] OR blood pressure [Title/Abstract] OR cancer[Title/Abstract] OR tumor[Title/Abstract] OR cancerogenic [Title/Abstract] OR dental caries[Title/Abstract] OR oral health[Title/Abstract] OR tooth[Title/Abstract] OR teeth[Title/Abstract] OR decay[Title/Abstract] OR tooth decay[Title/Abstract] OR physical activity[Title/Abstract] OR exercise[Title/Abstract] OR sport[Title/Abstract] OR energy [Title/Abstract] OR kidney[Title/Abstract] OR renal[Title/Abstract] OR nephropathy[Title/Abstract] OR uric acid[Title/Abstract] OR hyperuric*[Title/Abstract] OR gout[Title/Abstract] OR urate[Title/Abstract] OR uric[Title/Abstract] OR acne[Title/Abstract] OR skin[Title/Abstract] OR ageing [Title/Abstract] OR micronutrient dilution[Title/Abstract] OR vitamin*[Title/Abstract] OR mineral*[Title/Abstract] OR deficiency [Title/Abstract] OR glycaemic inde*[Title/Abstract] OR glycemic inde*[Title/Abstract] OR glycaemic load*[Title/Abstract] OR glycemic load* [Title/Abstract] OR inflammatory arthritis [Title/Abstract] OR microbiome [Title/Abstract] OR consumption[Title/Abstract] OR diet[Title/Abstract] OR nutrition [Title/Abstract] OR CRP[Title/Abstract] OR c-reactive protein[Title/Abstract])) AND (("xx"[Date - Publication] : "xx"[Date - Publication]))

Date of Publication: From the first to the last day of each month.

Selection criteria:
Read through each of the titles and abstracts to identify all studies conducted in humans that are related to sugars, carbohydrates in the context of diet, health and public policy.

To subscribe to the Sugars Digest monthly email broadcast, please contact flora.wang@sugar.ca

May 2021

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in May 2021, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
COVID-19 Low craving control predicts increased high energy density food intake during the COVID-19 lockdown: Result replicated in an Australian sample.  Buckland NJ et al. Appetite. 2021 May 25:105317.  Cross-Sectional Study
Cross-National Variations in COVID-19 Mortality: The Role of Diet, Obesity and Depression.  Rajkumar RP. Diseases. 2021 May 6;9(2):36.  Cross-Sectional Study
Obesity  Role of Dietary Factors, Food Habits, and Lifestyle in Childhood Obesity Development: A Position Paper From the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Committee on Nutrition.  Verduci E et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2021 May 1;72(5):769-783.  Position Paper
The effects of the form of sugar (solid vs. beverage) on body weight and fMRI activation: A randomized controlled pilot study.   Apolzan JW et al. PLoS One. 2021 May 17;16(5):e0251700.  RCT
Maternal Dietary Intake of Total Fat, Saturated Fat, and Added Sugar Is Associated with Infant Adiposity and Weight Status at 6 mo of Age.   Nagel EM et al. J Nutr. 2021 May 12:nxab101.  Prospective Cohort
The obesity treatment dilemma: Why dieting is both the answer and the problem? A mechanistic overview.  Monnier L et al. Diabetes Metab. 2021 May;47(3):101192.  Narrative Review
Novel dietary interventions for adolescents with obesity: A narrative review.  Hoare JK et al. Pediatr Obes. 2021 May 5:e12798.  Narrative Review
Carbohydrates, insulin, and obesity.  Speakman JR, Hall KD. Science. 2021 May 7;372(6542):577-578.  Editorial
Diabetes Higher Carbohydrate Amount and Lower Glycemic Index Increase Hunger, Diet Satisfaction, and Heartburn in Overweight and Obese Adults in the OmniCarb Randomized Clinical Trial.  Wu Y et al. J Nutr. 2021 May 28:nxab128.  RCT
Predictors of postprandial glycaemia, insulinaemia and insulin resistance in adolescents.  Williams RA et al. Br J Nutr. 2021 May 28;125(10):1101-1110.  RCT
Reducing Carbohydrate from Individual Sources Has Differential Effects on Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients on Moderate Low-Carbohydrate Diets.  Haimoto H et al. Diabetes Metab J. 2021 May;45(3):390-403.  Uncontrolled Intervention
Role of High Energy Breakfast "Big Breakfast Diet" in Clock Gene Regulation of Postprandial Hyperglycemia and Weight Loss in Type 2 Diabetes.  Jakubowicz D et al. Nutrients. 2021 May 5;13(5):1558.  Narrative Review
Low and very low carbohydrate diets for diabetes remission.  Goldenberg JZ, Johnston BC. BMJ. 2021 May 24;373:n262.  Editorial
Cardiovascular Disease Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Calcified Atherosclerotic Plaques in the Coronary Arteries: The NHLBI Family Heart Study.   Patel YR et al. Nutrients. 2021 May 22;13(6):1775.  Cross-Sectional
Association between Sugar Intake and Intima Media Thickness as a Marker for Atherosclerosis: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study (Sweden).  González-Padilla E et al. Nutrients. 2021 May 5;13(5):1555.  Cross-Sectional
Acute ingestion of a high-fructose drink impairs vascular autonomic modulation and reflex control of blood pressure in first-degree relatives of diabetic patients.  Dipp T et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2021 May 2:108793.  Case-Control
Cancer Consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages and breast cancer survival.  Farvid MS, Spence ND, Rosner BA et al. Cancer. 2021 May 4.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in adulthood and adolescence and risk of early-onset colorectal cancer among women.   Hur J et al. Gut. 2021 May 6:gutjnl-2020-323450.  Prospective Cohort
Associations of the dietary World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) recommendations with patient-reported outcomes in colorectal cancer survivors 2-10 years post-diagnosis: a cross-sectional analysis.  Kenkhuis MF et al. Br J Nutr. 2021 May 28;125(10):1188-1200.  Cross-Sectional
Do cancer survivors change their diet after cancer diagnosis?  Tan SY, Wong HY, Vardy JL. Support Care Cancer. 2021 May 24.  Cross-Sectional
Are sugar-sweetened beverages contributing to the rising occurrence of colorectal cancer in young adults?  Murphy N, Campbell PT, Gunter MJ. Gut. 2021 May 20:gutjnl-2021-324614.  Editorial
Dental Health Association of oral microbiota profile with sugar-sweetened beverages consumption in school-aged children.  Chen X, Hu X, Fang J et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2021 May 17:1-11.  Prospective Cohort
Bedtime Oral Hygiene Behaviours, Dietary Habits and Children's Dental Health.  Kitsaras G et al. Children (Basel). 2021 May 19;8(5):416.  Cross-Sectional
Associations Between Diet Quality and Dental Caries in Low-Income Women.  Sachdev PK et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2021 May 13:S2212-2672(21)00296-3.  Cross-Sectional
Children's oral health-related behaviours and early childhood caries: A latent class analysis.  Simancas-Pallares MA et al.Community Dent Oral Epidemiol.2021 May 13.  Cross-Sectional
[Reducing sugar consumption to improve oral health-which strategies are effective?]. Heilmann A et al. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz.  Narrative Review
Liver Health Soft drink consumption and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: results from the Tianjin Chronic Low-Grade Systemic Inflammation and Health (TCLSIH) cohort study.  Zhang S, Gu Y, Bian S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 May 8;113(5):1265-1274.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages are Associated with Increased Liver Stiffness and Steatosis Among Apparently Healthy Adults in the United States.  Leung CW et al.Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 May 28:S1542-3565(21)00591-7.  Cross-Sectional
Non-alcoholic fatty liver and chronic kidney disease: Retrospect, introspect, and prospect.  Heda R et al. World J Gastroenterol. 2021 May 7;27(17):1864-1882.  Narrative Review
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in obese children and adolescents: a role for nutrition?  Bonsembiante L, Targher G, Maffeis C.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2021 May 18.  Narrative Review
The interaction between the gut microbiota and dietary carbohydrates in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.  Park G, Jung S, Wellen KE, Jang C.Exp Mol Med. 2021 May;53(5):809-822.  Narrative Review
Other Health-Related Topics Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and bone health: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Ahn H, Park YK.Nutr J. 2021 May 5;20(1):41. SRMA
Is late bedtime an overlooked sleep behaviour? Investigating associations between sleep timing, sleep duration and eating behaviours in adolescence and adulthood.  Grummon AH et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 May;24(7):1671-1677.  Cross-Sectional
Fructose and metabolic diseases: too much to be good.  Shi YN et al. Chin Med J (Engl). 2021 May 18;134(11):1276-1285. Narrative Review
The Potential Roles of Very Low Calorie, Very Low Calorie Ketogenic Diets and Very Low Carbohydrate Diets on the Gut Microbiota Composition.  Rondanelli M et al. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2021 May 14;12:662591.  PNarrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment Investigating the performance of 24-h urinary sucrose and fructose as a biomarker of total sugars intake in US participants - a controlled feeding study.  Tasevska N et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 May 24:nqab158.  Cross-Sectional Study
Have socio-economic inequalities in sugar purchasing widened? A longitudinal analysis of food and beverage consumer data from British households, 2014-2017.  Berger N et al.Public Health Nutr. 2021 May;24(7):1583-1594. Market Analysis
Sugar Intake: Are All Children Made of Sugar?  Diani L, Forchielli ML.Life (Basel). 2021 May 14;11(5):444.  Cross-Sectional 
A Systematic Review of the Recent Consumption Levels of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in Children and Adolescents From the World Health Organization Regions With High Dietary-Related Burden of Disease.  Ooi JY et al. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2021 May 20:10105395211014642 SRMA
Effects of School-Based Interventions on Reducing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Chinese Children and Adolescents.  Zhu Z, Luo C, Qu S, et al. Nutrients. 2021 May 30;13(6):1862.  RCT
Metabolic Characterization of Meat, Fish, and Soda Intake in Males: Secondary Results from a Randomized Inpatient Pilot Study.  Mitchell CM et al. Obesity (Silver Spring).2021 Jun;29(6):995-1002. RCT
Co-Occurrence and Clustering of Sedentary Behaviors, Diet, Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, and Alcohol Intake among Adolescents and Adults: The Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS).  B Leme AC, Ferrari G, Fisberg RM et al. Nutrients. 2021 May 26;13(6):1809.  Cross-Sectional
Did imports of sweetened beverages to Pacific Island countries increase between 2000 and 2015?  Lo VYT, Sacks G, Gearon E, Bell C.BMC Nutr. 2021 May 20;7(1):13.  Market Analysis
Trends in junk food consumption among US children and adults, 2001-2018. Liu J, Lee Y, Micha R, Li Y, Mozaffarian D.Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 May 21:nqab129.  Cross-Sectional
Consumption of ultra-processed foods and non-communicable disease-related nutrient profile in Portuguese adults and elderly (2015-2016): the UPPER project.  Costa de Miranda R, et al. Br J Nutr. 2021 May 28;125(10):1177-1187.  Cross-Sectional 
Diet Quality How changes in menu quality associate with subsequent expenditure on (un)healthy foods and beverages in school cafeterias: A three-year longitudinal study.  Andretti B, Goldszmidt RB, Andrade EB.Prev Med. 2021 May;146:106456.  Prospective Cohort
Designing a healthy, low-cost and environmentally sustainable food basket: an optimisation study.  Eini-Zinab H et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 May;24(7):1952-1961.  Cross-Sectional
Healthy eating: a privilege for the better-off?  Alves R, Lopes C, Perelman J.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2021 May 13.  Cross-Sectional
Nutritional quality of the food choices of Canadian children.  Hack S, Jessri M, L'Abbé MR.BMC Nutr. 2021 May 29;7(1):16.  Cross-Sectional
Perspective: Defining Carbohydrate Quality for Human Health and Environmental Sustainability. Schulz R, Slavin J.Adv Nutr. 2021 May 5:nmab050.  Narrative Review
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Female sweet-likers have enhanced cross-modal interoceptive abilities.  Iatridi V et al. Appetite. 2021 May 6;165:105290.  Case-Control
Physical Activity  The effects of glucose-fructose co-ingestion on repeated performance during a day of intensified rugby union training in professional academy players. Hengist A et al. J Sports Sci. 2021 May;39(10):1144-1152.  RCT
Mouth Rinsing With a Pink Non-caloric, Artificially-Sweetened Solution Improves Self-Paced Running Performance and Feelings of Pleasure in Habitually Active Individuals.  Brown DR et al. Front Nutr. 2021 May 12;8:678105.eCollection 2021. RCT
Mental Health, Cognition, & Behaviour The impact of, and views on, school food intervention and policy in young people aged 11-18 years in Europe: A mixed methods systematic review.  Rose K et al. Obes Rev. 2021 May;22(5):e13186.  Systematic Review
Hedonic rating of sucrose is sub-regionally associated with striatal dopamine transporter in humans.  Pak K et al. Neuroendocrinology. 2021 May 25.  RCT
Effects of very low-carbohydrate vs. high-carbohydrate weight loss diets on psychological health in adults with obesity and type 2 diabetes: a 2-year randomized controlled trial.  Kakoschke N et al. Eur J Nutr. 2021 May 20.  RCT
Association Between Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and 100% Fruit Juice With Poor Mental Health Among US Adults in 11 US States and the District of Columbia.   Freije SL et al. Prev Chronic Dis. 2021 May 20;18:E51.  Cross-Sectional Study
Knowledge and Perceptions Sweet Talk: A Qualitative Study Exploring Attitudes towards Sugar, Sweeteners and Sweet-Tasting Foods in the United Kingdom.  Tang CS et al. Foods. 2021 May 24;10(6):1172. Exploratory Qualitative Study
Dietary Guidelines A Proposed Framework for Identifying Nutrients and Food Components of Public Health Relevance in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.  Bailey RL et al. .J Nutr. 2021 May 11;151(5):1197-1204.  Narrative Review
Fruit Juices: Are They Helpful or Harmful? An Evidence Review.  Ruxton CHS, Myers M. Nutrients. 2021 May 27;13(6):1815.  Narrative Review
Food Labelling Developing sugar-sweetened beverage warning labels for young adults.  Falbe J et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 May 21:1-24.  RCT
Can point-of-sale nutrition information encourage reduced preference for sugary drinks among adolescents?  Dixon H et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 May 21:1-28.  RCT

April 2021

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in April 2021, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
COVID-19 Diet and physical activity during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown (March-May 2020): results from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort study.  Deschasaux-Tanguy M et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Apr 6:nqaa336.  Prospective Cohort
Physical Activity Is Associated With Improved Eating Habits During the COVID-19 Pandemic.  Christofaro DGD et al. Front Psychol. 2021 Apr 12;12:664568.  Cross-Sectional Study
Composition and Nutritional Quality of the Diet in Spanish Households during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic.  Del Pozo de la Calle S et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 24;13(5):1443  Cross-Sectional Study
The influence of COVID-19-related stress on food motivation.  Smith KR et al. Appetite. 2021 Apr 2;163:105233  Cross-Sectional Study
Eating habits of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic: The impact of social isolation.  Teixeira MT et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2021 Apr 3  Cross-Sectional Study
Obesity  Longitudinal associations of fruit juice intake in infancy with DXA-measured abdominal adiposity in mid-childhood and early adolescence.  Wu AJ et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Apr 7:nqab043.  Prospective Cohort
Association Between Added Sugars from Infant Formulas and Rapid Weight Gain in US Infants and Toddlers.  Kong KL et al. J Nutr. 2021 Apr 20:nxab044.   Cross-Sectional Study
Obesity in Early Childhood: Examining the Relationship among Demographic, Behavioral, Nutritional, and Socioeconomic Factors.  Haboush-Deloye A et al. Child Obes. 2021 Apr 30.  Cross-Sectional Study
Dietary carbohydrates and weight loss maintenance.  van Baak MA et al. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2021 Apr 19  Narrative Review
Clinical Implications for Women of a Low-Carbohydrate or Ketogenic Diet With Intermittent Fasting.  Arbour MW et al. Nurs Womens Health. 2021 Apr;25(2):139-15.  Narrative Review
Obesity in Latin America, a scoping review of public health prevention strategies and an overview of their impact on obesity prevention.  Palacios C, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr 12:1-14.  Narrative Review
Food Preferences and Obesity.  Spinelli S, et al.Endocrinol Metab (Seoul). 2021 Apr;36(2):209-219 Narrative Review
Macronutrient Determinants of Obesity, Insulin Resistance and Metabolic Health.  Wali JA et al. Biology (Basel). 2021 Apr 16;10(4):336.  Narrative Review
The Low-Carbohydrate Diet: Short-Term Metabolic Efficacy Versus Longer-Term Limitations.  Moshtaghian H et al. Front Nutr. 2021 Mar 1;8:629815.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, weight gain, and risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in Asia: a systematic review.  Neelakantan N, et al. Nutr Rev. 2021 Apr 14:nuab010.  Systematic Review
Interactive effects of acute exercise and carbohydrate-energy replacement on insulin sensitivity in healthy adults.  Johnson-Bonson DA et al. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2021 Apr 8. RCT
The Association of Energy and Macronutrient Intake at Dinner Versus Breakfast With The Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Cohort Study: The China Health and Nutrition Survey, 1997-2011.  Ren X et al. J Diabetes. 2021 Apr 13. Prospective Cohort
Dietary Patterns with Healthy and Unhealthy Traits Among Overweight/Obese Hispanic Women with or at High Risk for Type 2 Diabetes.  Arias-Gastélum M et al. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2021 Apr;8(2):293-303.  Cross-Sectional Study
Executive summary: Updates to the dietary treatment of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus.  Pascual Fuster V. Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr. 2021 Apr;68(4):277-287.  Narrative Review
Cardiovascular Disease Biomarker-Calibrated Macronutrient Intake and Chronic Disease Risk among Postmenopausal Women.  Prentice RL et al. J Nutr. 2021 Apr 20:nxab091.  Prospective Cohort
Associations between dietary patterns and the incidence of total and fatal cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in 116,806 individuals from the UK Biobank: a prospective cohort study.  Gao M et al. BMC Med. 2021 Apr 22;19(1):83.  Prospective Cohort
Soft drinks and sweeteners intake: Possible contribution to the development of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. Beneficial or detrimental action of alternative sweeteners?  Schiano C et al. Food Res Int. 2021 Apr;142:110220.  Editorial
Cancer Efficacy of Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet as an Adjuvant Cancer Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.  Yang YF, et al; Nutrients. 2021 Apr 21;13(5):1388.  SRMA
The use of ketogenic diets in cancer patients: a systematic review.  Römer M et al. Clin Exp Med. 2021 Apr 3 Systematic Review
Soft drink and juice consumption and renal cell carcinoma incidence and mortality in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.  Krogh V et al. Cancer Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2021 Apr 13:cebp.1726.2020.  Prospective Cohort
Dental Health Oral health status, behaviours, food and beverage consumption of aboriginal children in Australia.  George A et al. Health Promot J Austr. 2021 Apr;32(2):208-215.  Prospective Cohort
Excess Risk of Dental Caries from Higher Free Sugars Intake Combined with Low Exposure to Water Fluoridation.  Ha DH, J Dent Res. 2021 Apr 24:220345211007747.  Cross-Sectional Study
Liver Health Effects of dietary macronutrients on liver fat content in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  Winters-van Eekelen E et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2021 Apr;75(4):588-601.  SRMA
Associations between Free Sugar and Sugary Beverage Intake in Early Childhood and Adult NAFLD in a Population-Based UK Cohort.  Sekkarie A et al. Children (Basel). 2021 Apr 8;8(4):290.  Prospective Cohort
Overview of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and the Role of Sugary Food Consumption and Other Dietary Components in Its Development. Vancells Lujan P et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 24;13(5):1442.  Narrative Review
The Role of Fructose in Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis: Old Relationship and New Insights.  Federico A et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 16;13(4):1314.  Narrative Review
Beyond weight loss in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: the role of carbohydrate restriction.  Risi R, Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2021 Apr 16 Narrative Review
Beverages and Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): Think before you drink.  Chhimwal J et al. Clin Nutr. 2021 Apr 18;40(5):2508-2519.  Narrative Review
Pregnancy & Lactation  Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Sleep Duration and Quality Among Pregnant Women.  Wang ML et al. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2021 Apr 13:S1499-4046(21)00079-8.  Cross-Sectional Study
Association of weight status and carbohydrate intake with gestational weight gain.  Callahan ML et al. Clin Obes. 2021 Apr 9:e12455.  Case-Control
Other Health-Related Topics Association between intake of sweetened beverages with all-cause and cause-specific mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis.    Li H et al. J Public Health (Oxf). 2021 Apr 9:fdab069.  SRMA
Association of sugary drink consumption with all-cause and cause-specific mortality: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study.  Huang HL et al. Prev Med. 2021 Apr 15;148:106561.  Prospective Cohort
Association of carbohydrate quality and all-cause mortality in the SUN Project: A prospective cohort study.  Fernandez-Lazaro CI et al. Clin Nutr. 2021 Apr;40(4):2364-2372.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar sweetened beverage consumption is positively associated with Klotho levels at two years of age in LatinX youth.  Villagomez S et al. BMC Nutr. 2021 Apr 23;7(1):22.  Prospective Cohort
Carbohydrate intake and risk of glaucoma in the sun cohort.  Moreno-Montañés J et al. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2021 Apr 25:11206721211012862.  Prospective Cohort
Metabolic syndrome and its relation to dietary patterns among a selected urbanised and semi-urbanised Tibetan population in transition from nomadic to settled living environment.   Peng W et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr;24(5):984-992.  Cross-Sectional
Upper-airway dysbiosis related to frequent sweets consumption increases the risk of asthma in children with chronic rhinosinusitis.  Majak P, et al. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2021 Apr;32(3):489-500.  Case-Control
Metabolism of sugars: A window to the regulation of glucose and lipid homeostasis by splanchnic organs.   Tappy L. Clin Nutr. 2021 Apr;40(4):1691-1698.  Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment Using Oral Microbiota Data to Design a Short Sucrose Intake Index.  Esberg A et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 21;13(5):1400.  Cross-Sectional Study
Free Sugars Consumption in Canada.  Rana H et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 27;13(5):1471.  Cross-Sectional Study
Food Consumption Pattern and the Intake of Sugar, Salt, and Fat in the South Jakarta City-Indonesia.  Andarwulan N et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 14;13(4):1289.  Cross-Sectional Study
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption from 1998-2017: Findings from the health behaviour in school-aged children/school health research network in Wales.  Morgan K, et al. PLoS One. 2021 Apr 14;16(4):e0248847.  Repeated Cross-Sectional
           Trends and patterns in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among children and adults by race and/or ethnicity, 2003-2018.        Voegtle E et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr 12:1-6.  Repeated Cross-Sectional    
 Twenty-Four-Year Trends in Family and Regional Disparities in Fruit, Vegetable and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Adolescents in Belgium.  Rouche M et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Apr 21;18(9):4408.  Repeated Cross-Sectional
Prevalence of Self-Reported Intake of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Among US Adults in 50 States and the District of Columbia, 2010 and 2015.  Chevinsky JR et al. Prev Chronic Dis. 2021 Apr 15;18:E35. Repeated Cross-Sectional
Consumption of carbonated soft drinks among Ghanaian adolescents: associations with socio-demographic factors, health risk factors and psychological distress.  Atorkey P et al. Nutr Health. 2021 Apr 1:260106021996933.  Cross-Sectional Study
Contribution of food groups to energy, grams and nutrients-to-limit: the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health/Estudio Latino Americano de Nutrición y Salud (ELANS).  Fisberg RM et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr 12:1-13.  Cross-Sectional Study
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Rewarding behavior with a sweet food strengthens its valuation.  Bauer JM et al. PLoS One. 2021 Apr 14;16(4):e0242461. RCT
Postprandial glycaemic dips predict appetite and energy intake in healthy individuals. Wyatt P et al. Nat Metab. 2021 Apr;3(4):523-529.  Prospective Cohort
Cognitive restraint directed at carbohydrates in individuals on low-carb diet with binge eating: the role of guilt about food cravings.  Oliveira J et al. Einstein (Sao Paulo). 2021 Apr 9;19:eAO5599 Cross-Sectional
Exiguous premeal saccharide intake reduces subsequent food intake in men.  Richter J et al. Eur J Nutr. 2021 Apr 23. Cross-Sectional
TAS1R2 Sweet Taste Receptor Genetic Variation and Dietary Intake in Korean Females.  Choi JH. Appetite. 2021 Apr 27:105281  Cross-Sectional
The Influence of Nutrition on Adiponectin-A Narrative Review.  Janiszewska J et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 21;13(5):1394.  Narrative Review
Physical Activity  Pre-Exercise Carbohydrate or Protein Ingestion Influences Substrate Oxidation but Not Performance or Hunger Compared with Cycling in the Fasted State.  Rothschild JA et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 14;13(4):1291.  RCT
A Single Bout of Premeal Resistance Exercise Improves Postprandial Glucose Metabolism in Obese Men with Prediabetes.  Bittel AJ et al. Nutrients. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2021 Apr 1;53(4):694-703.  RCT
Mental Health, Cognition, & Behaviour Cognitive performance, mood and satiety following ingestion of beverages imparting different glycaemic responses: a randomised double-blind crossover trial.  Deng Q et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2021 Apr;75(4):602-610.  RCT
Diets Varying in Carbohydrate Content Differentially Alter Brain Activity in Homeostatic and Reward Regions in Adults.  Holsen LM. J Nutr. 2021 Apr 14:nxab090.  RCT
A Comparison of Sugar Intake between Individuals with High and Low Trait Anxiety: Results from the NutriNet-Santé Study.  Kose J et al. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 30;13(5):1526.  Prospective Cohort
Unhealthy Food and Psychological Stress: The Association between Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Perceived Stress in Working-Class Young Adults.  Lopes Cortes M et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Apr 7;18(8):3863.  Cross-Sectional Study
Food Composition and Reformulation  Breakfast on the go: Evaluating the nutritional content of supermarket products.  Yip YL et al. Nutrition. 2021 Apr;84:111098.  Cross-Sectional Study
Assessing nutritional value of ready-to-eat breakfast cereals in the province of Quebec (Canada): a study from the Food Quality Observatory.  Perron J. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr 12:1-8.  Cross-Sectional Study
Sugar content and nutrient content claims of growing-up milks in Indonesia.  Pries AM et al. Matern Child Nutr. 2021 Apr 8:e13186.  Cross-Sectional Study
Food Labelling Efficiency of In-Store Interventions to Impact Customers to Purchase Healthier Food and Beverage Products in Real-Life Grocery Stores: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.  Slapø H et al. Foods. 2021 Apr 22;10(5):922.  SRMA
The impact of health warnings for sugar-sweetened beverages on consumer perceptions of advertising.  Hammond D et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr 12:1-13.  RCT
Visible sugar : Salient sugar information impacts health perception of fruit juices but only when motivated to be responsible and not when motivated to enjoy.  Sah A et al. Appetite. 2021 Apr 20;164:105262.  RCT
Communication Campaigns to Support the Use of Nutritional Warnings: Different Messages for Different People?  Ares G et al. Health Educ Behav. 2021 Apr 10:10901981211003510.   RCT
Designing warnings for sugary drinks: A randomized experiment with Latino parents and non-Latino parents.  Hall MG et al. Prev Med. 2021 Apr 18;148:106562.  RCT
The effect of on-shelf sugar labeling on beverage sales in the supermarket: a comparative interrupted time series analysis of a natural experiment.  Hoenink JC et al. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2021 Apr 6;18(1):49.  Pre- and Post-Policy Comparison
Nutrition and packaging characteristics of toddler foods and milks in Australia.  McCann JR et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Apr;24(5):1153-1165.  Cross-Sectional
Cost-effectiveness Analysis of Nutrition Facts Added-Sugar Labeling and Obesity-Associated Cancer Rates in the US.  Du M et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e217501.  Modelling Study

March 2021

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in March 2021, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
COVID-19 Diet and physical activity during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown (March-May 2020): results from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort study.  Deschasaux-Tanguy M et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar 1:nqaa336.  Prospective Cohort
The Impact of Lockdown During the COVID-19 Outbreak on Dietary Habits in Various Population Groups: A Scoping Review.   Bennett G, Young E, Butler I, Coe S. Front Nutr. 2021 Mar 4;8:626432. Narrative Review
Obesity  Effects of macronutrient intake in obesity: a meta-analysis of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on markers of the metabolic syndrome.   Willems AEM et al. Nutr Rev. 2021 Mar 9;79(4):429-444.  SRMA
Effect of a Free-Living Ketogenic Diet on Feasibility, Satiety, Body Composition, and Metabolic Health in Women: The Grading Level of Optimal Carbohydrate for Women (GLOW) Study.   Saenz C et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2021 Mar 11:1-12.  RCT
Changes in Added Sugar Intake and Body Weight in a Cohort of Older Australians: A Secondary Analysis of the Blue Mountains Eye Study.   Moshtaghian H et al. Front Nutr. 2021 Mar 1;8:629815.  RCT
Associations between indicators of energy intake and expenditure with excess weight and obesity among women in sedentary and less-sedentary jobs.   Torquati L et al. Prev Med. 2021 Mar 2;147:106507.  RCT
Associations between fruit juice and milk consumption and change in BMI in a large prospective cohort of U.S. adolescents and preadolescents.   Sakaki JR et al. Pediatr Obes. 2021 Mar 1:e12781.  Prospective Cohort
The Association between Portion Sizes from High-Energy-Dense Foods and Body Composition in European Adolescents: The HELENA Study.   Flieh SM et al. Nutrients. 2021 Mar 16;13(3):954.  Cross-Sectional Study
Dietary factors associated with being overweight and obese among school-going adolescents in Region One, The Gambia.   Tunkara-Bah H, Badjan HJ, Senghore T. Heliyon. 2021 Mar 14;7(3):e06486.  Cross-Sectional Study
Lifestyle Behaviors Associated With Body Fat Percent in 9- to 11-Year-Old Children.   Swindell N, Berridge D et al. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2021 Mar 25:1-8.  Cross-Sectional Study
A Comparative Study of International and Asian Criteria for Overweight or Obesity at Workplaces in Singapore.   Nazeha N et al. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2021 Mar 14:1010539521998855.  Cross-Sectional Study
Dietary Behaviors and Obesity of Children From Low-Income Households by Gender of Caregiver and Child.   Molitor F, Doerr C. Am J Health Promot. 2021 Mar;35(3):434-437.  Cross-Sectional Study
An Exploration of the Role of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage in Promoting Obesity and Health Disparities.   Sigala DM, Stanhope KL. Curr Obes Rep. 2021 Mar;10(1):39-52.  Narrative Review
Optimal Diet Strategies for Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance.   Kim JY. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2021 Mar 30;30(1):20-31.  Narrative Review
Dietary Carbohydrate, Energy Expenditure, and Weight Loss: Is Eating Less and Burning More Possible?   Magkos F, Astrup A. J Nutr. 2021 Mar 11;151(3):468-470.  Editorial
Diabetes Nocturnal whey protein ingestion impairs post-prandial glucose tolerance at breakfast.   Smith ES et al. Br J Nutr. 2021 Mar 28;125(6):669-677.  RCT
Ketogenic Diet as a Normal Way of Eating in Adults With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: A Qualitative Study.   Wong K et al. Can J Diabetes. 2021 Mar;45(2):137-143.e1 Cross-Sectional Study
An optimal glycemic load range is better for reducing obesity and diabetes risk among middle-aged and elderly adults.   He F et al. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2021 Mar 22;18(1):31.  Cross-Sectional Study
Cardiovascular Disease Longitudinal association of dietary carbohydrate and the risk cardiovascular disease: a dose-response meta-analysis.   Mohammadifard N et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2021 Mar 19:1-16.  SRMA
Associations of Intake of Free and Naturally Occurring Sugars from Solid Foods and Drinks with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in a Quebec Adult Population: The PREDISE (PRÉDicteurs Individuels, Sociaux et Environnementaux) Study.   Bergeron A et al. J Nutr. 2021 Mar 23:nxab042.  Cross-Sectional Study
Cancer Consumption of Artificially-sweetened Soft Drinks and Risk of Gastrointestinal Cancer: A Meta-analysis of Observational Studies.   Jatho A et al; Korean Meta-Analysis (KORMA) Study Group. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Mar 11:1-50.  SRMA
Sugar-Sweetened Soda Consumption and Total and Breast Cancer Mortality: The Western New York Exposures and Breast Cancer (WEB) Study.   Koyratty N et al. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2021 Mar 2:cebp.1242.2020.  Prospective Cohort
Simple sugar and sugar-sweetened beverage intake during adolescence and risk of colorectal cancer precursors: Adolescent sugar intake and colorectal polyp.  Joh HK et al. Gastroenterology. 2021 Mar 19:S0016-5085(21)00537-0.  Prospective Cohort
Dental Health Impact of Probiotics on the Salivary Microbiota and Salivary Levels of Inflammation-Related Proteins during Short-Term Sugar Stress: A Randomized Controlled Trial.   Lundtorp-Olsen C et al. Pathogens. 2021 Mar 25;10(4):392.  RCT
Liver Health Fructose- and sucrose- but not glucose-sweetened beverages promote hepatic de novo lipogenesis: A randomized controlled trial.   Geidl-Flueck B et al. J Hepatol. 2021 Mar 6:S0168-8278(21)00161-6.  RCT
Pregnancy & Lactation  Acute changes to breast milk composition following consumption of high-fat and high-sugar meals.   Ward E et al. Matern Child Nutr. 2021 Mar 3:e13168.  RCT
Using a Microsimulation of Energy Balance to Explore the Influence of Prenatal Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake on Child BMI.   Kasman M et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2021 Feb 22.  Prospective Cohort
Other Health-Related Topics Association of Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages or Artificially Sweetened Beverages with Mortality: A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies.   Zhang YB et al. Adv Nutr. 2021 Mar 31;12(2):374-383.  SRMA
Long-term dietary intake from infancy to late adolescence is associated with gut microbiota composition in young adulthood.   Oluwagbemigun K et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar 11;113(3):647-656.  Prospective Cohort
Association between asthma and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in the United States pediatric population.   Xie L, Atem F, Gelfand A, Delclos G, Messiah SE. J Asthma. 2021 Mar 10:1-8.  Cross-Sectional Study
Circulating inflammatory markers may mediate the relationship between low carbohydrate diet and circadian rhythm in overweight and obese women.   Tavakoli A et al. BMC Womens Health. 2021 Mar 1;21(1):87 Cross-Sectional Study
Associations between dietary consumption and sleep quality in young Japanese males.   Matsunaga T, Nishikawa K, Adachi T, Yasuda K. Sleep Breath. 2021 Mar;25(1):199-206.  Cross-Sectional Study
Relation between Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, and Macronutrient Intakes in Normal and Excessive Body Weight Adolescent Girls with Clinical Features of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.   Mizgier M et al. Nutrients. 2021 Mar 10;13(3):896.  Case-Control
Association between ultrapocessed food and chronic kidney disease.   Lou Arnal LM et al. Nefrologia. 2021 Mar 10:S0211-6995(21)00029-1.  Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment The Breath Carbon Isotope Ratio Reflects Short-term Added-Sugar Intake in a Dose-Response, Crossover Feeding Study of 12 Healthy Adults.   O'Brien DM et al. J Nutr. 2021 Mar 11;151(3):628-635 RCT
Exploring the risk factors for early-life sugar consumption: A birth cohort study.   Feldens CA et al. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2021 Mar;31(2):223-230.  Cross-Sectional Study
"OMG, I Get Like 100 Teaspoons of Sugar a Day!" Rural Teens' Grasp of Their Beverage Consumption Habits.  Lilo EA, West A. Int Q Community Health Educ. 2021 Mar 22:272684X211004928.  Case-Control
The carbon isotope ratios of nonessential amino acids identify sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumers in a 12-wk inpatient feeding study of 32 men with varying SSB and meat exposures.   Johnson JJ et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar 1:nqaa374.  RCT
Approach avoidance training to curb consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages - A pilot randomized controlled trial in healthy volunteers.   Voegtle E et al. Appetite. 2021 Mar 9;162:105194.  RCT
Thirsty? Choose Water! Encouraging Secondary School Students to choose water over sugary drinks. A descriptive analysis of intervention components.   Gowland-Ella J et al. Health Promot J Austr. 2021 Mar 14.  RCT
A Brief Motivational Intervention Differentially Reduces Sugar-sweetened Beverage (SSB) Consumption.   Mason AE et al. Ann Behav Med. 2021 Mar 29:kaaa123.  Cross-Sectional Study
Understanding Attitudes to Change to Healthier Hydration Habits: The Case of High Sugar: Low Water Drinkers in Mexico.   Mayer J et al. Ann Nutr Metab. 2021 Mar 26:1-10.  Cross-Sectional Study
Adolescents report low opposition towards policy options to reduce consumption of sugary drinks.   Miller CL, Dono J, Scully M, Morley B, Ettridge K. Pediatr Obes. 2021 Mar 18:e12775.  Cross-Sectional Study
[Prevalence and associated factors to energy drinks consumption among teenagers in the province of Barcelona (Spain)].   Oliver Anglès A et al. Gac Sanit. 2021 Mar-Apr;35(2):153-160.  Cross-Sectional Study
The Psychology of Desire and Implications for Healthy Hydration.   Papies EK. Ann Nutr Metab. 2021 Mar 26:1-6.  Narrative Review
Sex- and weight-specific changes in the frequency of sweet treat consumption during early adolescence: a longitudinal study.   Sohvi L, Elina E, Hely T, Kaija-Leena K, Heli V. Br J Nutr. 2021 Mar 31:1-21.  Prospective Cohort
Caribbean nutrition transition: what can we learn from dietary patterns in the French West Indies?  Colombet Z et al. Eur J Nutr. 2021 Mar;60(2):1111-1124.  Cross-Sectional Study
Changes in food intake from 1999 to 2012 among Mexican children and women.   Reyes-Garcia A, Stern D, Rivera-Dommarco J, Batis C. Br J Nutr. 2021 Mar 15:1-24.  Cross-Sectional Study
Describing a new food group classification system for UK biobank: analysis of food groups and sources of macro- and micronutrients in 208,200 participants.   Piernas C et al. Eur J Nutr. 2021 Mar 25.  Cross-Sectional Study
Energy, Macronutrients, Dietary Fibre and Salt Intakes in Older Adults in Ireland: Key Sources and Compliance with Recommendations.   Kehoe L, Walton J, McNulty BA, Nugent AP, Flynn A. Nutrients. 2021 Mar 8;13(3):876.  Cross-Sectional Study
Perceptions of a food benefit program that includes financial incentives for the purchase of fruits and vegetables and restrictions on the purchase of foods high in added sugar.   Fagbenro FA e al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Mar 12:1-24.  Cross-Sectional Study
Forbidding your cake and eating it too: health performance strategies in U.S. middle class families.  Graham L, Friedman J, Vega X. Soc Theory Health. 2021 Mar 8:1-23.  Cross-Sectional Study
Diet Quality & Nutrient Adequacy Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with lower quality of the non-SSB diet in US adolescents and young adults.   Doherty AM, Lacko AM, Popkin BM. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar 11;113(3):657-664. Cross-Sectional Study
Toward a healthy and sustainable diet in Mexico: where are we and how can we move forward?   Castellanos-Gutiérrez A et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar 1:nqaa411. Cross-Sectional Study
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Appetite-Regulating Hormones Are Reduced After Oral Sucrose vs Glucose: Influence of Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Sex.   Yunker AG et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2021 Mar 8;106(3):654-664.  RCT
Thermal taster status: Temperature modulation of cortical response to sweetness perception.  Eldeghaidy S et al. Physiol Behav. 2021 Mar 1;230:113266.  Cross-Sectional Study
Perspective: Measuring Sweetness in Foods, Beverages, and Diets: Toward Understanding the Role of Sweetness in Health.   Trumbo PR et al. Adv Nutr. 2021 Mar 31;12(2):343-354.  Narrative Review
A narrative review of highly processed food addiction across the lifespan.   Schiestl ET et al. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2021 Mar 2;106:110152.  Narrative Review
Physical Activity  Adiponectin/leptin ratio increases after a 12-week very low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet, and exercise training in healthy individuals: A non-randomized, parallel design study.   Cipryan L et al. Nutr Res. 2021 Mar;87:22-30.  RCT
Is a Four-Week Ketogenic Diet an Effective Nutritional Strategy in CrossFit-Trained Female and Male Athletes?   Durkalec-Michalski K et al. Nutrients. 2021 Mar 6;13(3):864.  RCT
Differences in preferred fat level, sweetener type, and amount of added sugar in chocolate milk in a choice task relate to physical activity and orthorexia.   Brodock JL, Hayes JE, Masterson TD, Hopfer H. Appetite. 2021 Mar 23:105214.  RCT
Carbohydrate Drink Use During 30 Minutes of Variable-Intensity Exercise Has No Effect on Exercise Performance in Premenarchal Girls.   Heidorn CE et al. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2021 Mar 25:1-5.  RCT
Sucrose-Sweetened Drinks Reduce the Physical Performance and Increase the Cardiovascular Risk in Physically Active Males.  Baleeiro RDS et al. J Nutr Metab. 2021 Mar 9;2021:6683657.  RCT
Whey protein consumption following fasted exercise reduces early postprandial glycaemia in centrally obese males: a randomised controlled trial.   Allerton DM, West DJ, Stevenson EJ. Eur J Nutr. 2021 Mar;60(2):999-1011.  RCT
Mental Health, Cognition, & Behaviour Energy and macronutrient intakes at breakfast and cognitive declines in community-dwelling older adults: a 9-year follow-up cohort study.   Shang X, Hill E, Li Y, He M. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar 1:nqaa403.  Prospective Cohort
The influence of diet quality on depression among adults and elderly: A population-based study.   Meller FO, Manosso LM, Schäfer AA. J Affect Disord. 2021 Mar 1;282:1076-1081.  Cross-Sectional Study
Food Composition and Reformulation  A Proposed Framework for Identifying Nutrients and Food Components of Public Health Relevance in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.   Bailey RL et al. J Nutr. 2021 Mar 9:nxaa459.  Narrative Review
Food Labelling Consumers' decisions to access or avoid added sugars information on the updated Nutrition Facts label.   Kim EJ et al. PLoS One. 2021 Mar 29;16(3):e0249355.  RCT
Do nutritional warnings encourage healthier choices on food ordering websites? An exploratory experimental study in Uruguay.   Gugliucci V et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Mar 8:1-5.  RCT
Exploring the main and moderating effects of individual-level characteristics on consumer responses to sugar taxes and front-of-pack nutrition labels in an experimental marketplace.   Acton RB, Kirkpatrick SI, Hammond D. Can J Public Health. 2021 Mar 25.  RCT
Impact of warning labels on reducing health halo effects of nutrient content claims on breakfast cereal packages: A mixed-measures experiment.   Mediano Stoltze F et al. Appetite. 2021 Mar 28;163:105229.  RCT
Provision of information on the amount of sugar in processed foods.   Japur CC et al. Cien Saude Colet. 2021 Mar;26(3):1153-1162.  Cross-Sectional Study
[Position statement on the definition of added sugars and their declaration on the labelling of foodstuffs in Spain].   Gil Hernández Á, Urrialde R, Varela Moreiras G. Nutr Hosp. 2021 Mar 15.  Narrative Review
Perspective: How to Develop Nutrient Profiling Models Intended for Global Use: A Manual.   Drewnowski A, Amanquah D, Gavin-Smith B. Adv Nutr. 2021 Mar 16:nmab018.  Narrative Review

February 2021

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in February 2021, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
COVID-19 COVID-19 stress and eating and drinking behaviors in the United States during the early stages of the pandemic. Cummings JR et a. Appetite. 2021 Feb 12;162:105163l.  Cross-Sectional Study
Obesity  Association between sugar-sweetened beverages and waist circumference in adult populations: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.   Ardeshirlarijani E et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2021 Feb;41:118-125.  SRMA
[Ultra-processed food consumption and obesity-a systematic review].   Martí Del Moral A et al. Nutr Hosp. 2021 Feb 23;38(1):177-185.  Systematic Review 
Association of dietary patterns with blood pressure and body adiposity in adolescents: a systematic review.   Neves MEA et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2021 Feb 2.  Systematic Review
Causal relationship between dietary macronutrient composition and anthropometric measures: A bidirectional two-sample Mendelian randomization analysis.   Freuer D et al. Clin Nutr. 2021 Feb 8:S0261-5614(21)00075-3.  RCT
Early childhood factors associated with obesity at age 8 in Vietnamese children: The Young Lives Cohort Study.   Nguyen T et al. BMC Public Health. 2021 Feb 5;21(1):301.  Prospective Cohort
Social Jetlag Is Associated with the Frequency of Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and a High BMI Percentile in Adolescents: Results of the Cross-Sectional Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study.   Cetiner O et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2021 Feb 27:S2212-2672(21)00064-2.  Cross-Sectional Study
Sweet taste and obesity.   Ribeiro G et al. Eur J Intern Med. 2021 Feb 13:S0953-6205(21)00023-6.  Narrative Review
Impact of carbohydrates, fat and energy density on energy intake.   Stubbs RJ. Nat Med. 2021 Feb;27(2):200-201.  Narrative Review
Dietary Carbohydrate, Energy Expenditure, and Weight Loss: Is Eating Less and Burning More Possible?   Magkos F, Astrup A. J Nutr. 2021 Feb 9:nxaa423. Narrative Review
Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Prevention Focused on Normalization of Glycemia: A Two-Year Pilot Study.  McKenzie AL et al. Nutrients. 2021 Feb 26;13(3):749.  RCT
Low-carbohydrate dietary pattern on glycemic outcomes trial (ADEPT) among individuals with elevated hemoglobin A1c: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.   Dorans KS et al. Trials. 2021 Feb 1;22(1):108.  RCT
Effects of Meal Fructose/Glucose Composition on Postprandial Glucose Appearance and Hepatic Glycogen Synthesis in Healthy Subjects.   Barosa C et al. J Clin Med. 2021 Feb 5;10(4):596.  RCT
A low-carbohydrate dietary pattern characterised by high animal fat and protein during the first trimester is associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in Chinese women: A prospective cohort study.   Dong H et al. Br J Nutr. 2021 Feb 18:1-22. PROSPECTIVE  Prospective Cohort Study
Measurement of Available Carbohydrates in Cereal and Cereal Products, Dairy Products, Vegetables, Fruit and Related Food Products and Animal Feeds: First Action 2020.07.   McCleary BV, McLoughlin C. J AOAC Int. 2021 Feb 5:qsab019.  Cross-Sectional Study
Nutrition Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.   Kapur K et al. Ann Nutr Metab. 2021 Feb 1:1-13.  Narrative Review
Executive summary: Updates to the dietary treatment of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus.   Pascual Fuster V et al. Clin Investig Arterioscler. 2021 Feb 18:S0214-9168(21)00002-4.  Narrative Review
Cardiovascular Disease Intake of Sugar-Sweetened and Low-Calorie Sweetened Beverages and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.   Yin J et al. Adv Nutr. 2021 Feb 1;12(1):89-101.  SRMA
The association between Sugars Sweetened Beverages (SSBs) and lipid profile among children and youth: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies.   Nikniaz L et al. Pediatr Obes. 2021 Feb 24:e12782.  SRMA
The acute and postprandial effects of sugar moiety on vascular and metabolic health outcomes in adolescents.   Koep J et al. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2021 Feb 17.  RCT
A Pilot Study Comparing the Effects of Consuming 100% Orange Juice or Sucrose-Sweetened Beverage on Risk Factors for Cardiometabolic Disease in Women.   Price CA et al. Nutrients. 2021 Feb 26;13(3):760.  RCT
Sugar-Sweetened Soft Drink Consumption Acutely Decreases Spontaneous Baroreflex Sensitivity and Heart Rate Variability.   Chapman CL et al. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2021 Feb 3. RCT
Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality.   Jenkins DJA et al; PURE Study Investigators. N Engl J Med. 2021 Feb 24.  Narrative Review
Cancer Consumption of Sweet Beverages and Cancer Risk. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.   Llaha F et al. Nutrients. 2021 Feb 4;13(2):516.  SRMA
Sugary Drink Consumption and Subsequent Colorectal Cancer Risk: The Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Cohort Study.   Leung CY et al; JPHC Study Group. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2021 Feb 9.  Prospective Cohort
Dental Health Effect of sugar-sweetened beverages on oral health: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Valenzuela MJ et al. Eur J Public Health. 2021 Feb 1;31(1):122-129.  SRMA
Association of Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference With Dental Caries and Consequences of Untreated Dental Caries Among 12- to 14-Year-old Boys: A Cross-Sectional Study.   Gudipaneni RK et al. Int Dent J. 2021 Feb 20:S0020-6539(21)00011-3.  Cross-Sectional Study
High abundance of sugar metabolisers in saliva of children with caries.   Manzoor M et al. Sci Rep. 2021 Feb 24;11(1):4424.  Narrative Review
Liver Health Effects of fructose restriction on liver steatosis (FRUITLESS); a double-blind randomized controlled trial.  Simons N et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Feb 2;113(2):391-400.  RCT
Efficacy of Dietary Manipulations for Depleting Intrahepatic Triglyceride Content: Implications for the Management of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.  Sandby K et al. Curr Obes Rep. 2021 Feb 13.  RCT
Associations Between Intake of Sugar-Containing Beverages in Infancy With Liver Fat Accumulation at School Age.  Geurtsen ML et al. Hepatology. 2021 Feb;73(2):560-570.  Prospective Cohort
Soft drink consumption and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: results from the Tianjin Chronic Low-Grade Systemic Inflammation and Health (TCLSIH) cohort study.  Zhang S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Feb 10:nqaa380.  Prospective Cohort
Fructose and Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis.  Zhang S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Feb 10:nqaa380.  Narrative Review
Liver fat storage pathways: methodologies and dietary effects.  Roumans KHM et al. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2021 Feb 1;32(1):9-15.  Narrative Review
To Juice or Not to Juice: Fatty Liver Repercussions for Infants.  Di Guglielmo MD, Perito ER. Hepatology. 2021 Feb;73(2):483-485.  Narrative Review
Pregnancy & Lactation  Using a Microsimulation of Energy Balance to Explore the Influence of Prenatal Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake on Child BMI.   Kasman M et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2021 Feb 22.  Prospective Cohort
Other Health-Related Topics Causal effects of relative fat, protein, and carbohydrate intake on chronic kidney disease: a Mendelian randomization study.   Park S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Feb 10:nqaa379.   RCT
Age difference in the combined effect of soda drinks consumption and body adiposity on hyperuricaemia in US adults.   Lin WT et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Feb 5:1-13.  Cross-Sectional Study
Association between asthma and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in the United States pediatric population.  Xie L et al. J Asthma. 2021 Feb 24:1-11.  Cross-Sectional Study
Influence of family history, body mass index, selected dietary factors, personal habits, and menstrual history on oily skin in young women.   Yang Z et al. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Feb 25.  Case-Control
The metabolic impact of small intestinal nutrient sensing.   Duca FA et al. Nat Commun. 2021 Feb 10;12(1):903.  Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment Using behavioural insights to reduce sugar in primary school children's packed lunches in derby; A cluster randomised controlled trial Bunten A et al. Appetite. 2021 Feb 1;157:104987.  RCT
Impact of a nutrition education programme on free sugar intake & nutrition-related knowledge in fifth-grade schoolchildren.   Winzer E et al. Eur J Public Health. 2021 Feb 1;31(1):136-142.  Prospective Case-Control
World trends in sugar-sweetened beverage and dietary sugar intakes in children and adolescents: a systematic review.   Della Corte K et al. Nutr Rev. 2021 Feb 11;79(3):274-288. Systematic Review
Secular Trends in Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Among Adults, Teens, and Children: The California Health Interview Survey, 2011-2018.   Lee MM et al. Prev Chronic Dis. 2021 Feb 18;18:E12.  Cross-Sectional Study
Global Dietary Database 2017: data availability and gaps on 54 major foods, beverages and nutrients among 5.6 million children and adults from 1220 surveys worldwide.   Miller V et al. BMJ Glob Health. 2021 Feb;6(2):e003585.  Systematic Review
A Genome-wide Association Study on Confection Consumption in a Japanese Population- The Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort study.   Suzuki T et al; J-MICC Research Group. Br J Nutr. 2021 Feb 26:1-37.  Prospective Cohort
Dietary patterns and intrinsic capacity among community-dwelling older adults: a 3-year prospective cohort study.   Huang CH et al. Eur J Nutr. 2021 Feb 17.  Prospective Cohort
Dietary patterns and food insecurity of students participating in a food aid programme: the Mediterranean perspective.   Kastorini CM et al; DIATROFI Program Research Team. Eur J Public Health. 2021 Feb 1;31(1):143-150.  Cross-Sectional Study
Diet Quality & Nutrient Adequacy Correlates of a southern diet pattern in a national cohort study of blacks and whites: the REGARDS study.   Couch CA et al. Br J Nutr. 2021 Feb 26:1-24.  Prospective Cohort
Trends in food consumption by degree of processing and diet quality over 17 years: Results from the Framingham Offspring Study.   Juul F et al. Br J Nutr. 2021 Feb 19:1-29.  Prospective Cohort
Ten-year changes in diet quality among adolescents and young adults (Food Consumption Survey 2004 and 2014, Belgium).   Desbouys L et al. Eur J Nutr. 2021 Feb 11.  Cross-Sectional Study
Examining commonalities and differences in food groups, nutrients, and diet quality among popular diets.   Turner-McGrievy G et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2021 Feb;41:377-385.  Narrative Review
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Changes in subjective measures of appetite during 6 months of alternate day fasting with a low carbohydrate diet.   Kalam F et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2021 Feb;41:417-422.  RCT
Associations between opioid dependence and sweet taste preference.   Garfield JBB, Lubman DI. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2021 Feb 1.  Cross-Sectional Study
The concept of "food addiction" helps inform the understanding of overeating and obesity: YES.  Gearhardt AN, Hebebrand J. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Feb 2;113(2):263-267.  Narrative Review
Physical Activity  Coingestion of Carbohydrate and Protein on Muscle Glycogen Synthesis after Exercise: A Meta-analysis.   Margolis LM et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2021 Feb 1;53(2):384-393.  SRMA
High-Fat Ketogenic Diets and Physical Performance: A Systematic Review.   Murphy NE et al. Adv Nutr. 2021 Feb 1;12(1):223-233.  Systematic Review
Assessing Overall Exercise Recovery Processes Using Carbohydrate and Carbohydrate-Protein Containing Recovery Beverages.   Russo I et al. Front Physiol. 2021 Feb 4;12:628863.  RCT
Carbohydrate restriction following strenuous glycogen-depleting exercise does not potentiate the acute molecular response associated with mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal  Ramos C et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2021 Feb 10.  RCT
Carbohydrate supplementation during a simulated 10-km open water swimming race: effects on physiological, perceptual parameters and performance.   Baldassarre R et al. Eur J Sport Sci. 2021 Feb 21:1-9.  RCT
Exogenous carbohydrate and regulation of muscle carbohydrate utilisation during exercise.   Malone JJ et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2021 Feb 5 Narrative Review
  Carbohydrate supplementation during a simulated 10-km open water swimming race: effects on physiological, perceptual parameters and performance.   Baldassarre R et al. Eur J Sport Sci. 2021 Jan 25:1-18.  RCT
Mental Health, Cognition, & Behaviour Acute diet soda consumption alters brain responses to food cues in humans: A randomized, controlled, cross-over pilot study.  Farr OM. Nutr Health. 2021 Feb 15:260106021993753.  RCT
Evidence of a Role for the Hippocampus in Food-Cue Processing and the Association with Body Weight and Dietary Added Sugar.   Jones S et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2021 Feb;29(2):370-378.  RCT
Dietary Patterns are Differentially Associated with Atypical and Melancholic Subtypes of Depression.   Lasserre AM et al. Nutrients. 2021 Feb 26;13(3):768 Prospective Cohort
Food Composition and Reformulation  The effect of messaging on the acceptance of swaps to reduce the energy content of snacks and non-alcoholic drinks ordered in an experimental online workplace canteen: A randomised controlled trial.   Breathnach S et al. Appetite. 2021 Feb 23;162:105171.  RCT
An assessment of nutrition information on front of pack labels and healthiness of foods in the United Kingdom retail market.  Ogundijo DA et al. BMC Public Health. 2021 Feb 8;21(1):220.  Cross-Sectional Study
Back in Time for Breakfast: An Analysis of the Changing Breakfast Cereal Aisle.   Croisier E et al. Nutrients. 2021 Feb 2;13(2):489.  Cross-Sectional Study
[Update about reformulated beverages with less and free sugars for Spain and Portugal].   Urrialde R. Nutr Hosp. 2021 Jan 13;37(Spec No2):28-33.  Narrative Review
Potential contributions of the methodology to the variability of glycaemic index of foods.   Flavel M, Jois M, Kitchen B. World J Diabetes. 2021 Feb 15;12(2):108-123.  Narrative Review

January 2021 

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in January 2021, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
COVID-19 Changes in diet quality and food security among adults during the COVID-19-related early lockdown: results from NutriQuébec.  Lamarche B et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Jan 5:nqaa363.  Prospective Cohort
Health behaviour change during the UK COVID-19 lockdown: Findings from the first wave of the C-19 health behaviour and well-being daily tracker study.  Naughton F et al.. Br J Health Psychol. 2021 Jan 6.  Prospective Cohort
Eating in the lockdown during the Covid 19 pandemic; self-reported changes in eating behaviour, and associations with BMI, eating style, coping and health anxiety.  Coulthard H et al.. Appetite. 2021 Jan 18:105082.  Cross-Sectional Study
COVID-19-Related Quarantine Effect on Dietary Habits in a Northern Italian Rural Population: Data from the Brisighella Heart Study.  Cicero AFG et al., The Brisighella Heart Study Group. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 22;13(2):309.  Cross-Sectional Study
Parental stress, food parenting practices and child snack intake during the COVID-19 pandemic.   Jansen E et al.. Appetite. 2021 Jan 12;161:105119.  Cross-Sectional Study
Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on glycemic control in children and adolescents.  Al Agha AE et al.. Saudi Med J. 2021 Jan;42(1):44-48.  Cross-Sectional Study
Diet, Nutrition, Obesity, and Their Implications for COVID-19 Mortality: Development of a Marginalized Two-Part Model for Semicontinuous Data.  Kamyari N et al.. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2021 Jan 26;7(1):e22717.  Ecological Study
Altered Cholesterol and Lipid Synthesis Mediates Hyperinflammation in COVID-19.  Sohrabi Y et al.. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2021 Jan 8:S1043-2760(21)00001-1.  Commentary
Could diet and exercise reduce risk of COVID-19 syndemic?  Chesnut WM et al. Med Hypotheses. 2021 Jan 24;148:110502.  Commentary
Reinventing health promotion for healthy default beverage laws in the face of COVID-19.  McGurk MD et al. Glob Health Promot. 2021 Jan 22:1757975920986696.  Commentary
Obesity  Effect of low-carbohydrate diet on adiponectin level in adults: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.   Shemirani F et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2021 Jan 18:1-10.  SRMA
Effect of a plant-based, low-fat diet versus an animal-based, ketogenic diet on ad libitum energy intake.   Hall KD et al. Nat Med. 2021 Jan 21.  RCT
Obesogenic home food availability, diet, and BMI in Pakistani and White toddlers.   LeCroy MN et al. Matern Child Nutr. 2021 Jan 19:e13138.  Prospective Cohort
Prospective Association between Dietary Patterns and BMI z-score in Brazilian Adolescents.   Arruda Neta ADCP et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Jan 21:1-24.  Prospective Cohort
Association of infant diet with subsequent obesity at 2-5 years among children exposed to gestational diabetes: the SWIFT study.   Vandyousefi S et al. Diabetologia. 2021 Jan 26.  Prospective Cohort
Relationship of BMI with Junk Food, sleep pattern, exam performance and awareness about its ill health effects in healthy teenagers.   Tariq S et al. J Pak Med Assoc. 2021 Jan;71(1(A)):59-63.  Cross-Sectional Study
Low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets in body weight control: A recurrent plaguing issue of fad diets?  Schutz Y et al. Obes Rev. 2021 Jan 20:e13195.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Insulinemic and Inflammatory Dietary Patterns Show Enhanced Predictive Potential for Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Postmenopausal Women.  Jin Q et al. Diabetes Care. 2021 Jan 8:dc202216.  Prospective Cohort
The Prevalence of Insulin Resistance and the Associated Risk Factors in a Sample of 14-18-Year-Old Slovak Adolescents.  Jurkovičová J et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jan 21;18(3):909.  Cross-Sectional Study
Carbohydrate restriction for diabetes: rediscovering centuries-old wisdom.  Lennerz BS et al. J Clin Invest. 2021 Jan 4;131(1):e142246.  Cross-Sectional Study
Measuring the global, regional, and national burden of type 2 diabetes and the attributable risk factors in all 194 countries.  Yu M et al. J Diabetes. 2021 Jan 24.  Cross-Sectional Study
Medical Management of Children with Type 1 Diabetes on Low Carbohydrate or Ketogenic Diets.  Rydin AA et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2021 Jan 19. Narrative Review
Cardiovascular Disease Effect of fructose instead of glucose or sucrose on cardiometabolic markers: a systematic review and meta-analysis of isoenergetic intervention trials.   Fattore E et al. Nutr Rev. 2021 Jan 9;79(2):209-226.  SRMA
Dietary exposures in childhood and adulthood and cardiometabolic outcomes: a systematic scoping review.   Lukomskyj N et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2021 Jan 6.  Systematic Review
Contribution of insulin resistance to the relationship between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and a constellation of cardiometabolic abnormalities in adolescents.   Wu PW et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2021 Jan 20.  Cross-Sectional Study
Dietary Patterns, Blood Pressure and the Glycemic and Lipidemic Profile of Two Teenage, European Populations.   Kafyra M et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 10;13(1):198.  Cross-Sectional Study
Cardio-metabolic consequences of dietary carbohydrates: reconciling contradictions using nutritional geometry.   Wali JA et al. Cardiovasc Res. 2021 Jan 21;117(2):386-401. Narrative Review
Cancer Low-carbohydrate diets and the risk of pancreatic cancer: a large prospective cohort study.   Zhong GC et al. Carcinogenesis. 2021 Jan 22:bgab006. Prospective Cohort
Development and validation of a lifestyle-based model for colorectal cancer risk prediction: the LiFeCRC score.   Aleksandrova K et al. BMC Med. 2021 Jan 4;19(1):1.  Prospective Cohort
Association of Total Dietary Intake of Sugars with Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Concentrations: Evidence from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2003-2010.   Liu Z et al. Biomed Res Int. 2021 Jan 9;2021:4140767.  Cross-Sectional Study
A review of lifestyle and environment risk factors for pancreatic cancer.   Zanini S et al. Eur J Cancer. 2021 Jan 7;145:53-70.  Cross-Sectional Study
Microbiome as Mediator of Diet on Colorectal Cancer Risk: The Role of Vitamin D, Markers of Inflammation and Adipokines.   Serrano D et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 25;13(2):363.  Narrative Review
Dental Health Community-based sugar-sweetened beverage intervention associated with short-term improvements in self-rated oral health.   Wang ML et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2021 Jan 3.  RCT
Evaluation of the risk factors of dental caries in children with very low birth weight and normal birth weight.  Koberova R et al. BMC Oral Health. 2021 Jan 7;21(1):11.  Prospective Cohort
Oral health status of 12-year-old children in Lisu minority ethnic group in China: a cross-sectional study.  Chen KJ et al. BMC Oral Health. 2021 Jan 12;21(1):27.  Cross-Sectional Study
Nutrition as a Key Modifiable Factor for Periodontitis and Main Chronic Diseases.  Martinon P et al. J Clin Med. 2021 Jan 7;10(2):197.  Narrative Review
The Role of Sugar-Rich Diet and Salivary Proteins in Dental Plaque Formation and Oral Health.   Benahmed AG et al. J Oral Biosci. 2021 Jan 23:S1349-0079(21)00011-6.  Narrative Review
Liver Health Effect of dietary carbohydrate and lipid modification on clinical and anthropometric parameters in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Garcêz LS et al. Nutr Rev. 2021 Jan 29:nuaa146.  SRMA
Relevance of fructose intake in adolescence for fatty liver indices in young adulthood.  Perrar I et al. Eur J Nutr. 2021 Jan 19.  Prospective Cohort
Dietary and sociodemographic factors associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver in obese pediatric patients.  León-Plascencia M et al. Rev Gastroenterol Mex. 2021 Jan 8:S0375-0906(20)30134-8.  Cross-Sectional Study
Sleep disruption in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: What is the role of lifestyle and diet?  Akram ST et al. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Jan 18.  Cross-Sectional Study
Gut Health Assessment of a 4-Week Starch- and Sucrose-Reduced Diet and Its Effects on Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Inflammatory Parameters among Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome.  Nilholm C et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 28;13(2):416.  RCT
Long-term dietary intake from infancy to late adolescence is associated with gut microbiota composition in young adulthood.  Oluwagbemigun K et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Jan 20:nqaa340.  Prospective Cohort
Pregnancy & Lactation  Maternal diet and offspring telomere length: a systematic review.  Habibi N et al. Nutr Rev. 2021 Jan 9;79(2):148-159.  Systematic Review
Is soft drink consumption associated with gestational hypertension? Results from the BRISA cohort.  Barbosa JMA et al. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2021 Jan 22;54(1):e10162.  Prospective Cohort
Predictors of Gestational Weight Gain Examined As a Continuous Outcome: A Prospective Analysis.  Yu ZM et al. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Jan 13 Prospective Cohort
Maternal consumption of artificially sweetened beverages during pregnancy is associated with infant gut microbiota and metabolic modifications and increased infant body mass index.  Laforest-Lapointe I et al. Gut Microbes. 2021 Jan-Dec;13(1):1-15.  Prospective Cohort
Added sugar intake during pregnancy: Fetal behavior, birth outcomes, and placental DNA methylation.  Trumpff C et al. Dev Psychobiol. 2021 Jan 7 Prospective Cohort
Other Health-Related Topics Sugar- and artificially-sweetened beverages and the risks of chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.  Lo WC et al. J Nephrol. 2021 Jan 27.  SRMA
Associations of Dietary Intake on Biological Markers of Inflammation in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review.  Bujtor M et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 25;13(2):356.  Systematic Review
Diet and acne: review of the evidence from 2009 to 2020.  Dall'Oglio F et al. Int J Dermatol. 2021 Jan 18.  Systematic Review
Alternate Day Fasting Combined with a Low Carbohydrate Diet: Effect on Sleep Quality, Duration, Insomnia Severity and Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults with Obesity.  Kalam F et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 13;13(1):211. doi: 10.3390/nu13010211.  RCT
Fructose and high fructose corn syrup: are they a two-edged sword?  Khorshidian N et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2021 Jan 26:1-23.  Narrative Review
Dietary Fructose as a model to explore the influence of peripheral metabolism on brain function and plasticity.  Gomez-Pinilla F et al. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis. 2021 Jan 25:166036.  Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment Dietary intakes, sources, and determinants of free sugars amongst Lebanese children and adolescents: findings from two national surveys.   Jomaa L et al. Eur J Nutr. 2021 Jan 2.  Cross-Sectional Study
Health behavior patterns of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Brazilian adolescents in a nationally representative school-based study.   Rocha LL et al. PLoS One. 2021 Jan 7;16(1):e0245203.  Cross-Sectional Study
Intentions to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption: the importance of perceived susceptibility to health risks.   Dono J et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Jan 21:1-23.  Cross-Sectional Study
Water Drinking and its Correlation with Beverage Consumption in Korean Adolescents.   Ah Han M. Am J Health Behav. 2021 Jan 1;45(1):152-160.  Cross-Sectional Study
Tiered intake assessment for low- and no-calorie sweeteners in beverages.   Tran NL et al. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2021 Jan 15:1-15.  Cross-Sectional Study
Younger Adults Are More Likely to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Decrease Sugar Intake with the Application of Dietary Monitoring.   Chung LMY et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 23;13(2):333. RCT
Adherence to food based dietary guidelines among adolescents in Germany according to socioeconomic status and region - Results from EsKiMo II.   Brettschneider AK et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Jan 11:1-26 Cross-Sectional Study
Does temperament make children differently susceptible to their home physical food environment? A cross-sectional DAGIS study on 3-6 year old Finnish children's food consumption.   Pajulahti R et al. Appetite. 2021 Jan 29:105140.  Cross-Sectional Study
[Analysis of sweet snack eating habits and lifestyle using a health check for toddlers].   Sasaki K et al. 2021 Jan 30;68(1):12-22.  Cross-Sectional Study
The Educational Gradient in Intake of Energy and Macronutrients in the General Adult and Elderly Population: The Tromsø Study 2015-2016.   Nilsen L et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 28;13(2):405.  Cross-Sectional Study
Students choosing fat-free chocolate milk during school lunch consume more calories, total sugar, protein, minerals and vitamins at lunch.   Peckham JG et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Jan 14:1-23.  Cross-Sectional Study
Evaluating the African food supply against the nutrient intake goals set for preventing diet-related non-communicable diseases: 1990 to 2017 trend analysis.   Gebremedhin S, Bekele T. PLoS One. 2021 Jan 11;16(1):e0245241.  Ecological Study
Diet Quality & Nutrient Adequacy The Association Between Personality Traits and Dietary Choices: A Systematic Review.   Esposito CM et al. Adv Nutr. 2021 Jan 11:nmaa166.  Systematic Review
Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in the nutritional quality of packaged food purchases in the U.S., 2008-2018.   Lacko A et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Jan 27:1-34.  Cross-Sectional Study
A chrononutrition perspective of diet quality and eating behaviors of Brazilian adolescents in associated with sleep duration.   Garcez MR et al. Chronobiol Int. 2021 Jan 13:1-13.  Cross-Sectional Study
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Do Food Odors Differently Influence Cerebral Activity Depending on Weight Status? An Electroencephalography Study of Implicit Olfactory Priming Effects on the Processing of Food Pictures.   Zsoldos I et al. Neuroscience. 2021 Jan 20:S0306-4522(21)00022-1.  Cross-Sectional Study
The concept of "food addiction" helps inform the understanding of overeating and obesity: YES.  Gearhardt AN et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Jan 15:nqaa343.  Narrative Review
Strategies for Reducing Salt and Sugar Intakes in Individuals at Increased Cardiometabolic Risk.   Ponzo V et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 19;13(1):279 Narrative Review
Physical Activity  Effects of Two Months of Very Low Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet on Body Composition, Muscle Strength, Muscle Area, and Blood Parameters in Competitive Natural Body Builders.   Paoli A et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 26;13(2):374. RCT
Effects of Combined Exercise and Low Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet Interventions on Waist Circumference and Triglycerides in Overweight and Obese Individuals: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.   Lee HS, Lee J. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jan 19;18(2):828.  RCT
Impact of pre-exercise feeding status on metabolic adaptations to endurance-type exercise training.   Edinburgh RM et al. J Physiol. 2021 Jan 11.  RCT
A 2 Week Cross-over Intervention with a Low Carbohydrate, High Fat Diet Compared to a High Carbohydrate Diet Attenuates Exercise-Induced Cortisol Response, but Not the Reduction of Exercise Capacity, in Recreational Athletes.  Terink R et al. Nutrients. 2021 Jan 6;13(1):157.  RCT
Effects of high-carbohydrate versus mixed-macronutrient meals on female soccer physiology and performance.   Wynne JL et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2021 Jan 23.  RCT
The Effect of Consuming Carbohydrate With and Without Protein on the Rate of Muscle Glycogen Re-synthesis During Short-Term Post-exercise Recovery: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.  Craven J et al. Sports Med Open. 2021 Jan 28;7(1):9 RCT
  Carbohydrate supplementation during a simulated 10-km open water swimming race: effects on physiological, perceptual parameters and performance.   Baldassarre R et al. Eur J Sport Sci. 2021 Jan 25:1-18.  RCT
Mental Health, Cognition, & Behaviour Effect of glucose and sucrose on cognition in healthy humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventional studies.  García CR et al. Nutr Rev. 2021 Jan 9;79(2):171-187.  SRMA
Lifestyle-related behaviors and health-related quality of life among children and adolescents in China.   Qin Z et al. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2021 Jan 6;19(1):8.  Cross-Sectional Study
Food addiction comorbid to mental disorders: A nationwide survey and register-based study.  Horsager C et al. Int J Eat Disord. 2021 Jan 17 Cross-Sectional Study
Does diet play a role in the prevention and management of depression among adolescents? A narrative review.   Chopra C et al. Nutr Health. 2021 Jan 8:260106020980532.  Narrative Review
Nutrition-based interventions for mood disorders.   Bhering Martins L et al. Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jan 25.  Narrative Review
Knowledge and Perceptions  A measure development study of sugar-sweetened beverage-related knowledge, self-efficacy, and intention among urban, low-income adults.   Heaton B et al. BMC Public Health. 2021 Jan 7;21(1):69.  Cross-Sectional Study
Intentions to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption: the importance of perceived susceptibility to health risks.   Dono J et al. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Jan 21:1-23.  Cross-Sectional Study
Health professionals' knowledge, views and advice on diet and dental health: a survey of UK and Ireland dietitians and dentists.   Kingsnorth J et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2021 Jan 7.  Cross-Sectional Study
Food Labelling  Effect of front-of-package nutrition labeling on food purchases: a systematic review.   An R et al. Public Health. 2021 Jan 28;191:59-67.  Systematic Review
General and specific graphic health warning labels reduce willingness to consume sugar-sweetened beverages.   Schubert E et al. Appetite. 2021 Jan 29:105141.  RCT