Latest Sugars-Related Research (2020)

CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is provided below: 

Time: At the end of each month
Database: PubMed
Search Terms:

((Sugar*[Title/Abstract] OR sucrose[Title/Abstract] OR added sugar*[Title/Abstract] OR beverage[Title/Abstract] OR soft drink*[Title/Abstract] OR soda[Title/Abstract] OR diet soda[Title/Abstract] OR sweet*[Title/Abstract] OR fructose[Title/Abstract] OR carbohydrate*[Title/Abstract] OR cola[Title/Abstract] OR SSB[Title/Abstract] OR honey[Title/Abstract] OR carbonated beverage*[Title/Abstract] OR energy drink*[Title/Abstract] OR fruit*[Title/Abstract]) AND (obes*[Title/Abstract] OR overweight[Title/Abstract] OR body mass index[Title/Abstract] OR BMI[Title/Abstract] OR weight gain[Title/Abstract] OR body weight*[Title/Abstract] OR waist circumference[Title/Abstract] OR body fat[Title/Abstract] OR adiposity[Title/Abstract] OR satiety[Title/Abstract] OR satiation[Title/Abstract] OR appetite[Title/Abstract] OR receptor[Title/Abstract] OR taste[Title/Abstract] OR postprandial[Title/Abstract] OR hormone[Title/Abstract] OR hunger[Title/Abstract] OR fullness[Title/Abstract] OR second meal[Title/Abstract] OR food intake[Title/Abstract] OR meal intake [Title/Abstract] OR cognition[Title/Abstract] OR brain[Title/Abstract] OR reward[Title/Abstract] OR food intake[Title/Abstract] OR hedonic[Title/Abstract] OR neuronal[Title/Abstract] OR sensitivity[Title/Abstract] OR addiction[Title/Abstract] OR hyperactive*[Title/Abstract] OR binge eating disorder[Title/Abstract] OR BED[Title/Abstract] OR behaviour* [Title/Abstract] OR insulin resistance[Title/Abstract] OR hyperinsulin*[Title/Abstract] OR diabet*[Title/Abstract] OR HbA1c[Title/Abstract] OR hemoglobin A, glycosylated[Title/Abstract] OR fructosamine[Title/Abstract] OR gly*albumin[Title/Abstract] OR glyc?em*[Title/Abstract] OR fatty liver*[Title/Abstract] OR NAFLD[Title/Abstract] OR NAFL[Title/Abstract] OR NASH[Title/Abstract] OR liver stenosis[Title/Abstract] OR liver cirrhosis[Title/Abstract] OR liver histology[Title/Abstract] OR liver fibrosis[Title/Abstract] OR liver intrahepatocellular lipid [Title/Abstract] OR triglycerides[Title/Abstract] OR lipids[Title/Abstract] OR fat[Title/Abstract] OR triacylglycerol[Title/Abstract] OR VLDL[Title/Abstract] OR low density lipoprotein[Title/Abstract] OR lip?emia[Title/Abstract] OR cholesterol[Title/Abstract] OR cardio*[Title/Abstract] OR heart disease[Title/Abstract] OR coronary disease[Title/Abstract] OR stroke[Title/Abstract] OR myocardial infarction[Title/Abstract] OR heart failure[Title/Abstract] OR peripheral arterial disease[Title/Abstract] OR hypertension[Title/Abstract] OR blood pressure [Title/Abstract] OR cancer[Title/Abstract] OR tumor[Title/Abstract] OR cancerogenic [Title/Abstract] OR dental caries[Title/Abstract] OR oral health[Title/Abstract] OR tooth[Title/Abstract] OR teeth[Title/Abstract] OR decay[Title/Abstract] OR tooth decay[Title/Abstract] OR physical activity[Title/Abstract] OR exercise[Title/Abstract] OR sport[Title/Abstract] OR energy [Title/Abstract] OR kidney[Title/Abstract] OR renal[Title/Abstract] OR nephropathy[Title/Abstract] OR uric acid[Title/Abstract] OR hyperuric*[Title/Abstract] OR gout[Title/Abstract] OR urate[Title/Abstract] OR uric[Title/Abstract] OR acne[Title/Abstract] OR skin[Title/Abstract] OR ageing [Title/Abstract] OR micronutrient dilution[Title/Abstract] OR vitamin*[Title/Abstract] OR mineral*[Title/Abstract] OR deficiency [Title/Abstract] OR glycaemic inde*[Title/Abstract] OR glycemic inde*[Title/Abstract] OR glycaemic load*[Title/Abstract] OR glycemic load* [Title/Abstract] OR inflammatory arthritis [Title/Abstract] OR microbiome [Title/Abstract] OR consumption[Title/Abstract] OR diet[Title/Abstract] OR nutrition [Title/Abstract] OR CRP[Title/Abstract] OR c-reactive protein[Title/Abstract])) AND (("xx"[Date - Publication] : "xx"[Date - Publication]))

Date of Publication: From the first to the last day of each month.

Selection criteria:
Read through each of the titles and abstracts to identify all studies conducted in humans that are related to sugars, carbohydrates in the context of diet, health and public policy.

To subscribe to the Sugars Digest monthly email broadcast, please contact flora.wang@sugar.ca

September 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in September 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence.

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Blood Orange Juice Consumption Increases Flow-Mediated Dilation in Adults with Overweight and Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
     

Li L et al. J Nutr. 2020 Sep 1;150(9):2287-2294.  RCT

Very low calorie ketogenic diets in overweight and obesity treatment: Effects on anthropometric parameters, body composition, satiety, lipid profile and microbiota.

Di Rosa C et al. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2020 Sep 9:S1871-403X(20)30577-9.  RCT
Added sugar and sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with increased postpartum weight gain and soluble fiber intake is associated with postpartum weight loss in Hispanic women from Southern California. Alderete TL et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Sep 1;112(3):519-526.  Prospective Cohort Study

Associations of sugar intake with anthropometrics in children from ages 2 until 8 years in the EU Childhood Obesity Project.

Aumueller Net al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Sep;59(6):2593-2601  Prospective Cohort Study
Association of obesity and diabetes with physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption in stroke survivors. Bailey RR, Singleton JR, Majersik JJ.Fam Pract. 2020 Sep 24:cmaa101.  Cross-Sectional Study

High intake of added sugars is linked to rapid weight gain in infancy, breastfeeding ≥12 months may protect against this: A preliminary investigation.

Kong KL et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Sep 23:e12728.  Cross-Sectional Study

Effects of macronutrient intake in obesity: a meta-analysis of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on markers of the metabolic syndrome.

Willems AEM et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Sep 4:nuaa044.  Non-Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
The obesity treatment dilemma: Why dieting is both the answer and the problem? A mechanistic overview. Monnier L et al. Diabetes Metab. 2020 Sep 28:S1262-3636(20)30127-0.  Narrative Review
Diabetes

Glucose metabolism responds to perceived sugar intake more than actual sugar intake.

Park C et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Sep 24;10(1):15633.  RCT

Effects of low fructose diet on glycemic control, lipid profile and systemic inflammation in patients with type 2 diabetes: A single-blind randomized controlled trial.

Jalilvand A et al. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Sep-Oct;14(5):849-855.   RCT

Cardiovascular responses to a glucose drink in young male individuals with overweight/obesity and mild alterations in glucose metabolism, but without impaired glucose tolerance.

Monnard CR, Grasser EK.Eur J Nutr. 2020 Sep;59(6):2747-2757.  RCT

Effect of adherence to carbohydrate counting on metabolic control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Bayram S et al. Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Sep;25(3):156-162.  RCT
Effects of a highly controlled carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet on markers of oxidatively generated nucleic acid modifications and inflammation in weight stable participants with type 2 diabetes; a randomized controlled trial. Skytte MJ et al. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2020 Sep;80(5):401-407.  RCT
The Effects of Mobile-App-Based Low-Carbohydrate Dietary Guidance on Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Adults with Prediabetes. Chen X et al. Diabetes Ther. 2020 Oct;11(10):2341-2355.  RCT
Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of coronary heart disease: a pan-European cohort study.  Sieri S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Sep 1;112(3):631-643.  Prospective Cohort Study
Blood pressure measurement methodology and technology in the SWEET diabetes centers: An international SWEET database survey. Gerasimidi-Vazeou A et al; SWEET study group. Pediatr Diabetes.2020 Sep 9. CROSS Cross-Sectional Study
Lower carbohydrate and higher fat intakes are associated with higher hemoglobin A1c: findings from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008-2016. Churuangsuk C, Lean MEJ, Combet E.Eur J Nutr. 2020 Sep;59(6):2771-2782.  Cross-Sectional Study

Cardiovascular Disease 

 

 

Sugar-sweetened beverages increases the risk of hypertension among children and adolescence: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.  Farhangi MA et al. Transl Med. 2020 Sep 5;18(1):344.  SRMA
Synergistic effects of fructose and glucose on lipoprotein risk factors for cardiovascular disease in young adults. Hieronimus B et al. Metabolism. 2020 Sep 9;112:154356. RCT
Non-Alcoholic Beverages, Old and Novel, and Their Potential Effects on Human Health, with a Focus on Hydration and Cardiometabolic Health.  Sikalidis AK et al. Medicina (Kaunas). 2020 Sep 23;56(10):E490.  Narrative Review
Other Metabolic Diseases 

Metabolic and behavioural effects in offspring exposed to maternal sucrose consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis of data from rodent models.

Morahan HL et al. J Dev Orig Health Dis. 2020 Sep 10:1-16.  SRMA

Energy drink intake and metabolic syndrome: A prospective investigation in young adults. 

Trapp G et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Sep 24;30(10):1679-1684.  Prospective Cohort Study
Total and added sugar intakes, sugar types, and cancer risk: results from the prospective NutriNet-Santé cohort. Debras C et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Sep 16:nqaa246.  Prospective Cohort Study
Association Between Beverage Intake and Incidence of Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms. Mehta RS et al. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Sep;18(10):2226-2233  Prospective Cohort Study
Association of sugar-sweetened beverage and artificially sweetened beverage intakes with mortality: an analysis of US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Zhang YB et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Sep 18.  Cross-Sectional Study
Carbohydrate and fat intake associated with risk of metabolic diseases through epigenetics of CPT1A. Lai CQ et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Sep 15:nqaa233.  Cross-Sectional Study
Sugar-containing carbonated beverages consumption is associated with hyperuricemia in general adults: A cross-sectional study. Zhang T et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Sep 24;30(10):1645-1652.  Cross-Sectional Study
Caloric and Macronutrient Intake and Meal Timing Responses to Repeated Sleep Restriction Exposures Separated by Varying Intervening Recovery Nights in Healthy Adults. Spaeth AM et al. Nutrients. 2020 Sep 3;12(9):2694.  Cross-Sectional Study
The use of fructose as a sweetener. Is it a safe alternative for our immune system? Pasqualli T et al. J Food Biochem. 2020 Sep 29:e13496 Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment

World trends in sugar-sweetened beverage and dietary sugar intakes in children and adolescents: a systematic review.

Della Corte K et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Sep 27:nuaa070.  Systematic Review

Validity and Usability of a Smartphone Image-Based Dietary Assessment App Compared to 3-Day Food Diaries in Assessing Dietary Intake Among Canadian Adults: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ji Y et al. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2020 Sep 9;8(9):e16953.  RCT

Comparing Calculated Nutrient Intakes Using Different Food Composition Databases: Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Cohort.

Van Puyvelde H et al. Nutrients. 2020 Sep 23;12(10):E2906.  Prospective Cohort Study

A proposed simple method for objectively quantifying free sugars in foods and beverages.

Mela DJ.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Sep;74(9):1366-1368.  Narrative Review
Intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and added sugars by the Brazilian population: an indicator to evaluate diet quality. Monteiro LS et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Sep;74(9):1316-1324.  Cross-Sectional Study
Ultra-processed food consumption drives excessive free sugar intake among all age groups in Australia. Machado PP et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Sep;59(6):2783-2792.  Cross-Sectional Study
Is there a soft drink vs. alcohol seesaw? A cross-sectional analysis of dietary data in the Australian Health Survey 2011-12. Wong THT et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Sep;59(6):2357-2367.  Cross-Sectional Study
Comparison of food and beverage products' availability, variety, price and quality in German and US supermarkets. Stroebele-Benschop N et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Sep 11:1-7.  Cross-Sectional Study
The effects of an abrupt increase in taxes on candy and soda in Norway: an observational study of retail sales. Øvrebø B et al. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2020 Sep 14;17(1):115.  Cross-Sectional Study
Nutrition Claims on Fruit Drinks Are Inconsistent Indicators of Nutritional Profile: A Content Analysis of Fruit Drinks Purchased by Households With Young Children. Duffy EW et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 Sep 22:S2212-2672(20)31056-X.  Cross-Sectional Study
One-year changes in sugar-sweetened beverage consumers' purchases following implementation of a beverage tax: a longitudinal quasi-experiment. Lawman HG et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Sep 1;112(3):644-651.  Cross-Sectional Study
Patterns of beverage purchases amongst British households: A latent class analysis. Berger N et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Sep 8;17(9):e1003245.  Cross-Sectional Study
Nonalcoholic Beverage Consumption Among Adults: United States, 2015-2018. Martin CB et al. NCHS Data Brief. 2020 Sep;(376):1-8.  Cross-Sectional Study
Examining Trends in Beverage Sales in New York City During Comprehensive Efforts to Reduce Sugary Drink Consumption, 2010-2015. Sisti JS et al. J Community Health. 2020 Sep 13. Cross-Sectional Study
Pouring on the Pounds: The Persistent Problem of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Children and Adolescents. Cooper CC.NASN Sch Nurse. 2020 Sep 24:1942602X20953905.  Cross-Sectional Study
Energy and Macronutrients Intakes among Childbearing Age Women Living in the Urban Area of Morocco: A Cross-Sectional Study. Barich F et al. J Nutr Metab. 2020 Sep 11;2020:2685809.  Cross-Sectional Study
Energy and Nutrient Intake of Americans according to Meeting Current Dairy Recommendations. Hess JM et al. Nutrients. 2020 Sep 30;12(10):E3006.  Cross-Sectional Study
Diet Quality & Nutrient Adequacy 

Impact of intervention on nutritional status, consumption of processed foods, and quality of life of adolescents with excess weight.

Poll FA et al. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2020 Sep-Oct;96(5):621-629.  RCT

Association between free sugars intake and nutrient dilution among Japanese children and adolescents: the 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan.

Fujiwara A et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Sep 18:1-22.  Cross-Sectional Study

An Assessment of Three Carbohydrate Metrics of Nutritional Quality for Packaged Foods and Beverages in Australia and Southeast Asia.

Tan D et al. Nutrients. 2020 Sep 11;12(9):2771.  Cross-Sectional Study
Diet quality, excess body weight and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents living in São Paulo, Brazil and in the USA: differences and similarities. Pereira JL et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Sep 10:1-11.   Cross-Sectional Study
Taste and Eating Behaviour

How Does Our Brain Process Sugars and Non-Nutritive Sweeteners Differently: A Systematic Review on Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies.

Yeung AWK, Wong NSM. Nutrients. 2020 Sep 30;12(10):E3010.  Systematic Review
Effects of Sweet-Liking on Body Composition Depend on Age and Lifestyle: A Challenge to the Simple Sweet-Liking-Obesity Hypothesis. Iatridi V et al. Nutrients. 2020 Sep 4;12(9):E2702.  RCT
Effects of Non-nutritive Sweeteners on Sweet Taste Processing and Neuroendocrine Regulation of Eating Behavior. Yunker AG et al. Curr Nutr Rep. 2020 Sep;9(3):278-289  RCT
Behavioral Responses to Sucrose as an Indicator of Positive Hedonic Response Across the First Six Months of Infancy. Rios JM et al. Physiol Behav. 2020 Sep 1;223:112914.  Prospective Cohort Study
Associations between Psycho-Hedonic Responses to Sweet and Savoury Tastes with Diet and Body Composition in a Sample of Asian Females. Lim AJ et al. Foods. 2020 Sep 18;9(9):E1318. Cross-Sectional Study
The neuroscience of sugars in taste, gut-reward, feeding circuits, and obesity. Gutierrez R et al. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2020 Sep;77(18):3469-3502.  Narrative Review
Physical Activity

Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on body composition and performance in road cycling: a randomized, controlled trial.

 Sitko S, Cirer-Sastre R, Corbi F, López Laval I. Nutr Hosp. 2020 Sep 22.  RCT
Pre-Sleep Low Glycemic Index Modified Starch Does Not Improve Next-Morning Fuel Selection or Running Performance in Male and Female Endurance Athletes. Dudar MD, Bode ED, Fishkin KR, Brown RA, Carre MM, Mills NR, Ormsbee MJ, Ives SJ.Nutrients. 2020 Sep 22;12(9):E2888.  RCT
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics The COVID-19 Pandemic and changes in adult Brazilian lifestyles: a cross-sectional study, 2020. Malta DC et al. Epidemiol Serv Saude. 2020 Sep 25;29(4):e2020407  Cross-Sectional Study

Exploring changes in the human gut microbiota and microbial-derived metabolites in response to diets enriched in simple, refined, or unrefined carbohydrate-containing foods: a post hoc analysis of a randomized clinical trial.

Faits T et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Sep 16:nqaa254.  RCT

Introducing Juice and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in Early Infancy: Parental Knowledge and Intended Behaviors.

Musial S et al. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2020 Sep 23:9922820961080.  Cross-Sectional Study

An In-Depth Exploration of Knowledge and Beliefs Associated with Soda and Diet Soda Consumption.

Miller C et al. Nutrients. 2020 Sep 17;12(9):E2841.  Cross-Sectional Study

A qualitative analysis of perceptions of various stakeholders on nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions, including the taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), to improve overall health and nutrition in South Africa.

Kaltenbrun TA et al. BMC Public Health. 2020 Sep 3;20(1):1342.  Cross-Sectional Study

The University of British Columbia healthy beverage initiative: changing the beverage landscape on a large post-secondary campus.

Di Sebastiano KM et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Sep 18:1-11.  Cross-Sectional Study

Demographic Groups Likely Affected by Regulating Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Portion Sizes.

Smith NR et al. Am J Prev Med. 2020 Sep;59(3):e135-e139.  Cross-Sectional Study

August 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in August 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence.

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

The effect of fasting and energy restricting diets on markers of glucose and insulin controls: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
     

Fatahi S et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Aug 3:1-12 RCT

Effects of weight loss during a very low carbohydrate diet on specific adipose tissue depots and insulin sensitivity in older adults with obesity: a randomized clinical trial.

Goss AM et al. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2020 Aug 12;17:64.  RCT
Lower Postprandial Thermogenic Response to an Unprocessed Whole Food Meal Compared to an Iso-Energetic/Macronutrient Meal Replacement in Young Women: A Single-Blind Randomized Cross-Over Trial. Mohr AE et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 17;12(8):E2469.  RCT

Effects of a high protein/low carbohydrate low-calorie diet versus a standard low-calorie diet on anthropometric parameters and cardiovascular risk factors, role of polymorphism rs3123554 in the cannabinoid receptor gene type 2 (CB2R).

Primo D et al. Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr. 2020 Aug-Sep;67(7):446-453.  RCT
Energy Requirement Is Higher During Weight-Loss Maintenance in Adults Consuming a Low- Compared with High-Carbohydrate Diet. Ebbeling CB et al. J Nutr. 2020 Aug 1;150(8):2009-2015.  RCT

Young Children's Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and 5-Year Change in BMI: Lessons Learned from the Timing of Consumption.

Vinke PC et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 18;12(8):E2486.  Prospective Cohort Study

Use of Electronic Health Record Data to Study the Association of Sugary Drink Consumption With Child Weight Status.

Lewis KH et al. Acad Pediatr. 2020 Aug;20(6):767-775.  Cross-Sectional Study
Sugar sweetened beverage consumption is associated with visceral fat in children. Gallagher C et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Aug 19:1-19.  Cross-Sectional Study
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and association with weight status in Irish children: a cross-sectional study prior to the introduction of a government tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. Harrington JM et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Aug;23(12):2234-2244 Cross-Sectional Study
The association between FTO genotype with macronutrients and calorie intake in overweight adults. Mehrdad M et al. Lipids Health Dis. 2020 Aug 26;19(1):197 Cross-Sectional Study
Trends in Beverage Consumption and Related Demographic Factors and Obesity among Korean Children and Adolescents. Hwang SB et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 31;12(9):E2651.  Cross-Sectional Study
Daily Eating Frequency in US Adults: Associations with Low-Calorie Sweeteners, Body Mass Index, and Nutrient Intake (NHANES 2007-2016). Hunt KJ et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 24;12(9):E2566.  Cross-Sectional Study
Diabetes

Effects of a modestly lower carbohydrate diet in gestational diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.

Mijatovic J et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Aug 1;112(2):284-292.  RCT

The effect of a low-carbohydrate high-fat diet and ethnicity on daily glucose profile in type 2 diabetes determined by continuous glucose monitoring.

Blaychfeld-Magnazi M et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Aug;59(5):1929-1936.   RCT

The effect of concentrated pomegranate juice consumption on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized controlled trial.

Abedini M et al. Phytother Res. 2020 Aug 7.  RCT

Glucose and protein metabolic responses to an energy- but not protein- restricted diet in type 2 diabetes.

Coussa A et al. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020 Aug;22(8):1278-1285.   RCT
The clinical effects of a carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet on glycaemic variability in metformin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomised controlled study. Thomsen MN et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020 Oct;39:46-52.  RCT
Design and Validation of a Diet Rich in Slowly Digestible Starch for Type 2 Diabetic Patients for Significant Improvement in Glycemic Profile. Goux A et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 11;12(8):E2404.  RCT
Effects of high and low sucrose-containing beverages on blood glucose and hypoglycemic-like symptoms. Markus CR, Rogers PJ. Physiol Behav. 2020 Aug 1;222:112916.  Cross-Sectional Study
COVID-19 Lockdown and Changes of the Dietary Pattern and Physical Activity Habits in a Cohort of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Ruiz-Roso MB et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 4;12(8):E2327.  Cross-Sectional Study
The effects of soda taxes on adolescent sugar intake and blood sugar. Restrepo BJ et al. Health Econ. 2020 Aug 6.  Cross-Sectional Study
Consumption of Beverages Containing Low-Calorie Sweeteners, Diet, and Cardiometabolic Health in Youth With Type 2 Diabetes. Sylvetsky AC et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 Aug;120(8):1348-1358.e6.  Cross-Sectional Study
Can fructose influence the development of obesity mediated through hypothalamic alterations? Cargnin-Carvalho A et al. J Neurosci Res. 2020 Aug;98(8):1662-1668.  Cross-Sectional Study

Cardiovascular Disease 

 

 

Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and High-Density Lipoproteins in Overweight or Obese Individuals: A Meta-analysis.  Arnotti K, Bamber M.J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2020 Aug 6.  SRMA
Effects of Sugar-Sweetened, Artificially Sweetened, and Unsweetened Beverages on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Body Composition, and Sweet Taste Preference: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Ebbeling CB et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Aug 4;9(15):e015668.  RCT
Sugar-sweetened beverages consumption in relation to hypertension among Iranian university students: the MEPHASOUS study. Mansouri M et al. Eat Weight Disord. 2020 Aug;25(4):973-982.   Cross-Sectional Study
The associations between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and cardiometabolic risks in Chinese children and adolescents. Zhu Z et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Aug;15(8):e12634.   Cross-Sectional Study
A moderate-carbohydrate diet with plant protein is inversely associated with cardiovascular risk factors: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2017. Ha K et al. Nutr J. 2020 Aug 14;19(1):84.   Cross-Sectional Study
High fructose intake and the route towards cardiometabolic diseases. Lelis DF et al. Life Sci. 2020 Aug 12;259:118235.   Cross-Sectional Study

Association of Sugar-Sweetened Carbonated Beverage with the Alteration in Left Ventricular Structure and Diastolic Function.

Park SK et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Aug 11:1-6.   Cross-Sectional Study
Liver Health  Association between consumption frequency of honey and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: results from a cross-sectional analysis based on the TCLSIH Cohort Study. Zhang S et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Aug 17:1-25.  Cross-Sectional Study
Fructose and hepatic insulin resistance. Softic S et al. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. 2020 Aug;57(5):308-322.  Narrative Review
Beneficial effects of the ketogenic diet on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A comprehensive review of the literature. Watanabe M et al. Obes Rev. 2020 Aug;21(8):e13024 Narrative Review
Dental Health 

Effect of sugar-sweetened beverages on oral health: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Valenzuela MJ et al. Eur J Public Health. 2020 Aug 23:ckaa147.  SRMA
Excessive Weight Gain and Dental Caries Experience among Children Affected by ADHD.

 

Paszynska E et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Aug 13;17(16):E5870.  Cross-Sectional Study
Other Chronic Diseases 

Does a ketogenic diet have beneficial effects on quality of life, physical activity or biomarkers in patients with breast cancer: a randomized controlled clinical trial.

Khodabakhshi A et al. Nutr J. 2020 Aug 22;19(1):87. RCT

Association between dietary sugar intake and colorectal adenoma among cancer screening examinees in Japan.

Cho H et al. Cancer Sci. 2020 Aug 2. Cross-Sectional Study

Probability of myopia in children with high refined carbohydrates consumption in France.

Berticat C et al. BMC Ophthalmol. 2020 Aug 18;20(1):337. Cross-Sectional Study

Fructose stimulated de novo lipogenesis is promoted by inflammation.

Todoric J et al. Nat Metab. 2020 Aug 24. Cross-Sectional Study
Dietary Intake Assessment

Front of pack nutritional labelling schemes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of recent evidence relating to objectively measured consumption and purchasing.

Croker H et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Aug;33(4):518-537.   SRMA

Environmental Interventions to Reduce the Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Abridged Cochrane Systematic Review.

von Philipsborn P et al. Obes Facts. 2020 Aug 12:1-21.   SRMA

Breakfast Characteristics and Their Association with Energy, Macronutrients, and Food Intake in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Giménez-Legarre N et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 15;12(8):E2460. SRMA

Television advertisements for high sugar foods and beverages: Effect on children's snack food intake.

Kearney J et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Aug 4:1-22.  RCT
Relationship between dietary sodium and sugar intake: A cross-sectional study of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2016. Gress TW et al. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2020 Aug 6.   Cross-Sectional Study
Frequency of fruit juice consumption and association with nutrient intakes among Canadians. Murphy MM et al. Nutr Health. 2020 Aug 12:260106020944299.   Cross-Sectional Study
The health and financial impacts of a sugary drink tax across different income groups in Canada. Kao KE et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Aug;38:100869.  Cross-Sectional Study
Who drinks soda pop? Economic status and adult consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. Zagorsky JL et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Aug;38:100888.   Cross-Sectional Study
Prevalence and pattern of energy drink intake among Australian adolescents. Trapp G et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Aug 22.   Cross-Sectional Study
Food Insecurity and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Among WIC-Enrolled Families in the First 1,000 Days. Fernández CR et al. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2020 Aug;52(8):796-800.   Cross-Sectional Study
Habitual Coffee and Tea Consumption and Cardiometabolic Biomarkers in the UK Biobank: The Role of Beverage Types and Genetic Variation. Cornelis MC et al. J Nutr. 2020 Aug 17:nxaa212.  Cross-Sectional Study
Evaluating the Dietary Intakes of Energy, Macronutrients, Sugar, Fiber, and Micronutrients in Children With Celiac Disease. Ting A et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020 Aug;71(2):246-251.   Cross-Sectional Study
Sweetening Agents and Sweeteners in Dietary Supplements for Children-Analysis of the Polish Market. Piekara A et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 9;12(8):E2387.   Cross-Sectional Study
Estimation and consumption pattern of free sugar intake in 3-year-old Irish preschool children. Crowe M, et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Aug;59(5):2065-2074.   Cross-Sectional Study
Relative Validity of Starch and Sugar Intake in Japanese Adults as Estimated With Comprehensive and Brief Self-Administered Diet History Questionnaires. Fujiwara A et al. J Epidemiol. 2020 Aug 5;30(8):315-325. Cross-Sectional Study
Energy-dense, nutrient-poor food and beverage sales in Australia: where and when products are sold, and how sales are changing over time. Gearon E et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Aug 12:1-10.  Cross-Sectional Study
Examining Determinants and Co-associations Between Fruit and Vegetable and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Monitoring Practices Among a Sample of Low-Income Hispanic Mothers. Branscum P et al. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Aug;7(4):650-659.   Cross-Sectional Study
Reducing consumption of unhealthy foods and beverages through banning price promotions: what is the evidence and will it work? Watt TL et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Aug;23(12):2228-2233.   Cross-Sectional Study
Determinants of energy drink consumption in adolescents: identification of sex-specific patterns. Lebacq T et al. Public Health. 2020 Aug;185:182-188.  Cross-Sectional Study
Correlates of sugar-sweetened beverages consumption among adolescents. Beaulieu D et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Aug;23(12):2145-2154.  Cross-Sectional Study
High sugar content of European commercial baby foods and proposed updates to existing recommendations. Hutchinson J et al..Matern Child Nutr. 2020 Aug 30:e13020.  Cross-Sectional Study
Consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners during pregnancy. Palatnik A et al. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Aug;223(2):211-218.  Narrative Review
Objective Biomarkers for Total Added Sugar Intake - Are We on a Wild Goose Chase? Louie JCY.Adv Nutr. 2020 Aug 17:nmaa093.  Narrative Review
Diet Quality & Nutrient Adequacy 

Pasta Consumption Is Linked to Greater Nutrient Intakes and Improved Diet Quality in American Children and Adults, and Beneficial Weight-Related Outcomes Only in Adult Females.

Papanikolaou Y. Front Nutr. 2020 Aug 7;7:112.  Cross-Sectional Study

Low-carbohydrate diets and cardiometabolic health: the importance of carbohydrate quality over quantity.

Sievenpiper JL. Nutr Rev. 2020 Aug 1;78(Supplement_1):69-77.  Narrative Review

Low-carbohydrate interventions for adolescent obesity: Nutritional adequacy and guidance for clinical practice.

Jebeile H et al. Clin Obes. 2020 Aug;10(4):e12370.  Narrative Review
Taste and Eating Behaviour

Sweet taste does not modulate pain perception in adult humans.

Mooney ER et al. Wellcome Open Res. 2020 Aug 5;5:43.  RCT
Divergent bitter and sweet taste perception intensity in chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Lin C et al. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2020 Aug 26.  Case-Control Study
Physical Activity

Effects of Bang® Keto Coffee Energy Drink on Metabolism and Exercise Performance in Resistance-Trained Adults: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Crossover Study.

Harty PS et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2020 Aug 24;17(1):45.   RCT
High intestinal hydrogen production in runners after intake of fructose solution. Sicchieri JMF et al. J Breath Res. 2020 Aug 14;14(4):041002.   RCT

Omission of a carbohydrate-rich breakfast impairs evening endurance exercise performance despite complete dietary compensation at lunch.

Metcalfe R et al. Eur J Sport Sci. 2020 Aug 27:1-9. RCT

Intramuscular Mechanisms Mediating Adaptation to Low-Carbohydrate, High-Fat Diets during Exercise Training.

Howard EE et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 19;12(9):E2496.   Narrative Review
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics COVID-19 Lockdown and Changes of the Dietary Pattern and Physical Activity Habits in a Cohort of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Ruiz-Roso MB et al. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 4;12(8):E2327.  Cross-Sectional Study

Physical activity and nutrition guidelines to help with the fight against COVID-19.

Khoramipour K et al. J Sports Sci. 2020 Aug 25:1-7.  Narrative Review

Quarantine during COVID-19 outbreak: Changes in diet and physical activity increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Mattioli AV et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Aug 28;30(9):1409-1417.  Narrative Review 

Is the public sweet on sugary beverages? Social desirability bias and sweetened beverage taxes. 

Knox MA et al.Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Aug;38:100886.  Cross-Sectional Study

Food and beverage marketing in schools: school superintendents' perspectives and practices after the healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act.

Asada Y et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Aug;23(11):2024-2031.  Cross-Sectional Study

Beyond taste and easy access: Physical, cognitive, interpersonal, and emotional reasons for sugary drink consumption among children and adolescents.

Sylvetsky AC et al. Appetite. 2020 Aug 12:104826.  Cross-Sectional Study

Inventory of marketing techniques used in child-appealing food and beverage research: a rapid review.

Mulligan C et al. Int J Public Health. 2020 Aug 25.  Narrative Review

July 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in July 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence.

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Effects of Popular Diets on Anthropometric and Cardiometabolic Parameters: An Umbrella Review of Meta-Analyses of Randomized Controlled Trials.     

Dinu M et al. Adv Nutr. 2020 Jul 1;11(4):815-833.  SRMA

Effects of nonnutritive sweeteners on body weight and BMI in diverse clinical contexts: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Laviada-Molina H et al. Obes Rev. 2020 Jul;21(7):e13020.  SRMA
Study protocol for a 9-month randomised controlled trial assessing the effects of almonds versus carbohydrate-rich snack foods on weight loss and weight maintenance.  Carter S et al. BMJ Open. 2020 Jul 19;10(7):e036542.  RCT

The association between Healthy Beverage Index and anthropometric measures among children: a cross-sectional study.

Jalilpiran Y et al. Eat Weight Disord. 2020 Jul 10.  Cross-Sectional Study
Using a low-carbohydrate diet to treat obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Westman EC et al. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2020 Jul 27 Narrative Review

From genetics to bariatric surgery and soda taxes: Using all the tools to curb the rising tide of obesity.

Misra A, Basu S. PLoS Med. 2020 Jul 31;17(7):e1003317.  Narrative Review

Testing the carbohydrate-insulin model of obesity in a 5-month feeding study: the perils of post-hoc participant exclusions.

Ludwig DS et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jul;74(7):1109-1112.  Brief Communications
Diabetes

Low-carbohydrate diets and type 2 diabetes treatment: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Silverii GA et al. Acta Diabetol. 2020 Jul 8.  SRMA

Acute glycemic and insulinemic effects of low-energy sweeteners: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

 Greyling A et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jul 16:nqaa167.  SRMA

Effect of a high protein/low glycaemic index diet on insulin resistance in adolescents with overweight/obesity-A PREVIEW randomized clinical trial.

Dorenbos E et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Jul 17:e12702.  RCT

Apple polyphenol-rich drinks dose-dependently decrease early-phase postprandial glucose concentrations following a high-carbohydrate meal: A randomised controlled trial in healthy adults and in vitro studies.

Prpa EJ et al. J Nutr Biochem. 2020 Jul 30:108466.  RCT
Projected impact of a reduction in sugar-Prediabetes Conversion to Normoglycemia Is Superior Adding a Low-Carbohydrate and Energy Deficit Formula Diet to Lifestyle Intervention-A 12-Month Subanalysis of the ACOORH Trial. Röhling M et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jul 7;12(7):2022. RCT
The 'brick diet' and postprandial insulin: a practical method to balance carbohydrates ingested and prandial insulin to prevent hypoglycaemia in hospitalized persons with diabetes. Avanzini F et al. Diabet Med. 2020 Jul;37(7):1125-1133. RCT
Effects of advanced carbohydrate counting on glucose control and quality of life in children with type 1 diabetes. Donzeau A et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2020 Jul 9.  RCT
Sweetened beverage consumption on diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Argentina: A modeling study. Salgado MV et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Jul 28;17(7):e1003224.  Modelling Study
Fasting Serum Fructose Levels Are Associated With Risk of Incident Type 2 Diabetes in Middle-Aged and Older Chinese Population. Chen Y et al. Diabetes Care. 2020 Jul 1:dc192494.  Prospective Cohort Study
Factors influencing blood pressure and microalbuminuria in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus: salt or sugar? Saygili S et al. Pediatr Nephrol. 2020 Jul;35(7):1267-1276.  Cross-Sectional Study
Five Evidence-Based Lifestyle Habits People With Diabetes Can Use. Chacko E, Signore C. Clin Diabetes. 2020 Jul;38(3):273-284.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension-A Case of Sugar and Salt? Sondermann M et al. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Jul 22;21(15):E5200.  Narrative Review
Carbohydrate-induced weight gain models for diabetes research: Contribution of incretins and parasympathetic signal. Seino Y et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2020 Jul 2.  Narrative Review

Cardiovascular Disease 

 

 

Intake of Sugar-Sweetened and Low-Calorie Sweetened Beverages and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.  Yin J et al. Adv Nutr. 2020 Jul 22:nmaa084.  SRMA
Effects of Sugar-Sweetened, Artificially Sweetened, and Unsweetened Beverages on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Body Composition, and Sweet Taste Preference: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Ebbeling CB et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Aug 4;9(15):e015668.  RCT
Galactose Ingested with a High-Fat Beverage Increases Postprandial Lipemia Compared with Glucose but Not Fructose Ingestion in Healthy Men. Watkins J et al. J Nutr. 2020 Jul 1;150(7):1765-1772.  RCT
Substituting Lean Beef for Carbohydrate in a Healthy Dietary Pattern Does Not Adversely Affect the Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Profile in Men and Women at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes. Maki KC et al. J Nutr. 2020 Jul 1;150(7):1824-1833.  RCT
Aerobic exercise offsets endothelial dysfunction induced by repetitive consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in young healthy men. Bock JM et al. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2020 Jul 1;319(1):R11-R18.  RCT
Dietary macronutrients do not differently affect postprandial vascular endothelial function in apparently healthy overweight and slightly obese men.

Smeets ETHC et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Jul 29. doi: 10.1007/s00394-020-02340-y. 

RCT

Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of coronary heart disease: a pan-European cohort study.

Sieri S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jul 3:nqaa157.  Prospective Cohort Study

Associations between honey consumption and prehypertension in adults aged 40 years and older.

Zhang S et al. Clin Exp Hypertens. 2020 Jul 3;42(5):420-427.  Cross-Sectional Study

Reversal of severe hypertriglyceridemia with intermittent fasting and a very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet: a case series.

Das S et al. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2020 Jul 27.  Case Study

Uric Acid and Hypertension: An Update With Recommendations.

Sanchez-Lozada LG et al. Am J Hypertens. 2020 Jul 18;33(7):583-594.  Narrative Review
The Impact of Dietary Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load on Postprandial Lipid Kinetics, Dyslipidemia and Cardiovascular Risk. Lambadiari V et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jul 24;12(8):E2204.  Narrative Review
Liver Health  Effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on hepatic lipid content in adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A pilot, randomized trial. Goss AM et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Jul;15(7):e12630.  RCT
Dental Health 

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Role of Sugar-Free Chewing Gum in Dental Caries.

Newton JT et al. JDR Clin Trans Res. 2020 Jul;5(3):214-223.   SRMA
Children's detailed non-water beverage consumption habits and longitudinal early childhood caries experiences.

 

Jordan KH et al. J Public Health Dent. 2020 Jul 5.  Prospective Cohort Study

Early Introduction of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Caries Trajectories from Age 12 to 48 Months.

Bernabé E et al. J Dent Res. 2020 Jul;99(8):898-906  Prospective Cohort Study

Consumption of snacks and dental caries among Finnish young men: a cross-sectional epidemiological study.

Tanner T et al. Odontology. 2020 Jul;108(3):486-492.  Cross-Sectional Study
Hyperuricemia Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and serum uric acid concentrations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ebrahimpour-Koujan S et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Jul 19.  SRMA
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and risk of hyperuricemia: a longitudinal analysis of the Health Workers Cohort Study participants in Mexico. Meneses-León J et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jul 9:nqaa160. Prospective Cohort Study
Other Chronic Diseases 

Glycemic load, dietary fiber, and added sugar and fecundability in 2 preconception cohorts.

Willis SK et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jul 1;112(1):27-38.   Prospective Cohort Study

Added and Free Sugars Intake and Metabolic Biomarkers in Japanese Adolescents.

Okuda M, Fujiwara A, Sasaki S.Nutrients. 2020 Jul 9;12(7):2046.  Cross-Sectional Study

Association between sleep duration and sleep quality with sugar and sugar-sweetened beverages intake among university students.

Boozari B et al. Sleep Breath. 2020 Jul 27.  Cross-Sectional Study

Energy Drinks Consumption Is Associated With Reduced Sleep Duration and Increased Energy-Dense Fast Foods Consumption Among School Students: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Almulla AA, Faris MAE.Asia Pac J Public Health. 2020 Jul;32(5):266-273.  Cross-Sectional Study

Carbohydrates in nutrition: friend or foe?

Großkopf A, Simm A.Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2020 Jul;53(4):290-294.  Narrative Review

Neuroendocrine and Metabolic Effects of Low-Calorie and Non-Calorie Sweeteners.

Moriconi E et al. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2020 Jul 16;11:444.  Narrative Review 
Dietary Intake Assessment

The Carbon Isotope Ratios of Serum Amino Acids in Combination with Participant Characteristics can be Used to Estimate Added Sugar Intake in a Controlled Feeding Study of US Postmenopausal Women.

Yun HY et al. J Nutr. 2020 Jul 25:nxaa195.  RCT

Changes in Sugary Beverage Consumption and Public Perceptions in Upstate New York After Implementation of a Community Awareness Campaign and Healthier Vending Strategies.

Durant DJ et al. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2020 Jul/Aug;26(4):E11-E19.  RCT

Trends and Disparities of Energy Intake and Macronutrient Composition in China: A Series of National Surveys, 1982-2012.

Zhu Z et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jul 22;12(8):E2168. Cross-Sectional Study

Sex-Specific Energy Intakes and Physical Activity Levels According to the Presence of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Elderly People: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016-2018.

Jung WS et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jul 28;17(15):E5416.  Cross-Sectional Study

Protein intake is more stable than carbohydrate or fat intake across various US demographic groups and international populations.

Lieberman HR et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jul 1;112(1):180-186.  Cross-Sectional Study
Diet Quality & Nutrient Adequacy 

The Effect of Dynamic Food Labels with Real-Time Feedback on Diet Quality: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Shin S, van Dam RM, Finkelstein EA.Nutrients. 2020 Jul 20;12(7):2158.  RCT

Impact of sugar taxes and front-of-package nutrition labels on purchases of protein, calcium and fibre.

Acton RB, Hammond D.Prev Med. 2020 Jul;136:106091.  RCT

Association between the nutrient profile system underpinning the Nutri-Score front-of-pack nutrition label and mortality in the SUN project: A prospective cohort study.

Gómez-Donoso C et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Jul 17:S0261-5614(20)30359-9.  Prospective Cohort Study

Evaluation of nutritional quality of biscuits and sweet snacks sold on the Italian market: the Food Labelling of Italian Products (FLIP) study.

Dall'Asta M et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Jul 8:1-8.  Cross-Sectional Study

Carbohydrate composition in breast milk and its effect on infant health.

Berger PK et al. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2020 Jul;23(4):277-281.  Narrative Review
Eating Behaviour

Associations between the Home Environment, Feeding Practices and Children's Intakes of Fruit, Vegetables and Confectionary/Sugar-Sweetened Beverages.

Bassul C et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jul 5;17(13):4837.  Cross-Sectional Study
Physical Activity

Fruit supplementation reduces indices of exercise-induced muscle damage: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Doma K, Gahreman D, Connor J.Eur J Sport Sci. 2020 Jul 15:1-18.  SRMA

Omission of a carbohydrate-rich breakfast impairs evening endurance exercise performance despite complete dietary compensation at lunch.

Metcalfe RS et al. Eur J Sport Sci. 2020 Jul 16:1-22.   RCT

Carbohydrate Mouth Rinse Mitigates Mental Fatigue Effects on Maximal Incremental Test Performance, but Not in Cortical Alterations.

Brietzke C et al. Brain Sci. 2020 Jul 29;10(8):E493.   RCT
Mental Health

Soft Drink Consumption and Mental Health in Adolescents: A Longitudinal Examination.

Mrug S et al. J Adolesc Health. 2020 Jul 4:S1054-139X(20)30291-3.  Prospective Cohort Study
Predicting limiting 'free sugar' consumption using an integrated model of health behavior. Phipps DJ, Hagger MS, Hamilton K.Appetite. 2020 Jul 1;150:104668.  Modeling Study

Economic hardship and child intake of foods high in saturated fats and added sugars: the mediating role of parenting stress among high-risk families.

Schuler BR et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Jul 27:1-12. Modeling Study
Knowledge & Perceptions

Soda or VitaSoda: How Product Name Influences Perceptions of Snack Food Healthfulness and the Moderating Role of Nutrition Facts Labels.

Verrill L et al. Health Commun. 2020 Jul;35(8):966-973.  RCT

A Health Game Targeting Children's Implicit Attitudes and Snack Choices.

Alblas EE et al. Games Health J. 2020 Jul 28. RCT
Nutrition Knowledge and Perspectives of Physical Activity for Pre-Schoolers amongst Early Childhood Education and Care Teachers. Rapson J et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jul 3;12(7):E1984.  Cross-Sectional Study
What makes a beverage healthy? A qualitative study of young adults' conceptualisation of sugar-containing beverage healthfulness. Brownbill AL et al. Appetite. 2020 Jul 1;150:104675.  Cross-Sectional Study
Attitudes toward sweetened soft drinks and consumption patterns among Saudi women: A cross-sectional study. Benajiba N et al. Eat Behav. 2020 Jul 23;38:101413.   Cross-Sectional Study
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics Agave Syrup as an Alternative to Sucrose in Muffins: Impacts on Rheological, Microstructural, Physical, and Sensorial Properties. Ozuna C et al. Foods. 2020 Jul 8;9(7):895.   

Consumer perception and sensory profile of probiotic yogurt with added sugar and reduced milk fat.

Dias PGI et al. Heliyon. 2020 Jul 4;6(7):e04328.  

Sucrose replacement: A sensory profile and time-intensity analysis of a tamarind functional beverage with artificial and natural non-nutritive sweeteners.

Lima RS, Cazelatto de Medeiros A, Bolini HMA.J Sci Food Agric. 2020 Jul 19.  

Incorporating healthy dietary changes in addition to an increase in fruit and vegetable intake further improves the status of cardiovascular disease risk factors: A systematic review, meta-regression, and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Toh DWK, Koh ES, Kim JE. Nutr Rev. 2020 Jul 1;78(7):532-545.  SRMA

Reactions to an Online Demonstration of the Effect of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Consumption on Appearance: Survey Study.

Cairns P et al. J Med Internet Res. 2020 Jul 14;22(7):e15726.  RCT

Association of plasma biomarkers of fruit and vegetable intake with incident type 2 diabetes: EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study in eight European countries.

Zheng JS et al. BMJ. 2020 Jul 8;370:m2194.  Prospective Cohort Study

Food Insecurity Was Associated with Lower Fruits and Vegetables Consumption but Not with Overweight and Obesity in Children from Mexican Fishing Communities.

Murillo-Castillo KD et al. Ecol Food Nutr. 2020 Jul-Aug;59(4):420-435.   Cross-Sectional Study
  Fruit-Based Beverages Contain a Wide Range of Phytochemicals and Intervention Targets Should Account for the Individual Compounds Present and Their Availability. Bestwick C et al. Foods. 2020 Jul 7;9(7):891.  Cross-Sectional Study
Computers, carbohydrates and cola: Designing an online lab experience for undergraduate health sciences and non-majors in a pandemic paradigm. Mahaffey AL.Biochem Mol Biol Educ. 2020 Jul 18.  RCT
One-year changes in sugar-sweetened beverage consumers' purchases following implementation of a beverage tax: a longitudinal quasi-experiment. Lawman HG et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jul 3:nqaa158.  Prospective Cohort Study
Changes in the amount of nutrient of packaged foods and beverages after the initial implementation of the Chilean Law of Food Labelling and Advertising: A nonexperimental prospective study. Reyes M et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Jul 28;17(7):e1003220.  Prospective Cohort Study
Child Care Sites Participating in the Federal Child and Adult Care Food Program Provide More Nutritious Foods and Beverages. Gurzo K et al. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2020 Jul;52(7):697-704.  Cross-Sectional Study
The Importance of Sweet Beverage Definitions When Targeting Health Policies-The Case of Switzerland. Sousa A, Sych J, Rohrmann S, Faeh D.Nutrients. 2020 Jul 3;12(7):E1976.  Narrative Review
A Randomized, Double-Blind, Crossover Study to Determine the Available Energy from Soluble Fiber. Canene-Adams K et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Jul 30:1-7.  RCT

 

June 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in June 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Sugar and artificially sweetened beverages and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and all-cause mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Qin P et al. Eur J Epidemiol. 2020 Jun 11.  SRMA

Body weight of individuals with obesity decreases after a 6-month high pasta or low pasta Mediterranean diet weight-loss intervention.

Rosi A et al.Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Jun 9;30(6):984-995. RCT

Added sugar and sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with increased postpartum weight gain and soluble fiber intake is associated with postpartum weight loss in Hispanic women from Southern California.

Alderete TL et al.Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jun 29.  Prospective Cohort Study

Added sugar intake is associated with pericardial adipose tissue volume.

Yi SY, et al. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2020.  Prospective Cohort Study 

Added sugar and trans fatty acid intake and sedentary behavior were associated with excess total-body and central adiposity in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease.

Honicky M et al.Pediatr Obes. 2020 Jun;15(6):e12623.  Prospective Cohort Study

Carbohydrate Intake in Early Childhood and Body Composition and Metabolic Health: Results from the Generation R Study.

Nguyen AN et al.Nutrients. 2020 Jun 30;12(7):E1940.  Prospective Cohort Study

Personality and eating habits revisited: Associations between the big five, food choices, and Body Mass Index in a representative Australian sample.

Pfeiler TM, Egloff B.Appetite. 2020 Jun 1;149:104607. Cross-Sectional Study

Contribution of macronutrients to obesity: implications for precision nutrition.

San-Cristobal R et al.Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2020 Jun;16(6):305-320.  Narrative Review
Diabetes

Protein and carbohydrate distribution among the meals: Effect on metabolic parameters of patients with type 2 diabetes: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial.

Nouripour F et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Jun 4:1-24.  RCT

Effects of a modestly lower carbohydrate diet in gestational diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.

Mijatovic J et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jun 15:nqaa137. RCT

Association of artificially sweetened and sugar-sweetened soft drinks with β-cell function, insulin sensitivity, and type 2 diabetes: the Maastricht Study.

den Biggelaar LJCJ et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Jun;59(4):1717-1727.  Prospective Cohort Study

Cumulative soft drink consumption is associated with insulin resistance in Mexican adults.

Rivera-Paredez B et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jun 29:nqaa169  Prospective Cohort Study

Effects of nationwide lockdown during COVID-19 epidemic on lifestyle and other medical issues of patients with type 2 diabetes in north India.

Ghosh A et al. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Jun 2;14(5):917-920.  Cross-Sectional Study

Factors associated with dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in pregnant women and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus.

Hasbullah FY et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Jun;71(4):516-524.  Narrative Review
Cardiovascular Disease 

Carbohydrate quality, glycemic index, glycemic load and cardiometabolic risks in the US, Europe and Asia: A dose-response meta-analysis.

Hardy DS et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Jun 9;30(6):853-871.  SRMA

Blood Orange Juice Consumption Increases Flow-Mediated Dilation in Adults with Overweight and Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Li L et al. J Nutr. 2020 Jun 8:nxaa158.  RCT

Dried fruit consumption and cardiometabolic health:  randomized crossover trial.

Sullivan VK et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Jun 9:1-32.  RCT

Is Macronutrients Intake a Challenge for Cardiometabolic Risk in Obese Adolescents?

Vizzuso S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 16;12(6):E1785.  Cross-Sectional Study

Cardiovascular Effects of Energy Drinks in the Pediatric Population.

Moussa M, et al. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020. Narrative Review

Fructose and Uric Acid: Major Mediators of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Starting at Pediatric Age.

Russo E et al. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Jun 24;21(12):E4479.  Narrative Review
Cancer

Carbohydrate quantity and quality affect the risk of endometrial cancer: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.

Sadeghi A et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Jun;39(6):1681-1691. SRMA

A Randomized Controlled Trial of a 6-Month Low-Carbohydrate Intervention on Disease Progression in Men with Recurrent Prostate Cancer: Carbohydrate and Prostate Study 2 (CAPS2).

Freedland SJ, et al. Clin Cancer Res. 2020.  RCT

Consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and risk of cancers not related to obesity.

Bassett JK et al. Int J Cancer. 2020 Jun 15;146(12):3329-3334.  Prospective Cohort Study

Intake of Common Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Breast Cancer Risk among Japanese Women: Findings from the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study.

Sinnadurai S et al. J Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2020 Jun 1;21(6):1701-1707.  Prospective Cohort Study

Carbohydrate Intake, Glycemic Index, and Glycemic Load and the Risk of Breast Cancer among Iranian Women.

Alboghobeish Z et al. Nutr Cancer. 2020 Jun 9:1-9.  Prospective Cohort Study
Dental Health 

Changes in dental caries and sugar intake before and during the conflict in Libya: A natural experiment.

Arheiam AA et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2020 Jun;48(3):201-207.  Prospective Cohort Study

What factors are associated with early childhood dental caries? A longitudinal study of the Growing Up in New Zealand cohort.

Thornley S et al. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2020 Jun 30.  Prospective Cohort Study

A WHO Pathfinder Survey of Dental Caries in 6 and 12-Year Old Transylvanian Children and the Possible Correlation with Their Family Background, Oral-Health Behavior, and the Intake of Sweets.

Ondine Lucaciu P et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jun 11;17(11):4180.  Cross-Sectional Study

Associations of nutritional status, sugar and second-hand smoke exposure with dental caries among 3- to 6-year old Malaysian pre-schoolers: a cross-sectional study

Lee ZL et al. BMC Oral Health. 2020 Jun 3;20(1):164.  Cross-Sectional Study

Higher sugar intake is associated with periodontal disease in adolescents.

Moreira ARO et al. Clin Oral Investig. 2020 Jun 9.   Narrative Review
Other Chronic Diseases 

The Effect of Fructose Feeding on Intestinal Triacylglycerol Production and De Novo Fatty Acid Synthesis in Humans.

Steenson S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 15;12(6):E1781.  RCT

Long-term dietary intervention reveals resilience of the gut microbiota despite changes in diet and weight.

Fragiadakis GK et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Jun 1;111(6):1127-1136.  RCT

Excess free fructose, apple juice, high fructose corn syrup and childhood asthma risk - the National Children's Study.

DeChristopher LR, Tucker KL. Nutr J. 2020 Jun 23;19(1):60 Prospective Cohort Study

Mortality attributable to sugar sweetened beverages consumption in Mexico: an update.

Braverman-Bronstein A et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2020 Jun;44(6):1341-1349.  Narrative Review

Fructose-mediated effects on gene expression and epigenetic mechanisms associated with NAFLD pathogenesis.

DiStefano JK. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2020 Jun;77(11):2079-2090.  Narrative Review

Pathobiological and molecular connections involved in the high fructose and high fat diet induced diabetes associated nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Ekta et al. Inflamm Res. 2020 Jun 23.  Narrative Review 
Dietary Intake Assessment

Can point-of-sale nutrition information and health warnings encourage reduced preference for sugary drinks?: An experimental study.

Scully M et al. Appetite. 2020 Jun 1;149:104612. RCT

Relations between sweetened beverage consumption and individual, interpersonal, and environmental factors: a 6-year longitudinal study in German children and adolescents.

Schneider S et al. Int J Public Health. 2020 Jun 20.  Cross-Sectional Study

Total Energy Intake and Self-Selected Macronutrient Distribution During Wildland Fire Suppression.

Marks AN et al. Wilderness Environ Med. 2020 Jun;31(2):188-196.  Cross-Sectional Study

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Pregnant and Non-pregnant Women of Reproductive Age

Lundeen EA, et al. Matern Child Health J. 2020.  Cross-Sectional Study

Dietary patterns associated with meeting the WHO free sugars intake guidelines

Steele C, et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020.  Cross-Sectional Study

Factors associated with sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in adults with children in the home after a statewide health communications program.

James SA, et al. BMC Nutr. 2020.  Cross-Sectional Study

Trends in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among California children.

Beck AL et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Jun 29:1-6 Cross-Sectional Study

Total and Free Sugars Consumption in a Slovenian Population Representative Sample.

Zupanič N et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 9;12(6):E1729. Cross-Sectional Study

Distribution of sugar-sweetened beverage sales volume by sugar content in the United States: implications for tiered taxation and tax revenue.

Powell LM et al. J Public Health Policy. 2020 Jun;41(2):125-138.  Cross-Sectional Study

Demographic Groups Likely Affected by Regulating Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Portion Sizes.

Smith NR et al. Am J Prev Med. 2020 Jun 20:S0749-3797(20)30140-9.  Cross-Sectional Study

Identifying geographic differences in children's sugar-sweetened beverage and 100% fruit juice intake using health system data.

Palakshappa D et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Jun 17.  Cross-Sectional Study

Exploring temporal self-regulation theory to predict sugar-sweetened beverage consumption.

Moran A, Mullan B. Psychol Health. 2020 Jun 3:1-17.  Cross-Sectional Study

Examining school-level implementation of British Columbia, Canada's school food and beverage sales policy: a realist evaluation.

Levay AV et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Jun;23(8):1460-1471.  Cross-Sectional Study

Investigating foods and beverages sold and advertised in deprived urban neighbourhoods in Ghana and Kenya: a cross-sectional study.

Green MA et al. BMJ Open. 2020 Jun 28;10(6):e035680.  Cross-Sectional Study

Does Exposure to the Choose Water Campaign Increase Parental Intentions to Promote More Water and Less Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption?

Caldwell JI et al. Am J Health Promot. 2020 Jun;34(5):555-558. Cross-Sectional Study

Overuse of Non-caloric Sweeteners in Foods and Beverages in Chile: A Threat to Consumers' Free Choice?

Sambra V et al. Front Nutr. 2020 Jun 17;7:68.  Narrative Review

Perspective: Chaos in a Bottle-A Critical Evaluation of Beverage Categorization in Nutrition Research.

Merkel PE et al. Adv Nutr. 2020 Jun 17:nmaa068.  Narrative Review
Diet Quality & Nutrient Adequacy 

The Effect of Front-of-Pack Nutritional Labels and Back-of-Pack Tables on Dietary Quality.

Rønnow HN. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 6;12(6):E1704.  Cross-Sectional Study

Self-perception of dietary quality and adherence to food groups dietary recommendations among Mexican adults.

Batis C et al. Nutr J. 2020 Jun 22;19(1):59.  Cross-Sectional Study

Role of different nutrient profiling models in identifying targeted foods for front-of-package food labelling in Brazil.

Duran AC et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Jun 9:1-12. Cross-Sectional Study

Association between diet quality and food waste in Canadian families: a cross-sectional study.

Carroll N et al. Nutr J. 2020 Jun 9;19(1):54.  Cross-Sectional Study

Destigmatizing Carbohydrate with Food Labeling: The Use of Non-Mandatory Labelling to Highlight Quality Carbohydrate Foods.

Marinangeli CPF et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 9;12(6):E1725.  Narrative Review
Eating Behaviour

A Systematic Review and Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis of fMRI Studies on Sweet Taste in Humans.

Roberts CA et al. J Nutr. 2020 Jun 1;150(6):1619-1630.  SRMA

Sweet satiation: Acute effects of consumption of sweet drinks on appetite for and intake of sweet and non-sweet foods.

Rogers PJ et al. Appetite. 2020 Jun 1;149:104631.  RCT

Eating occasion situational factors and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in young adults.

McNaughton SA et al. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2020 Jun 3;17(1):71.  RCT

Intragastric fructose administration interacts with emotional state in homeostatic and hedonic brain regions.

Iven J, et al. Nutr Neurosci RCT

A Habit-Based Randomised Controlled Trial to Reduce Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption: the Impact of the Substituted Beverage on Behaviour and Habit Strength.

Judah G et al. Int J Behav Med. 2020 Jun 5.  RCT

Resistant Starch Has No Effect on Appetite and Food Intake in Individuals with Prediabetes.

White U et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 Jun;120(6):1034-1041. RCT

Does eating in the absence of hunger extend to healthy snacks in children?

Kral TVE et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Jun 16:e12659.  RCT

An Afternoon Hummus Snack Affects Diet Quality, Appetite, and Glycemic Control in Healthy Adults.

Reister EJ, Leidy HJ. J Nutr. 2020 Jun 3:nxaa139.  RCT

Clustering of Sedentary Behaviours, Physical Activity, and Energy-Dense Food Intake in Six-Year-Old Children: Associations with Family Socioeconomic Status.

Yang-Huang J et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 9;12(6):E1722.  Prospective Cohort Study

Relationship between Sucrose Taste Detection Thresholds and Preferences in Children, Adolescents, and Adults.

Petty S et al.Nutrients. 2020 Jun 29;12(7):E1918. Cross-Sectional Study

Changes in Dietary Behaviours during the COVID-19 Outbreak Confinement in the Spanish COVIDiet Study.

Rodríguez-Pérez C et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 10;12(6):E1730 Cross-Sectional Study

Current Progress in Understanding the Structure and Function of Sweet Taste Receptor.

Yang L, Cui M, Liu B.J Mol Neurosci. 2020 Jun 30. Narrative Review 

Intense Sweeteners, Taste Receptors and the Gut Microbiome: A Metabolic Health Perspective.

Turner A et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jun 8;17(11):4094.  Narrative Review
Physical Activity

A Hydrogel Drink With High Fructose Content Generates Higher Exogenous Carbohydrate Oxidation and Lower Dental Biofilm pH Compared to Two Other, Commercially Available, Carbohydrate Sports Drinks.

Pettersson S et al. Front Nutr. 2020 Jun 12;7:88.  RCT

Effect of acute watermelon juice supplementation on post-submaximal exercise heart rate recovery, blood lactate, blood pressure, blood glucose and muscle soreness in healthy non-athletic men and women.

Blohm K et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Jun;71(4):482-489.  RCT

Comparable Exogenous Carbohydrate Oxidation from Lactose or Sucrose during Exercise.

Odell OJ, Podlogar T, Wallis GA. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Jun 8.  RCT
Mental Health

Effect of glucose and sucrose on cognition in healthy humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventional studies.

García CR et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Jun 25:nuaa036.  SRMA
The effect of postprandial glycaemia on cognitive function: a randomised crossover trial. Marchand OM et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Jun 28;123(12):1357-1364.  RCT

Soft drink consumption and mental health problems: Longitudinal relations in children and adolescents.

Kadel P, Schneider S, Mata J.Soc Sci Med. 2020 Aug;258:113123.  Prospective Cohort Study

Associations of dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes with cognition among children.

Naveed S et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Jun;23(9):1657-1663.  Cross-Sectional Study
Knowledge & Perceptions

Influence of front-of-pack labelling and regulated nutrition claims on consumers' perceptions of product healthfulness and purchase intentions: A randomized controlled trial.

Franco-Arellano B et al. Appetite. 2020 Jun 1;149:104629.  RCT

The Effect of an Online Sugar Fact Intervention: Change of Mothers with Young Children.

Chen YC et al. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 22;12(6):E1859.  RCT
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics

To beer or not to beer: A meta-analysis of the effects of beer consumption on cardiovascular health.

Spaggiari G et al. PLoS One. 2020 Jun 3;15(6):e0233619.  SRMA

Consumption of Diet Soda Sweetened with Sucralose and Acesulfame-Potassium Alters Inflammatory Transcriptome Pathways in Females with Overweight and Obesity.

Sylvetsky AC et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Jun;64(11):e1901166.  RCT

The effect of the artificial sweeteners on glucose metabolism in healthy adults: a randomized, double-blinded, crossover clinical trial.

Ahmad SY et al. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020 Jun;45(6):606-612.  RCT

Adherence to low-calorie and low-sugar diets is uniquely associated with distinct facets of appearance/weight-related smoking motivations.

Coniglio KA et al. J Behav Med. 2020 Jun;43(3):487-492.  RCT

Image database of Japanese food samples with nutrition information.

Sato W et al. PeerJ. 2020 Jun 17;8:e9206.  Cross-Sectional Study

Non-nutritive Sweeteners and Their Associations with Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes.

Walbolt J, Koh Y.J Obes Metab Syndr. 2020 Jun 30;29(2):114-123.  Narrative Review

Effects of Non-nutritive Sweeteners on Sweet Taste Processing and Neuroendocrine Regulation of Eating Behavior.

Yunker AG et al. Curr Nutr Rep. 2020 Jun 25.  Narrative Review

May 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in May 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Soft drink intake is associated with weight gain, regardless of physical activity levels: the health workers cohort study.

González-Morales R et al.Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2020 May 12;17(1):60.  Prospective Cohort Study

Gender differences in the relationship between dietary energy and macronutrients intake and body weight outcomes in Chinese adults.

Zhao J et al.Nutr J. 2020 May 18;19(1):45.  Prospective Cohort Study

Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and association with weight status in Irish children: a cross-sectional study prior to the introduction of a government tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.

Harrington JM et al.Public Health Nutr. 2020 May 28:1-11.  Cross-Sectional Study

The Effects of Carbohydrate-Restricted Dietary Patterns and Physical Activity on Body Weight and Glycemic Control.

Kirkpatrick CF et al.Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2020 May 28;22(6):20. Narrative Review

Low-carbohydrate interventions for adolescent obesity: Nutritional adequacy and guidance for clinical practice.

Jebeile H et al.Clin Obes. 2020 May 18:e12370.  Narrative Review
Diabetes

Consuming decaffeinated coffee with milk and sugar added before a high glycaemic index meal improves postprandial glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in healthy adults.

Wong THT et al.Br J Nutr. 2020 May 18:1-30. RCT

Intrahepatic Fat and Postprandial Glycemia Increase After Consumption of a Diet Enriched in Saturated Fat Compared With Free Sugars.

Parry SA et al.Diabetes Care. 2020 May;43(5):1134-1141. RCT

Effects of a highly controlled carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet on markers of oxidatively generated nucleic acid modifications and inflammation in weight stable participants with type 2 diabetes; a randomized controlled trial.

Skytte MJ et al.Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2020 May 6:1-7. RCT

Substituting Lean Beef for Carbohydrate in a Healthy Dietary Pattern Does Not Adversely Affect the Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Profile in Men and Women at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes.

Maki KC et al.J Nutr. 2020 May 2:nxaa116. doi: 10.1093/jn/nxaa116. RCT

Effects of high and low sucrose-containing beverages on blood glucose and hypoglycemic-like symptoms.

Markus CR et al.Physiol Behav. 2020 May 13;222:112916. RCT

Acute effects of an isocaloric macronutrient-matched breakfast meal containing almonds on glycemic, hormonal, and appetite responses in men with type 2 diabetes: a randomized crossover study.

Bodnaruc AM et al.Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020 May;45(5):520-529.  RCT

Effects of substituting eggs for high-carbohydrate breakfast foods on the cardiometabolic risk-factor profile in adults at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Maki KC et al.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 May;74(5):784-795.  RCT

Effects and feasibility of a prehabilitation programme incorporating a low-carbohydrate, high-fat dietary approach in patients with type 2 diabetes: A retrospective study.

Laza-Cagigas R et al.Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 May-Jun;14(3):257-263.  RCT

Exploring the Diversity of Sugar Compounds in Healthy, Prediabetic, and Diabetic Volunteers.

Mack CI et al.Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 May;64(9):e1901190.  Cross-Sectional Study

Association between dietary glycemic index and glycemic load, insulin index and load with incidence of age-related cataract: Results from a case-control study.

Movahedian M et al.Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 May-Jun;14(3):199-204.  Case-Control Study

Glycemic Index (GI) or Glycemic Load (GL) and Dietary Interventions for Optimizing Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Patients with T2 Diabetes: A Review.

Vlachos D et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 27;12(6):E1561.  Narrative Review

Factors Beyond Carbohydrate to Consider When Determining Meantime Insulin Doses: Protein, Fat, Timing, and Technology.

Evert AB.Diabetes Spectr. 2020 May;33(2):149-155.  Narrative Review
Cardiovascular Disease

The effects of regular consumption of green or black tea beverage on blood pressure in those with elevated blood pressure or hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Mahdavi-Roshan M et al.Complement Ther Med. 2020 Jun;51:102430.  SRMA

Acute Effects of Three Different Meal Patterns on Postprandial Metabolism in Older Individuals with a Risk Phenotype for Cardiometabolic Diseases: A Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial.

Schönknecht YB et al.Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 May;64(9):e1901035 RCT
Comparing Self-Reported Sugar Intake With the Sucrose and Fructose Biomarker From Overnight Urine Samples in Relation to Cardiometabolic Risk Factors.

Ramne S et al.Front Nutr. 2020 May 6;7:62. 

Prospective Cohort Study

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in the California Teachers Study.

Pacheco LS et al.J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 May 18;9(10):e014883.  Prospective Cohort Study

Influence of total sugar intake on metabolic blood markers at 8 years of age in the Childhood Obesity Project.

Aumueller N et al.Eur J Nutr. 2020 May 6.  Cross-Sectional Study

Association between Three Low-Carbohydrate Diet Scores and Lipid Metabolism among Chinese Adults.

Tan LJ et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 3;12(5):E1307.  Cross-Sectional Study
Other Chronic Diseases

Diets with lower carbohydrate concentrations improve insulin sensitivity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A meta-analysis.

Porchia LM et al.Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2020 May;248:110-117.  SRMA

Adherence to diet low in fermentable carbohydrates and traditional diet for irritable bowel syndrome.

Clevers E et al.Nutrition. 2020 May;73:110719.  RCT

Carbohydrate quality index and breast cancer risk in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN project.

Romanos-Nanclares A et al.Clin Nutr. 2020 May 4:S0261-5614(20)30211-9.  Prospective Cohort Study

Dietary Carbohydrate Intake, Dietary Glycemic Load and Outcomes of In Vitro Fertilization: Findings from an Observational Italian Cohort Study.

Noli SA et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 28;12(6):E1568.  Prospective Cohort Study

Consumption of acidic drinks, knowledge and concern about dental erosive wear in Norwegian high school students.

Melbye EL et al.Acta Odontol Scand. 2020 May 14:1-9.  Cross-Sectional Study

Early Introduction of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Caries Trajectories from Age 12 to 48 Months.

Bernabé E et al.J Dent Res. 2020 May 6:22034520917398. Cross-Sectional Study

Association of calorie and carbohydrate intake with tumour grade in early diagnosis of breast cancer: a case-control study.

Hatami M et al.Arch Physiol Biochem. 2020 May 6:1-4.  Case-Control Study

Evaluating the Dietary Intakes of Energy, Macronutrients, Sugar, Fiber and Micronutrients in Children with Celiac Disease.

Sue A et al.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020 May 11.  Case-Control Study

Critical and emerging topics in dietary carbohydrates and health.

Dall'Asta M et al.Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 May;71(3):286-295.  Narrative Review

Early menarche and its consequence in Korean female: reducing fructose intake could be one solution.

Kim JH et al.Clin Exp Pediatr. 2020 May 14.  Narrative Review

Recent advances in the pathogenesis of hereditary fructose intolerance: implications for its treatment and the understanding of fructose-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Buziau AM et al.Cell Mol Life Sci. 2020 May;77(9):1709-1719.  Narrative Review

High Intake of Sugar and the Balance between Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Gut Bacteria.

Satokari R. Nutrients 2020 May 8;12(5):E1348 Narrative Review

Adaptation of the Gut Microbiota to Modern Dietary Sugars and Sweeteners.

Di Rienzi SC, Britton RA.Adv Nutr. 2020 May 1;11(3):616-629.  Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment

Can the updated nutrition facts label decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption?

Neuhofer Z et al.Econ Hum Biol. 2020 May;37:100867.  RCT

Shift work relationships with same- and subsequent-day empty calorie food and beverage consumption.

Lin TT et al.Scand J Work Environ Health. 2020 May 25:3903.  Cross-Sectional Study

Food Insecurity and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Among WIC-Enrolled Families in the First 1,000 Days.

Fernández CR et al.J Nutr Educ Behav. 2020 May 19:S1499-4046(20)30153-6.  Cross-Sectional Study

Associations of Health Literacy and Menu-Labeling Usage With Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Adults in Mississippi, 2016.

Lee SH et al.Am J Health Promot. 2020 May 21:890117120927302. Cross-Sectional Study

Intake of Non-Nutritive Sweeteners in Chilean Children after Enforcement of a New Food Labeling Law that Regulates Added Sugar Content in Processed Foods.

Martínez X et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 29;12(6):E1594. Cross-Sectional Study

Who drinks soda pop? Economic status and adult consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.

Zagorsky JL, Smith PK.Econ Hum Biol. 2020 May 5;38:100888. Cross-Sectional Study

The association between sugar-sweetened beverage availability in school vending machines and school staff sugar-sweetened beverage consumption.

Rauzon S et al.Prev Med Rep. 2020 May 27;19:101128. Cross-Sectional Study

Correlates of sugar-sweetened beverages consumption among adolescents.

Beaulieu D et al.Public Health Nutr. 2020 May 8:1-10.  Cross-Sectional Study

The Impacts of Young Consumers' Health Values on Functional Beverages Purchase Intentions.

Chang HP et al.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 16;17(10):3479.  Cross-Sectional Study

Lunch on School Days in Canada: Examining Contributions to Nutrient and Food Group Intake and Differences across Eating Locations.

Tugault-Lafleur CN, Black JL.J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 May 24:S2212-2672(20)30065-4.  Cross-Sectional Study

Reducing consumption of unhealthy foods and beverages through banning price promotions: what is the evidence and will it work?

Watt TL et al.Public Health Nutr. 2020 May 5:1-6.  Narrative Review

Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages: Why is it difficult to control?

Razzaque MS.J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol.  Narrative Review
Eating Behaviour

Fructose vs glucose decreased liking/wanting and subsequent intake of high-energy foods in young women.

Ao H et al.Nutr Res. 2020 May 15;78:60-71.   RCT

Consumption of a smoothie or cereal-based breakfast: impact on thirst, hunger, appetite and subsequent dietary intake.

Myers C et al.Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 May 18:1-11.  RCT

Delayed meal timing after exercise is associated with reduced appetite and energy intake in adolescents with obesity.

Fillon A et al.Pediatr Obes. 2020 May 6. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12651 RCT

Stevia Beverage Consumption prior to Lunch Reduces Appetite and Total Energy Intake without Affecting Glycemia or Attentional Bias to Food Cues: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial in Healthy Adults.

Stamataki NS et al.J Nutr. 2020 May 1;150(5):1126-1134.  RCT

Social Jetlag, Eating Behaviours, and Body Mass Index among Adolescents in the United States.

Mathew GM et al.Br J Nutr. 2020 May 28:1-25.  Cross-Sectional Study
Physical Activity

The Effect of Ingesting Carbohydrate and Proteins on Athletic Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Kloby Nielsen LL et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 20;12(5):E1483 RCT

Addition of pectin-alginate to a carbohydrate beverage does not maintain gastrointestinal barrier function during exercise in hot-humid conditions better than carbohydrate ingestion alone.

Flood TR et al.Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020 May 4.  RCT

Caloric restriction induces anabolic resistance to resistance exercise.

Murphy C, Koehler K.Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 May;120(5):1155-1164. RCT

Momentary Physical Activity Co-Occurs with Healthy and Unhealthy Dietary Intake in African American College Freshmen.

Maher JP et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 9;12(5):E1360. RCT

Effects of 120 g/h of Carbohydrates Intake during a Mountain Marathon on Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage in Elite Runners.

Viribay A et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 11;12(5):E1367.  RCT
Mental Health

Short-term effects of carbohydrates differing in glycemic index (GI) consumed at lunch on children's cognitive function in a randomized crossover study.

Jansen K et al.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 May;74(5):757-764. RCT

Association between a low-carbohydrate diet and sleep status, depression, anxiety, and stress score.

Daneshzad E et al.J Sci Food Agric. 2020 May;100(7):2946-2952.  Cross-Sectional Study

The 'epileptic diet'- ketogenic and/or slow release of glucose intervention: A review.

Qi X, Tester RF.Clin Nutr. 2020 May;39(5):1324-1330.  Narrative Review
Knowledge & Perceptions

Knowledge, attitudes and practices with regard to sugar sweetened beverages and taxation among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Caribbean island of Barbados - A cross sectional survey in primary care.

Mangera KAS, Adams OP.Prim Care Diabetes. 2020 May 26:S1751-9918(20)30168-6.  Cross-Sectional Study
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics

Front of pack nutritional labelling schemes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of recent evidence relating to objectively measured consumption and purchasing.

Croker H et al.J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 May 4 SRMA

Family Meal Frequency, Diet, and Family Functioning: A Systematic Review With Meta-analyses.

Robson SM et al. 2020 May;52(5):553-564.  SRMA

Consumption of Diet Soda Sweetened with Sucralose and Acesulfame-Potassium Alters Inflammatory Transcriptome Pathways in Females with Overweight and Obesity.

Sylvetsky AC et al.Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Jun;64(11):e1901166.   RCT

The Use of SenseWear Armband for Assessment of Daily Energy Expenditure and the Relation to Body Fat Distribution and Nutritional Intake in Lean Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Arusoglu G.J Nutr Metab. 2020 May 6;2020:9191505 RCT

Fiction Is Sweet. The Impact of Media Consumption on the Development of Children's Nutritional Knowledge and the Moderating Role of Parental Food-Related Mediation. A Longitudinal Study.

Binder A et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 19;12(5):E1478.  Prospective Cohort Study

A comparison of the nutritional quality of products offered by the top packaged food and beverage companies in Canada.

Vergeer L et al.BMC Public Health. 2020 May 11;20(1):650.  Cross-Sectional Study

Assessing the Healthy Food Partnership's Proposed Nutrient Reformulation Targets for Foods and Beverages in Australia.

Rosewarne E et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 8;12(5):E1346.  Cross-Sectional Study

A 'whole systems' approach to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption: issues for global health promotion through a small island lens.

Jackson-Morris AM.Glob Health Promot. 2020 May 25:1757975920918587.  Narrative Review

Nonnutritive sweetener consumption during pregnancy, adiposity, and adipocyte differentiation in offspring: evidence from humans, mice, and cells.

Azad MB et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2020 May 4.  Narrative Review

Artificial sweeteners are related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Microbiota dysbiosis as a novel potential mechanism.

Emamat H et al.EXCLI J. 2020 May 12;19:620-626.  Narrative Review

April 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in April 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Comparison of dietary macronutrient patterns of 14 popular named dietary programmes for weight and cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised trials.

Ge L et al. BMJ. 2020 Apr 1;369:m696 SRMA

Effect of Plain Versus Sugar-Sweetened Breakfast on Energy Balance and Metabolic Health: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Carroll HA et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Apr;28(4):740-748.  RCT

Decreased Consumption of Added Fructose Reduces Waist Circumference and Blood Glucose Concentration in Patients with Overweight and Obesity. The DISFRUTE Study: A Randomised Trial in Primary Care.

Domínguez-Coello S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 19;12(4).  RCT

Predicting Weight Loss Using Psychological and Behavioral Factors: The POUNDS LOST Trial.

Liu X et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Apr 1;105(4).  RCT

Effects of timing of food intake on eating patterns, diet quality and weight gain during pregnancy.

Gontijo CA et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Apr 28;123(8):922-933.  RCT

Young adult nutrition and weight correlates of picky eating during childhood.

Pesch MH et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr;23(6):987-995. Cross- Sectional

Being obese versus trying to lose weight: Relationship with physical inactivity and soda drinking among high school students.

Heo M et al. J Sch Health. 2020 Apr;90(4):301-305.  Cross- Sectional

Obesity and tooth wear among American adults: the role of sugar-sweetened acidic drinks.

Kamal Y et al. Clin Oral Investig. 2020 Apr;24(4):1379-1385.  Narrative Review
Diabetes

High or low glycemic index (GI) meals at dinner results in greater postprandial glycemia compared with breakfast: a randomized controlled trial.

Haldar S et al. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2020 Apr;8(1).  RCT

Very Low and Higher Carbohydrate Diets Promote Differential Appetite Responses in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Trial.

Struik NA et al. J Nutr. 2020 Apr 1;150(4):800-805.  RCT

Carrageenan-Free Diet Shows Improved Glucose Tolerance and Insulin Signaling in Prediabetes: A Randomized, Pilot Clinical Trial.

Feferman L et al. J Diabetes Res. 2020 Apr 21;2020:8267980.  RCT

A food-based, low-energy, low-carbohydrate diet for people with type 2 diabetes in primary care: A randomized controlled feasibility trial.

Morris E et al. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020 Apr;22(4):512-520.  RCT

A Health-Conscious Food Pattern Is Associated with Prediabetes and Gut Microbiota in the Malmö Offspring Study.

Ericson U et al. J Nutr. 2020 Apr 1;150(4):861-872  Prospective Cohort

Glycemic responses to strenuous training in male professional cyclists with type 1 diabetes: a prospective observational study.

McCarthy O et al. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2020 Apr;8(1). Prospective Cohort

Association of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Frequency with Adiposity: Evidence from the "Children of 1997" Birth Cohort.

Zhang T et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 7;12(4). pii: E1015.   Prospective Cohort
Cadriovascular Disease

The Effects of Different Degrees of Carbohydrate Restriction and Carbohydrate Replacement on Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Humans-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Fechner E et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4).  SRMA

High-fructose corn syrup-sweetened soft drink consumption increases vascular resistance in the kidneys at rest and during sympathetic activation.

Chapman CL et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2020 Apr 1;318(4):F1053-F1065. RCT

Acute Effects of Three Different Meal Patterns on Postprandial Metabolism in Older Individuals with a Risk Phenotype for Cardiometabolic Diseases: A Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial.

Schönknecht YB et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 May;64(9):e1901035.  RCT

Effect of Daily Consumption of Cranberry Beverage on Insulin Sensitivity and Modification of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Obese Adults: A Pilot Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study.

Hsia DS et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Apr 17:1-27  RCT

Galactose Ingested with a High-Fat Beverage Increases Postprandial Lipemia Compared with Glucose but Not Fructose Ingestion in Healthy Men.

Watkins J et al. J Nutr. 2020 Apr 16. pii: nxaa105.  RCT

Low-carbohydrate diet and cardiovascular diseases in Iranian population: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study.

Farhadnejad H et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Apr 12;30(4):581-588.  Prospective Cohort
Dental Disease

Short-term effects of stain-causing beverages on tooth bleaching: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Chen YH et al. J Dent. 2020 Apr;95:103318.  RCT

Are Australian parents following feeding guidelines that will reduce their child's risk of dental caries?

Martin-Kerry J et al. Child Care Health Dev. 2020 Apr 4. Prospective Cohort

Dietary patterns associated with dental caries in adults in the United States.

Blostein FA et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2020 Apr;48(2):119-129.  Cross- Sectional
Other Chronic Diseases

Fructose Feeding and Hyperuricemia: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sayehmiri K et al. Clin Nutr Res. 2020 Apr 27;9(2):122-133.  SRMA

Dietary carbohydrate intake and risk of bone fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Mozaffari H et al. Public Health. 2020 Apr;181:102-109 SRMA

The associations of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened and naturally sweet juices with all-cause mortality in 198,285 UK Biobank participants: a prospective cohort study.

Anderson JJ et al. BMC Med. 2020 Apr 24;18(1):97 Prospective Cohort
Is consumption of fast-food and carbonated soft drink associated with anxiety-induced sleep disturbance among adolescents? A population-based study.

Khan A, Uddin R. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020 Apr;36:162-165.

Cross- Sectional

The Joint Effects of Some Beverages Intake and Smoking on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korean Adults: Data Analysis of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 2008-2015.

Min JE et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Apr 10;17(7).  Cross- Sectional
High-fat or high-sugar diets as trigger inflammation in the microbiota-gut-brain axis Jamar G et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Apr 8:1-19.  Narrative Review

Fructose Production and Metabolism in the Kidney.

Nakagawa T et al. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2020 May;31(5):898-906 Narrative Review

You Are What You Eat-The Relationship between Diet, Microbiota, and Metabolic Disorders-A Review.

Moszak M et al. Nutrients. 2020. Apr 15;12:4 Narrative Review

Role of Gut Microbiota in Neuroendocrine Regulation of Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism via the Microbiota-Gut-Brain-Liver Axis.

Wang SZ et al. Microorganisms. 2020 Apr 7;8(4).  Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment

Canadian Adults with Moderate Intakes of Total Sugars have Greater Intakes of Fibre and Key Micronutrients: Results from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2015 Public Use Microdata File.

Wang YF et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 17;12(4).  Cross- Sectional

Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and obesity in SNAP-eligible children and adolescents.

Twarog JP et al. Prim Care Diabetes. 2020 Apr;14(2):181-185. Cross-Sectional

Protein intake is more stable than carbohydrate or fat intake across various US demographic groups and international populations.

Lieberman HR et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Apr 16. pii: nqaa044.  Cross-Sectional

Age and time trends in sugar intake among children and adolescents: results from the DONALD study.

Perrar I et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Apr;59(3):1043-1054.  Cross-Sectional

Total, added and free sugar intakes, dietary sources and determinants of consumption in Portugal: the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (IAN-AF 2015-2016).

Marinho AR et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr;23(5):869-881.  Cross-Sectional

High consumption of energy-dense nutrient-poor foods among low-income groups in the Mississippi Delta and Alabama.

Cohen DA et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr;23(6):1067-1075.  Cross-Sectional

Lack of in-home piped water and reported consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among adults in rural Alaska.

Mosites E et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr;23(5):861-868.  Cross-Sectional

Update of the BEVQ-15, a beverage intake questionnaire for habitual beverage intake for adults: determining comparative validity and reproducibility.

Fausnacht AG et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Apr 13.  Cross-Sectional

Dietary sources of free sugars in the diet of European children: the IDEFICS Study.

Graffe MIM et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Apr;59(3):979-989.  Cross-Sectional

Correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption of Malaysian preschoolers aged 3 to 6 years.

Foo LH et al. BMC Public Health. 2020 Apr 25;20(1):552.  Cross-Sectional

How Can We Motivate People to Use Nutritional Warnings in Decision Making? Citizen Co-Created Insights for the Development of Communication Campaigns.

Ares G et al. Health Educ Behav. 2020 Apr;47(2):321-331. 

Cross-Sectional

Examining the relationship between sugars contents of Canadian foods and beverages and child-appealing marketing.

Bernstein JT et al. Can J Public Health. 2020 Apr;111(2):239-246 Market Analysis

Distributional Changes in U.S. Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Purchases, 2002-2014.

Valizadeh P et al. Am J Prev Med. 2020 Apr 30. Market Analysis

Sales of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in Australia: A Trend Analysis from 1997 to 2018.

Shrapnel WS et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 7;12(4)  Market Analysis

The sugar content of children's and lunchbox beverages sold in the UK before and after the soft drink industry levy.

Chu BTY et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Apr;74(4):598-603.  Market Analysis
Diet Quality

Dietary patterns associated with meeting the WHO free sugars intake guidelines.

Steele C et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Jun;23(9):1495-1506 Cross-Sectional

Micronutrient Dilution and Added Sugars Intake in U.S. Adults: Examining This Association Using NHANES 2009-2014.

Fulgoni VL 3rd et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4).  Cross-Sectional
Eating Behaviour

A Systematic Review and Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis of fMRI Studies on Sweet Taste in Humans.

Roberts CA et al. J Nutr. 2020 Apr 9. pii: nxaa071.  SRMA

Suppression of Oral Sweet Sensations during Consumption of Sweet Food in Humans: Effects on Gastric Emptying Rate, Glycemic Response, Appetite, Food Satisfaction and Desire for Basic Tastes.

Kashima N et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 28;12(5).  RCT

The effect on satiety of ingesting isosweet and isoenergetic sucrose- and isomaltulose-sweetened beverages: a randomised crossover trial.

Mills BM et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Apr 24:1-7.  RCT

Appetite and energy intake responses to breakfast consumption and carbohydrate supplementation in hypoxia.

Griffiths A et al. Appetite. 2020 Apr 1;147:104564 RCT

Consuming Gymnema sylvestre Reduces the Desire for High-Sugar Sweet Foods.

Turner S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 10;12(4).  RCT

Foraging minds in modern environments: High-calorie and savory-taste biases in human food spatial memory.

de Vries R et al. Appetite. 2020 Apr 22;152:104718.  RCT

Using a Socioecological Approach to Identify Factors Associated with Adolescent Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake.

Yuhas M et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 Apr 22.  Cross-Sectional

Relationship between night shift work, eating habits and BMI among nurses in Lebanon.

Samhat Z et al. BMC Nurs. 2020 Apr 15;19:25 Cross-Sectional

Eggs, sugar, grated bones: colour-based food preferences in autism, eating disorders, and beyond.

Strand M. Med Humanit. 2020 Apr 27.  Cross-Sectional
Physical Activity 

The Effects of Low- and High-Glycemic Index Sport Nutrition Bars on Metabolism and Performance in Recreational Soccer Players.

Kaviani M et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4).  RCT

Strength plus Endurance Training and Individualized Diet Reduce Fat Mass in Overweight Subjects: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Benito PJ et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Apr 10;17(7).  RCT

Hot-water immersion does not increase postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates during recovery from resistance-type exercise in healthy, young males.

Fuchs CJ et al. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2020 Apr 1;128(4):1012-1022.   RCT

Acute Effect of the Timing of Resistance Exercise and Nutrient Intake on Muscle Protein Breakdown.

Kume W et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 22;12(4).  RCT

Addition of Caffeine to a Carbohydrate Feeding Strategy Prior to Intermittent Exercise.

Hulton AT et al. Int J Sports Med. 2020 Apr 6. RCT

Probiotic supplementation increases carbohydrate metabolism in trained male cyclists: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial.

Pugh JN et al. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Apr 1;318(4):E504-E513.   RCT

A 3-day dietary manipulation affects muscle glycogen and results in modifications of carbohydrate and fat metabolism during exercise when hyperglycaemic.

Malone JJ et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 Apr;120(4):873-882.   RCT
Mental Health

Empirically derived dietary patterns and food groups intake in relation with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Shareghfarid E et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020 Apr;36:28-35.  SRMA

A Meta-Analysis of Abnormal Glucose Metabolism in First-Episode Drug-Naive Schizophrenia.

Yang W et al. Psychiatr Danub. 2020 Spring;32(1):46-54.  SRMA

Adherence to low-calorie and low-sugar diets is uniquely associated with distinct facets of appearance/weight-related smoking motivations.

Coniglio KA et al. J Behav Med. 2020 Apr  Cross-Sectional

The Psychological Models of Health-related Behavior in Understanding Sugars Intake in Adults: A Review.

Al Rawahi SH et al. Oman Med J. 2020 Apr 12;35(2):e114.  Narrative Review
Knowledge & Perceptions

Knowledge and Perceptions of Carbohydrates among Nutrition-Major and Nutrition-Elective Undergraduate Students in Canada.

Wang YF et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Apr 16:1-8.  Cross-Sectional
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics

Consumption of Diet Soda Sweetened with Sucralose and Acesulfame-Potassium Alters Inflammatory Transcriptome Pathways in Females with Overweight and Obesity.

Sylvetsky AC et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Apr 13:e1901166 RCT

Chronic sucralose consumption induces elevation of serum insulin in young healthy adults: a randomized, double blind, controlled trial.

Bueno-Hernández N et al. Nutr J. 2020 Apr 13;19(1):32  RCT

Impact of sugar taxes and front-of-package nutrition labels on purchases of protein, calcium and fibre.

Acton RB et al. Prev Med. 2020 Apr 15;136:106091.   RCT

Promoting healthy beverage consumption habits among elementary school children: results of the Healthy Kids Community Challenge 'Water Does Wonders' interventions in London, Ontario.

Irwin BR et al. Can J Public Health. 2020 Apr;111(2):257-268. RCT

Chronic sucralose consumption induces elevation of serum insulin in young healthy adults: a randomized, double blind, controlled trial.

Bueno-Hernández N et al. Nutr J. 2020 Apr 13;19(1):32  RCT

Consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners during pregnancy.

Palatnik A et al. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Apr 8 Cross-Sectional

First study of its kind on the microplastic contamination of soft drinks, cold tea and energy drinks - Future research and environmental considerations.

Shruti VC et al. Sci Total Environ. 2020 Apr 14;726:138580. Cross-Sectional

Low-carbohydrate, healthy-fat eating: A cost comparison with national dietary guidelines.

Zinn C et al. Nutr Diet. 2020 Apr;77(2):283-291 Case Study

Plausible Biological Interactions of Low- and Non-Calorie Sweeteners with the Intestinal Microbiota: An Update of Recent Studies.

Plaza-Diaz J et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 21;12(4).  Narrative Review

Lactose, Maltose, and Sucrose in Health and Disease.

Qi X et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Apr;64(8):e1901082.   Narrative Review

Carbohydrates in nutrition: friend or foe?

Großkopf A et al. Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2020 Apr 24.   Narrative Review

March 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in March 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Carbohydrate restriction in the morning increases weight loss effect of a hypocaloric Mediterranean type diet: a randomized, parallel group dietary intervention in overweight and obese subjects.

Dellis D et al. Nutrition. 2020 Mar;71:110578 RCT
A Carbohydrate Beverage Reduces Monocytes Expressing TLR4 in Children with Overweight or Obesity. Niemiro GM et al. J Nutr. 2020 Mar 1;150(3):616-622. RCT 
Diabetes

Effect of fructose and its epimers on postprandial carbohydrate metabolism: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Braunstein CR et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar 10. S0261-5614(20)30104-7.  SRMA

Diets with lower carbohydrate concentrations improve insulin sensitivity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A meta-analysis.

Porchia LM et al. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2020;248:110-117.  SRMA

Effects of stevia on glycemic and lipid profile of type 2 diabetic patients: A randomized controlled trial.

Ajami M et al. Avicenna J Phytomed. 2020 Mar-Apr;10(2):118-127.  RCT

Glucose and protein metabolic responses to an energy- but not protein- restricted diet in type 2 diabetes.

Coussa A et al. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020 Mar 12 RCT

A low-carbohydrate protein-rich bedtime snack to control fasting and nocturnal glucose in type 2 diabetes: A randomized trial.

Abbie E et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar 13. pii: S0261-5614(20)30111-4. RCT

Lemon juice, but not tea, reduces the glycemic response to bread in healthy volunteers: a randomized crossover trial.

Freitas D et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Mar 23. RCT

Short-Term Consumption of Sucralose with, but Not without, Carbohydrate Impairs Neural and Metabolic Sensitivity to Sugar in Humans.

Dalenberg JR et al. Cell Metab. 2020 Mar 3;31(3):493-502.e7 RCT

Effects of the low carbohydrate, high fat diet on glycemic control and body weight in patients with type 2 diabetes: experience from a community-based cohort.

Ahmed SR et al. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2020 Mar;8(1). 

 

Lipid Metabolism Links Nutrient-Exercise Timing to Insulin Sensitivity in Men Classified as Overweight or Obese.

Edinburgh RM et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Mar 1;105(3).  
Cardiovascular Disease

Intrahepatic Fat and Postprandial Glycemia Increase After Consumption of a Diet Enriched in Saturated Fat Compared With Free Sugars.

Parry SA et al. Diabetes Care. 2020 Mar 12.  RCT

Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load during pregnancy and offspring risk of congenital heart defects: a prospective cohort study.

Schmidt AB et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar 1;111(3):526-535. 

 

Association of free sugar intake with blood pressure and obesity measures in Australian adults.

Ahmad R et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Mar;59(2):651-659. 

 

Beverage Consumption and Longitudinal Changes in Lipoprotein Concentrations and Incident Dyslipidemia in US Adults: The Framingham Heart Study.

Haslam DE et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Mar 3;9(5):e014083. 

 
Associations of fat and carbohydrate intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality: prospective cohort study of UK Biobank participants.

Ho FK et al. BMJ. 2020 Mar 18;368:m688. 

 

Physical inactivity and excessive sucrose consumption are associated with higher serum lipids in subjects with Taq1B CETP polymorphism.

Campos-Perez W et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Mar 12. 

 

The associations between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and cardiometabolic risks in Chinese children and adolescents.

Zhu Z et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Mar 20:e12634. 

 

Factors influencing blood pressure and microalbuminuria in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus: salt or sugar?

Saygili S et al. Pediatr Nephrol. 2020 Mar 24. 

 
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in patients with established atherosclerosis disease. Ribas BLP et al. 2020 Mar;25(4):1499-1506.  
Cancer

Plant-based and animal-based low-carbohydrate diets and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma among US men and women.

Liu Y et al. Hepatology. 2020 Mar 29.

 

Low-carbohydrate-diet scores and the risk of primary open-angle glaucoma: data from three US cohorts.

Hanyuda A et al. Eye (Lond). 2020 Mar 2.

 

A Sweet Connection? Fructose's Role in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Dewdney B et al. Biomolecules. 2020 Mar 25;10(4). 

 

Honey intake for preventing cancer: Angel or demon: Comment on: Honey and cancer: A mechanistic review.

Jurado-Fasoli L et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar 29. pii: S0261-5614(20)30143-6.   
Liver Disease Effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on hepatic lipid content in adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A pilot, randomized trial.

Goss AM et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Mar 4:e12630. 

RCT

Effect of a ketogenic diet on hepatic steatosis and hepatic mitochondrial metabolism in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Luukkonen PK et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Mar 31;117(13):7347-7354.  RCT

Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Are Not Associated with Increased Liver Fat Content in Middle-Aged Men and Women.

Wittekind AL. J Nutr. 2020 Mar 1;150(3):644.  

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, insulin resistance, and sweeteners: a literature review.

Kakleas K et al. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Mar 26:1-11.

 
Dental Disease 

Short-term effects of stain-causing beverages on tooth bleaching: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Chen YH et al. J Dent. 2020 Mar 10:103318. RCT

Changes in dental caries and sugar intake before and during the conflict in Libya: A natural experiment.

Arheiam AA et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2020 Mar 3. 

 

Influence of salivary conditioning and sucrose concentration on biofilm-mediated enamel demineralization.

Ayoub HM et al. J Appl Oral Sci. 2020 Mar 27;28:e20190501.

 

Changes in the salivary electrolytic dynamic after sucrose exposure in children with Early Childhood Caries.

de Sousa ET et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Mar 5;10(1):4146.

 

The association between nutritional status and dental caries in low-income children: A multilevel analysis.

Rego IN et al. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2020 Mar 2.

 

An inverse relationship between obesity and dental caries in Mexican schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study.

García Pérez A et al. Public Health. 2020 Mar;180:163-167. 

 

Association of sugar-sweetened drinks with caries in 10- and 15-year-olds.

Pitchika V et al. BMC Oral Health. 2020 Mar 19;20(1):81.

 

The relationship between sucrose intake in coffee or tea, and root or coronal caries in an elderly Japanese population.

Yoshihara A et al. Community Dent Health. 2020 Mar 25. 

 

The association between beverage consumption pattern and dental problems in Iranian adolescents: a cross sectional study.

Hasheminejad N et al. BMC Oral Health. 2020 Mar 17;20(1):74.  
Dietary Intake Assessment

Impact of a health marketing campaign on sugars intake by children aged 5-11 years and parental views on reducing children's consumption.

Bradley J et al. BMC Public Health. 2020 Mar 30;20(1):331. 

 
Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Juice, Artificially-Sweetened Soda and Bottled Water: An Australian Population Study.

Miller C et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 19;12(3). 

 

Patterns of energy drinks consumption in leisure, sports and academic activities among a group of students attending University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Šljivo A et al. Ann Ig. 2020 Mar-Apr;32(2):141-156.

 

Characterizing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption for US Children and Adolescents by Race/Ethnicity.

Russo RG et al. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Mar 9.   

Exploration of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake in a Latinx Population.

Cuy Castellanos D et al. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2020 Mar;52(3):281-289.

 

Predicting limiting 'free sugar' consumption using an integrated model of health behavior.

Phipps DJ et al. Appetite. 2020 Jul 1;150:104668.

 

Do Youth Consume More Calories than they Expended in Youth Sports Leagues? An Observational Study of Physical Activity, Snacks, and Beverages.

Bennion N et al. Am J Health Behav. 2020 Mar 1;44(2):180-187. 

 

[Food contribution to total daily energy intake in the Mexican population older than five years].

García-Chávez CG et al. Salud Publica Mex. 2020 Mar-Apr;62(2):166-180.

 

Energy Intake, Macronutrient Profile and Food Sources of Spanish Children Aged One to <10 Years-Results from the EsNuPI Study.

Madrigal C et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 25;12(4). 

 

Intake of sugar sweetened soft drinks among adolescents: Trends and social inequality in Denmark 2002-2018.

Holstein BE et al. Nutr Health. 2020 Mar;26(1):3-8.  

Rate of inappropriate energy and micronutrient intake among the Korean working population.

Lee W et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Mar 18:1-12.  
Diet Quality

Associations between Family Meal Context and Diet Quality among Preschool-Aged Children in the Guelph Family Health Study.

Wedde S et al. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2020 Mar 1;81(1):21-27. 

 

Nutrient adequacy and diet quality in a Mediterranean population with metabolic syndrome: A cross-sectional study.

Bibiloni MDM et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar;39(3):853-861.

 

Trends in Diet Quality Among Youth in the United States, 1999-2016.

Liu J et al. JAMA. 2020 Mar 24;323(12):1161-1174. 

 

Second Version of a Mini-Survey to Evaluate Food Intake Quality (Mini-ECCA v.2): Reproducibility and Ability to Identify Dietary Patterns in University Students.

Bernal-Orozco MF et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 19;12(3). pii: E809. d

 

Sugar Content and Nutritional Quality of Child Orientated Ready to Eat Cereals and Yoghurts in the UK and Latin America; Does Food Policy Matter?

Garcia AL et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 23;12(3).  

 

Nutritional Content, Labelling and Marketing of Breakfast Cereals on the Belgian Market and Their Reformulation in Anticipation of the Implementation of the Nutri-Score Front-Of-Pack Labelling System.

Vermote M et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 25;12(4).  

 

Nutrition Profile of Products with Cartoon Animations on the Packaging: A UK Cross-Sectional Survey of Foods and Drinks.

Pombo-Rodrigues S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 6;12(3). pii: E707

 

Effect of Sugar Substitution with Steviol Glycosides on Sensory Quality and Physicochemical Composition of Low-Sugar Apple Preserves.

Pielak M et al. Foods. 2020 Mar 5;9(3).   
Eating Behaviour

Sensitivity to sweetness correlates to elevated reward brain responses to sweet and high-fat food odors in young healthy volunteers.

Han P et al. Neuroimage. 2020 Mar;208:116413. RCT

Stevia Beverage Consumption prior to Lunch Reduces Appetite and Total Energy Intake without Affecting Glycemia or Attentional Bias to Food Cues: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial in Healthy Adults.

Stamataki NS et al. J Nutr. 2020 Mar 3.  RCT

Potential effect of different nutritional labels on food choices among mothers: a study protocol.

Seyedhamzeh S et al. BMC Public Health. 2020 Mar 6;20(1):294. 

 

Taste sensitivity and lifestyle are associated with food preferences and BMI in children.

Rodrigues L et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Mar 18:1-9.

 

Oral Microbiota Profile Associates with Sugar Intake and Taste Preference Genes.

Esberg A et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 3;12(3). pii: E681.

 

Association between free sugars intake and nutrient dilution among Japanese adults: the 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan.

Fujiwara Aet al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Mar 11. 

 

Determinants of Sweetness Preference: A Scoping Review of Human Studies.

Venditti C et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 8;12(3).  
Physical Activity

Caloric restriction induces anabolic resistance to resistance exercise.

Murphy C et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 Mar 31. RCT

Sports Drink Intake Pattern Affects Exogenous Carbohydrate Oxidation during Running.

Mears SA et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Mar 10.  RCT

Infographic. Wake up and smell the coffee: caffeine supplementation and exercise performance.

Grgic J et al. Br J Sports Med. 2020 Mar;54(5):304-305.  
Mental Health

Dietary Fructose Intake and Hippocampal Structure and Connectivity during Childhood.

Clark KA et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 26;12(4). 

 

Association between Soft Drink Consumption and Aggressive Behaviour among a Quarter Million Adolescents from 64 Countries Based on the Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS).

Shi Z et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 5;12(3).

 

Sugar-sweetened beverages consumption are associated with behavioral problems among preschoolers: A population based cross-sectional study in China.

Geng M et al. J Affect Disord. 2020 Mar 15;265:519-525.  
Knowledge & Perceptions

What makes a beverage healthy? A qualitative study of young adults' conceptualisation of sugar-containing beverage healthfulness.

Brownbill AL et al. Appetite. 2020 Jul 1;150:104675. 

 

Development and validation testing of a weight management nutrition knowledge questionnaire for adults.

Mikhail D et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2020 Mar;44(3):579-589.

 

Exploring the Perceptions of Women from Under-Resourced South African Communities about Participating in a Low-Carbohydrate High-Fat Nutrition and Health Education Program: A Qualitative Focus Group Study.

Pujol-Busquets Get al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 25;12(4). 

 

The impact of front-of-package claims, fruit images, and health warnings on consumers' perceptions of sugar-sweetened fruit drinks: Three randomized experiments.

Hall MG et al. Prev Med. 2020 Mar;132:105998. 

 
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics

High-fructose corn syrup-sweetened soft drink consumption increases vascular resistance in the kidneys at rest and during sympathetic activation.

Chapman CL et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2020 Apr 1;318(4):F1053-F1065. RCT

Confusion in the nomenclature of ketogenic diets blurs evidence.

Trimboli P et al. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2020 Mar;21(1):1-3.

 

Association between soft drink consumption and handgrip strength in middle aged and older adults: the TCLSIH cohort study.

Wu H et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Mar 4:1-7. 

 
Dietary Carbohydrate Constituents Related to Gut Dysbiosis and Health.

Seo YS et al. Microorganisms. 2020 Mar 18;8(3). 

 

Dietary fructose feeds hepatic lipogenesis via microbiota-derived acetate.

Zhao S et al. Nature. 2020 Mar;579(7800):586-591.

 
Ketogenic diets and protective mechanisms in epilepsy, metabolic disorders, cancer, neuronal loss, and muscle and nerve degeneration. Li RJ et al. J Food Biochem. 2020 Mar;44(3):e13140.   

Reducing sugary drink consumption.

Kousta S. Nat Hum Behav. 2020 Mar;4(3):235.  

The short-term impact of dietary fat and sugar intake on breast milk composition: A clinical trial protocol.

Leghi GE et al. Nutr Health. 2020 Mar;26(1):65-72  

A narrative review of the effects of sugar-sweetened beverages on human health: A key global health issue.

Haque M et al. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Mar 3;27(1):e76-e103.  

Fructose metabolism as a common evolutionary pathway of survival associated with climate change, food shortage and droughts.

Johnson RJ et al. J Intern Med. 2020 Mar;287(3):252-262.

 

Exploring the Diversity of Sugar Compounds in Healthy, Prediabetic, and Diabetic Volunteers.

Mack CI et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Mar 13:e1901190. 

 

Consumption of carbonated soft drinks and suicide attempts among 105,061 adolescents aged 12-15 years from 6 high-income, 22 middle-income, and 4 low-income countries.

Jacob L et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar;39(3):886-892.   

February 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in February 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations
Obesity 

Effect of Plain Versus Sugar-Sweetened Breakfast on Energy Balance and Metabolic Health: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Carroll HA et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Feb 28.

The Effect of an 8 Week Prescribed Exercise and Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Body Composition and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Obese Individuals: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

Perissiou M et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 14;12(2). pii: E482. 

Three-Month Daily Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Affects the Liver, Adipose Tissue, and Glucose Metabolism.

Lee G et al. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2020 Feb 7.

The Effects of Low-Energy Moderate-Carbohydrate (MCD) and Mixed (MixD) Diets on Serum Lipid Profiles and Body Composition in Middle-Aged Men: A Randomized Controlled Parallel-Group Clinical Trial.

Michalczyk MM et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 19;17(4).

High Intake of Free Sugars, Fructose, and Sucrose Is Associated with Weight Gain in Japanese Men.

Yamakawa M et al. Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;150(2):322-330. PMID

Association between soft drink, fruit juice consumption and obesity in Eastern Europe: cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of the HAPIEE study.

Garduño-Alanís A et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Feb;33(1):66-77.

Calories, Caffeine and the Onset of Obesity in Young Children.

McCormick DP et al. Acad Pediatr. 2020 Feb 17. 

Being obese versus trying to lose weight: Relationship with physical inactivity and soda drinking among high school students.

Heo M et al. J Sch Health. 2020 Apr;90(4):301-305.

The carbohydrate-insulin model does not explain the impact of varying dietary macronutrients on the body weight and adiposity of mice. Hu S et al. Mol Metab. 2020 Feb;32:27-43.
Diabetes

Effect of High Versus Low Carbohydrate Intake in the Morning on Glycemic Variability and Glycemic Control Measured by Continuous Blood Glucose Monitoring in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus-A Randomized Crossover Study.

Rasmussen L et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 13;12(2). 

Effects of White Potatoes Consumed With Eggs on Satiety, Food Intake, and Glycemic Response in Children and Adolescents.

Lee JJ et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):147-154

Inflexibility of the plasma miRNA response following a high-carbohydrate meal in overweight insulin-resistant women.

Ramzan F et al. Genes Nutr. 2020 Feb 4;15:2.

Association of dietary glycaemic index, glycaemic load, and total carbohydrates with incidence of type-2 diabetes in adults aged ≥40 years: The Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort).

Kim SY et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020 Feb;160:108007.

Associations of diet soda and non-caloric artificial sweetener use with markers of glucose and insulin homeostasis and incident diabetes: the Strong Heart Family Study.

Jensen PN et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;74(2):322-327.

The current state of parent feeding behavior, child eating behavior, and nutrition intake in young children with type 1 diabetes.

Mackey ER et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2020 Feb 14. 

Association between Timing of Energy Intake and Insulin Sensitivity: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Rangaraj VR et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 16;12(2). pii: E503.

Genotypes of HLA, TCF7L2, and FTO as potential modifiers of the association between sweetened beverage consumption and risk of LADA and type 2 diabetes.

Löfvenborg JE et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):127-135.

Reduced Glucose Tolerance and Skeletal Muscle GLUT4 and IRS1 Content in Cyclists Habituated to a Long-Term Low-Carbohydrate, High-Fat Diet.

Webster CC et al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2020 Feb 28:1-8. 

Effect of sucralose and aspartame on glucose metabolism and gut hormones.

Ahmad SY et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Feb 17. 

Three-Month Daily Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Affects the Liver, Adipose Tissue, and Glucose Metabolism.

Lee G, Han JH, Maeng HJ, Lim S. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2020 Feb 7.

Oral administration of spa-derived green alga improves insulin resistance in overweight subjects: Mechanistic insights from fructose-fed rats.

Kaseda K et al. Pharmacol Res. 2020 Feb;152:104633.
Cardiovascular Disease

Two apples a day lower serum cholesterol and improve cardiometabolic biomarkers in mildly hypercholesterolemic adults: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial.

Koutsos A et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):307-318. 

Honey does not adversely impact blood lipids of adult men and women: a randomized cross-over trial.

Al-Tamimi AM et al. Nutr Res. 2019 Nov 30;74:87-95.

A Randomized Study of the Effect of Replacing Sugar-Sweetened Soda by Reduced Fat Milk on Cardiometabolic Health in Male Adolescent Soda Drinkers.

Chiu S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 4;12(2). pii: E405.

Carbohydrate quality changes and concurrent changes in cardiovascular risk factors: a longitudinal analysis in the PREDIMED-Plus randomized trial.

Martínez-González MA et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):291-306.

Cumulative sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with higher concentrations of circulating ceramides in the Framingham Offspring Cohort.

Walker ME et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):420-428. 

Substitution of sugar-sweetened beverages for other beverages and the risk of developing coronary heart disease: Results from the Harvard Pooling Project of Diet and Coronary Disease.

Keller A et al. Prev Med. 2020 Feb;131:105970.

Relationship between sensory liking for fat, sweet or salt and cardiometabolic diseases: mediating effects of diet and weight status.

Lampuré A et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):249-261.

Beverage Consumption and Longitudinal Changes in Lipoprotein Concentrations and Incident Dyslipidemia in US Adults: The Framingham Heart Study.

Haslam DE et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Mar 3;9(5):e014083.

Added sugar and trans fatty acid intake and sedentary behavior were associated with excess total-body and central adiposity in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease.

Honicky M et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb 12:e12623.

Cardiovascular and Autonomic Responses to Energy Drinks-Clinical Implications.

Somers KR, Svatikova A. J Clin Med. 2020 Feb 5;9(2). pii: E431.

Lactose, Maltose and Sucrose - In Health and Disease.

Qi X, Tester RF. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb 11:e1901082. 

Are low-carbohydrate diets safe in diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease?

Mitchell NS et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2020 Feb;1461(1):25-36.

Dietary fructose and dyslipidemia: new mechanisms involving apolipoprotein CIII.

Hieronimus B et al. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2020 Feb;31(1):20-26. 

Non-nutritional sweeteners effects on endothelial vascular function.

Schiano C e t al. Toxicol In Vitro. 2020 Feb;62:104694.

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Lipid Profile: More Evidence for Interventions.

Kuklina EV et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Mar 3;9(5):e015061.

Carvedilol Diminishes Cardiac Remodeling Induced by High-Fructose/High-Fat Diet in Mice via Enhancing Cardiac β-Arrestin2 Signaling.

Ibrahim WS et al. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Feb 13.

Hypercaloric diet models do not develop heart failure, but the excess sucrose promotes contractility dysfunction.

Martins Matias A et al. PLoS One. 2020 Feb 7;15(2):e0228860. 
Cancer 

[Influence of food or food groups intake on the occurrence and/or protection of different types of cancer: systematic review].

Contreras García E et al. Nutr Hosp. 2020 Feb 17;37(1):169-192. Spanish.

Ketogenic and low-sugar diets for patients with cancer: perceptions and practices of medical oncologists in Canada.

Klassen PN et al. Support Care Cancer. 2020 Feb 23. 

General Metabolism

Effects of macronutrient manipulation on postprandial metabolic responses in overweight males with high fasting lipids during simulated shift work: A randomized crossover trial.

Bonham MP et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):369-377. 

Fructose-induced alterations of glucose and lipid homeostasis: progressive organ dysfunction leading to metabolic diseases or mere adaptive changes?

Tappy L. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):244-245.

Metabolic effects of a prolonged, very-high-dose dietary fructose challenge in healthy subjects.

Smajis S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):369-377.

Long-term sucrose solution consumption causes metabolic alterations and affects hepatic oxidative stress in Wistar rats.

Souza Cruz EM et al. Biol Open. 2020 Feb 28;9(3). pii: bio047282.

Chronic consumption of the dietary polyphenol chrysin attenuates metabolic disease in fructose-fed rats.

Andrade N et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):151-165. 
Liver Health

Whole-grain consumption and its effects on hepatic steatosis and liver enzymes in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a randomised controlled clinical trial.

Dorosti M et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Feb 14;123(3):328-336.

Elevated fructose and uric acid via aldose reductase contribute to experimental and human alcoholic liver disease.

Wang M et al. Hepatology. 2020 Feb 22. doi: 10.1002/hep.31197.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver in hereditary fructose intolerance.

Aldámiz-Echevarría L et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):455-459.

Differentiated Hepatic Response to Fructose Intake during Adolescence Reveals the Increased Susceptibility to Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease of Maternal High-Fat Diet Male Rat Offspring. Oliveira LS et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb;64(3):e1900838.
Diet Quality 

Association between added sugar intake and micronutrient dilution: a cross-sectional study in two adult Swedish populations.

González-Padilla E et al. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2020 Feb 11;17:15.

Intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and added sugars by the Brazilian population: an indicator to evaluate diet quality.

Monteiro LS, Rodrigues PRM, Sichieri R, Pereira RA. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 11.

Diet quality and dental caries in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

Sanders A et al. J Public Health Dent. 2020 Feb 7.

Contribution of Milk Beverages to Nutrient Adequacy of Young Children and Preschool Children in the Philippines.

Mak TN et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 1;12(2). pii: E392.

100% Fruit Juice in Child and Adolescent Dietary Patterns.

Murray RD. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):122-127.
Dietary Intake Assessment

Free and Added Sugar Consumption and Adherence to Guidelines: The UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2014/15-2015/16).

Amoutzopoulos B et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 1;12(2). pii: E393.

Sugar intake among German adolescents: trends from 1990-2016 based on biomarker excretion in 24-h urine samples.

Perrar I et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Feb 27:1-23.

[Consumption of soft, sports, and energy drinks in adolescents. The BEENIS study].

Cruz Muñoz V et al. An Pediatr (Barc). 2020 Feb 22. 

Dietary and Health Characteristics of Korean Adults According to the Level of Energy Intake from Carbohydrate: Analysis of the 7th (2016-2017) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data.

Soh SM et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 7;12(2). pii: E429. 

Demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake: a population-based study.

Fontes AS et al. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2020 Feb 21;23:e200003.

Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Indigenous Australian children aged 0-3 years and association with sociodemographic, life circumstances and health factors.

Thurber KA et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(2):295-308. 
Eating Behaviour 

Effects of interventions based on the theory of planned behavior on sugar-sweetened beverage consumption intentions and behavior.

Gregorio-Pascual P et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 1;145:104491.

Which snack factors and nutritional ingredients influence college students' snack choices? Evidence from discrete choice experiments.

Rusmevichientong P et al. J Am Coll Health. 2020 Feb-Mar;68(2):192-199.

Acute Sleep Curtailment Increases Sweet Taste Preference, Appetite and Food Intake in Healthy Young Adults: A Randomized Crossover Trial. Tajiri E et al. Behav Sci (Basel). 2020 Feb 1;10(2).

Sweet satiation: Acute effects of consumption of sweet drinks on appetite for and intake of sweet and non-sweet foods.

Rogers PJ et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 11;149:104631.

Predictors of engagement and outcome achievement in a behavioural intervention targeting sugar-sweetened beverage intake among rural adults.

Porter KJ et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(3):554-563. 

Effects of caloric or non-caloric sweetener long-term consumption on taste preferences and new aversive learning.

Vera-Rivera G et al. Nutr Neurosci. 2020 Feb;23(2):128-138.

How Much Sugar is in My Drink? The Power of Visual Cues.

Merillat BD et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 2;12(2). pii: E394

Comparing ABA, AAB, and ABC Renewal of Appetitive Pavlovian Conditioned Responding in Alcohol- and Sucrose-Trained Male Rats.

Khoo SY et al. Front Behav Neurosci. 2020 Feb 13;14:5.

Chronic exposure to liquid sucrose and dry sucrose diet have differential effects on peripheral taste responses in female rats.

McCluskey LP et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 1;145:104499.

Sucrose consumption alters steroids and dopamine signalling in the female rat brain.

Tobiansky DJ et al. J Endocrinol. 2020 Feb 1.

Exclusively drinking sucrose or saline early in life alters adult drinking behavior by laboratory rats.

Volcko KL et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 4;149:104616.
Physical Activity 

Effects of carbohydrate and protein co-ingestion during short-term moderate-intensity exercise on cognitive function.

Sun FH et al. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2020 Feb 5. 

Affective and Enjoyment Responses to Short-Term High-Intensity Interval Training with Low-Carbohydrate Diet in Overweight Young Women.

Kong Z et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 10;12(2). pii: E442.

Acute intense exercise improves sleep and decreases next morning consumption of energy-dense food in adolescent girls with obesity and evening chronotype.

Saidi O et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb 4:e12613

Frequent Carbohydrate Ingestion Reduces Muscle Glycogen Depletion and Postpones Fatigue Relative to a Single Bolus.

Menzies C et al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2020 Feb 28:1-7.

Food consumption and its association with leisure-time physical activity and active commuting in Brazilian workers.

da Silva JA et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;74(2):314-321.

Chronic exercise provides renal-protective effects with upregulation of fatty acid oxidation in the kidney of high fructose-fed rats.

Hu G et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2020 Mar 1;318(3):F826-F834.

Carbohydrate intake and ketosis in self-sufficient multi-stage ultramarathon runners.

Edwards KH et al. J Sports Sci. 2020 Feb;38(4):366-374.
Mental Health

High glycemic index and glycemic load diets as risk factors for insomnia: analyses from the Women's Health Initiative.

Gangwisch JE et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):429-439.

Associations of dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes with cognition among children.

Naveed S et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb 21:1-7.

The current state of parent feeding behavior, child eating behavior, and nutrition intake in young children with type 1 diabetes.

Mackey ER et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2020 Feb 14.

Association between a low-carbohydrate diet and sleep status, depression, anxiety, and stress score.

Daneshzad E et al. J Sci Food Agric. 2020 Feb 7

The metaplastic effects of ketamine on sucrose renewal and contextual memory reconsolidation in rats.

Piva A et al. Behav Brain Res. 2020 Feb 3;379:112347.
Policy School nutrition: Support for providing healthy food and beverage choices in schools.

Critch JN. Paediatr Child Health. 2020 Feb;25(1):33-46.

Evaluating the Canadian Packaged Food Supply Using Health Canada's Proposed Nutrient Criteria for Restricting Food and Beverage Marketing to Children.

Mulligan C et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 15;17(4). 

Policy - Food Labelling 

An evaluation of Chile's Law of Food Labeling and Advertising on sugar-sweetened beverage purchases from 2015 to 2017: A before-and-after study.

Taillie LS et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Feb 11;17(2):e1003015.

Can the updated nutrition facts label decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption?

Neuhofer Z et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 21;37:100867. 

The influence of front-of-pack portion size images on children's serving and intake of cereal.

McGale LS et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb;15(2):e12583. 

A cross-country exploratory study to investigate the labelling, energy, carbohydrate and sugar content of formula milk products marketed for infants.

Bridge G et al. Br Dent J. 2020 Feb;228(3):198-212.

Which snack factors and nutritional ingredients influence college students' snack choices? Evidence from discrete choice experiments.

Rusmevichientong P et al. J Am Coll Health. 2020 Feb-Mar;68(2):192-199.

Stars versus warnings: Comparison of the Australasian Health Star Rating nutrition labelling system with Chilean Warning Labels.

Söderlund F et al. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2020 Feb;44(1):28-33. 

Interpretive nutrient profiling algorithms are a limited tool for assessing the healthiness of countries' packaged food and beverage supplies, and the conclusions are not substantiated by the data.

Lawrence M et al. Obes Rev. 2020 Feb;21(2):e12957.

Policy - Taxation 

Sugar-Sweetened and Diet Beverage Consumption in Philadelphia One Year after the Beverage Tax.

Zhong Y et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 19;17(4). 

Oakland's sugar-sweetened beverage tax: Impacts on prices, purchases and consumption by adults and children.

Cawley J et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 21;37:100865.

Impact of the announcement and implementation of the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy on sugar content, price, product size and number of available soft drinks in the UK, 2015-19: A controlled interrupted time series analysis.

Scarborough P et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Feb 11;17(2):e1003025.

The Impact of a Sweetened Beverage Tax on Beverage Volume Sold in Cook County, Illinois, and Its Border Area.

Powell LM et al. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Feb 25.

An analysis of the stock market reaction to the announcements of the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy.

Law C et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 17:100834. 
Knowledge and Perceptions 

Knowledge of Sugars Consumption and the WHO Sugars Guideline among Canadian Dietitians and Other Health Professionals.

Wang F et al. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2020 Feb 19:1-4. 

Whole grain and high-fibre grain foods: How do knowledge, perceptions and attitudes affect food choice? Barrett EM et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 11;149:104630.
Dental Health

The Healthy Eating Index and coronal dental caries in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014.

Kaye EA et al. J Am Dent Assoc. 2020 Feb;151(2):78-86.

Sucrose promotes caries progression by disrupting the microecological balance in oral biofilms: an in vitro study.

Du Q et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Feb 19;10(1):2961.
Gout

Intake of selected foods and beverages and serum uric acid levels in adults: ELSA-Brasil (2008-2010).

Silva MTD et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(3):506-514.
Microbiome

Low Protein-High Carbohydrate Diets Alter Energy Balance, Gut Microbiota Composition and Blood Metabolomics Profile in Young Pigs.

Spring et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Feb 24;10(1):3318.
Other Topics

Impact of soft drinks to health and economy: a critical review

Tahmassebi JF, BaniHani A. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2020 Feb;21(1):109-117.

Lactose, Maltose and Sucrose - In Health and Disease.

Qi X, Tester RF. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb 11:e1901082.

Milk and Health.

Willett WC, Ludwig DS. N Engl J Med. 2020 Feb 13;382(7):644-654.

Carbohydrate and bioactive compounds composition of starchy tropical fruits and tubers, in relation to pre and postharvest conditions: A review.

Rinaldo D. J Food Sci. 2020 Feb;85(2):249-259.

Stevia as a Natural sweetener: A Review.

Arumugam B et al. Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem. 2020 Feb 6.

Potential health benefits of (poly)phenols derived from fruit and 100% fruit juice.

Ho KKHY et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Feb 1;78(2):145-174. 

January 2020 

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in January 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations
Obesity 
 
Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet: A Safe and Effective Tool for Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity and Mild Kidney Failure. Bruci A, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 32012661
The association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake, body mass index, and inflammation in US adults

Lin W, et al. Int J Public Health 2020. PMID  31982934

Preferences for Sweet and Fatty Taste in Children and Their Mothers in Association with Weight Status Sobek G, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020. PMID 31952132
Development and validation testing of a weight management nutrition knowledge questionnaire for adults

Mikhail D, et al. Int J Obes (Lond) 2020. PMID  31911666

Diabetes The effect of psyllium consumption on weight, body mass index, lipid profile, and glucose metabolism in diabetic patients: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Xiao Z, et al. Phytother Res 2020. PMID 31919936
A Snack Formulated with Ingredients to Slow Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption Reduces the Glycemic Response in HUmans: A Randomized Controlled Trial Rebello CJ, et al. J Med Food 2020. PMID 31596655
Very Low and Higher Carbohydrate Diets Promote Differential Appetite Responses in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Trial Struik NA, et al. J Nutr 2020. PMID 31953540
Effects of Daily Low-Dose Date Consumption on Glycemic Control, Lipid Profile, and Quality of Life in Adults with Pre- and Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial Alalwan TA, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31952131
The potential efficacy of dietary fatty acids and fructose induced inflammation and oxidative stress on the insulin signaling and fat accumulation in mice Tamer F, et al. Food Chem Toxicol 2020. PMID 31672515
Association of dietary glycaemic index, glycaemix load, and total carbohydrates with incidence of type-2 diabetes in adults aged ≥40 years: The Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort) Kim SY, et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2020. PMID 31953108
Fructose and hepatic insulin resistance Softic S, et al. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. PMID 31935149
Cardiovascular Disease The effects of low-carbohydrate diets on cardiovascular risk factors: A meta-analysis Dong T, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31935216
Dietary sugars and cardiometabolic risk factors: a network meta-analysis on isocaloric substitution interventions Schwingshackl L, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31711109
Efficacy of Isomaltose Compared to Sucrose in Modulating Endothelial Function in Overweight Adults de Groot E, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31947853
Sugar-containing beverage consumption and cardiometabolic risk in preschool children Eny KM, et al. Prev Med Rep 2020. PMID 32021763
Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load during pregnancy and offspring risk of congenital heart defects: a prospective cohort study  Schmidt AB, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31942930
The Buckwheat Iminosugar d-Fagomine Attenuates Sucrose-Induced Steatosis and Hypertension in Rats Ramos-Romero S, et al. Mol Nutr Food Res 2020. PMID 31657510
Aerobic exercise modulates cardiac NAD(P)H oxidase and the NRF2/KEAP1 pathway in a mouse model of chronic fructose consumption  Alves R, et al. J Appl Physiol 2020. PMID 31647720
Metabolic Syndrome Association of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with risk of metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents in urban China Li S, et al. Public Health Nutr 2020. PMID 31915093
General Metabolism Impact of isocaloric exchanges of carbohydrate for fat on postprandial glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and free fatty acid responses - a systematic review and meta-analysis Kdekian A, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31767988
Low-calorie sweeteners cause only limited metabolic effects in mice Glendinning JI, et al. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2020. PMID 31693385
Differential metabolic and multi-tissue transcriptomic responses to fructose consumption among genetically diverse mice Zhang G, et al. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 2020. PMID 31669422
Diet Quality  Application of the Healthy Eating Index-2015 and the Nutrient-Rich Food Index 9.3 for assessing overall diet quality in the Japanese context: Different nutritional concerns from the US Murakami K, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31999772
Optimism is associated with diet quality, food group composition and snacking behavior in a general population Ait-Hadad W, et al. Nutr J 2020. PMID 31959166
Nutritional composition of the food supply: a comparison of soft drinks and breakfast cereals between three European countries based on labels  Vin K, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31138876
Dietary Intake Assessment Relationships between children's sugar consumption at home and their food choices and consumption at school lunch Baglaf K, Muirhead V, and Pine C. Public Health Nutr 2020. PMID 31957630
From carbohydrates to fat: Trends in food intake among Swedish nutrition students from 2002 to 2017 Bergström M, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31990946
Added Sugars Intake among US Infants and Toddlers  Herrick KA, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet 2020. PMID 31735600
Sugary Drink Consumption Among Children by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Status Koma JW, et al. Am J Prev Med 2020. PMID 31761517
Total Sugar Intake and Macro and Micronutrients in Children Aged 6-8 Years: The ANIVA Study  Morales-Suarez-Varela M, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 32013081
Social Networks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption in a Pediatric Urban Academic Practice Duh-Leong C and Braganza S. Behav Med 2020. PMID 30481137
Frequently Consumed Foods and Energy Contributions among Food Secure and Insecure US Children and Adolescents  Eicher-Miller HA, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31979303
Determinants of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Indian Adutls: Findings from the National Family Health Survey-4 Mathur MR, et al. Indian J Community Med 2020. PMID 32029986
Eating Behaviour  Can Parenting Practices Moderate the Relationship between Reward Sensitivity and Adolescents' Consumption of Snacks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages?  Van Lippevelde W, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31936404
Influence of Nutritional Education on the Diet and Nutritional Behaviors of Elderly Women at the University of the Third Age Michalczyk MM, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020. PMID 31973121
Do perceived norms of social media users' eating habits and preferences predict our own food consumption and BMI?  Hawkins LK, Farrow C, and Thomas JM. Appettite 2020. PMID 31958481
The neuroscience of sugars in taste, gut-reward, feeding circuits, and obesity Gutierrez R, Fonseca E, and Simon SA. Cell Mol Life Sci 2020. PMID 32006052
Effects of different sweeteners on behavior and neurotransmitters release in mice Xin KJ, et al. J Food Sci Technol 2020. PMID 31975714
Physical Activity  Effects of protein intake prior to carbohydrate-restricted endurance exercise: a randomized crossover trial  Larsen MS, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2020. PMID 31992300
Effects of carbohydrate supplementation on aerobic exercise performance during acute high altitude exposure and after 22 days of acclimatization and energy deficit Bradbury KE, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2020. PMID 31918720
Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behaviors Morgan EH, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020. PMID 31902132
Policy - Food Labelling  The impact of front-of-package claims, fruit images, and health warnings on consumers' perceptions of sugar-sweetened fruit drinks: Three randomized experiments Hall MG, et al. Prev Med 2020. PMID 31982477
Can point-of-sale nutrition information and health warnings encourage reduced preference for sugary drinks?: An experimental study  Scully M, et al. Appetite 2020. PMID 31981587
Socioeconomic position and the impact of increasing availability of lower energy meals vs menu energy labelling on food choice: two randomized controlled trials in a virtual fast-food restaurant Marty L, Jones A, and Robinson E. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2020. PMID 32005255
Policy - Taxation  Effects of a sugar-sweetened beverage tax on prices and affordability of soft drinks in Chile: A time series analysis Cuadrado C, et al. Soc Sci Med 2020. PMID 31862547
Distribution of sugar-sweetened beverage sales volume by sugar content in the United States: implications for tiered taxation and tax revenue  Powell LM, Andreyeva T, and Isgor Z. J Public Health Policy 2020. PMID 31969656
The impact of the Cook County, IL. Sweetenened Beverage Tax on beverage prices Powell LM, Leider J, and Léger PT. Econ Hum Biol 2020. PMID 32028211
Attitudes and Perceptions  Daily Adolescent Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake is Association with Select Asolescent, Not Parent, Attitudes About Limiting Sugary Drink and Junk Food Intake Imoisili OE, et al. Am J Health Promot 2020. PMID 31409090
"When we were young, it really was a treat; now sugar is just the norm every day" - A qualitative study of parents' and young adults' perceptions and consumption of sugar drinks  Miller C, et al. Health Promot J Austr 2020. PMID 31074907
Dental Health Association between soft drink consumption, gastric reflux, dental erosion, and obesity among special care children Basha S, et al. Spec Care Dentist 2020. PMID 31820473
A time-based objective evaluation of the erosive effects of various beverages on enamel and cemuntum of deciduous and permanent teeth Rajeev G, Lewis AJ, and NS. J Clin Exp Dent 2020. PMID 31976037
In vitro evaluation of the cariogenic potential of rebaudioside A compared to sucrose and xylitol  Ganter J, et al. Clin Oral Investig 2020. PMID 31030274
Pregnancy and Lactation  Glycemic load, dietary fiber, and added sugar and fecundability in 2 preconception cohorts Willis SK, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31901163
Effects of timing of food intake on eating patterns, diet quality and weight gain during pregnancy Gontijo CA, et al. Br J Nutr 2020. PMID 31902384
Fructose consumption during pregnancy and lactation causes DNA damage and biochemical changes in female mice  Magenis ML, et al. Mutagenesis 2020. PMID 31967303
Bone Health  Dietary carbohydrate intake and risk of bone fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies  Mozaffari H, Daneshzad E, and Azadbakht L. Public Health 2020. PMID 31982636
A Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Impairs Markers of Bone Health in Response to Exercise Heikura IA, et al. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020. PMID 32038477
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease  Differentiated Hepatic Response to Fructose Intake during Adolescence Reveals the Increased Susceptibility to Non-Alcholic Fatty Liver Disease of Maternal High-Fat Diet Male Rat Offspring Oliveira LS, et al. Mol Nutr Food Res 2020. PMID 31916388
Gout Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and dietary fructose in relation to risk of gout and hyperuricemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis Ebrahimpour-Koujan S, et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2020. PMID 30277800
Stevia residue extract alone and combination with allopurinol attenuate hyperuricemia in fructose-PO-induced hyperuricemic mice Mehmood A, et al. J Food Biochem 2020. PMID 31680279
Mental Health Ketogenic diets and protective mechanisms in epilepsy, metabolic disorders, cancer, neuronal loss, and muscle and nerve degeneration  Li RJ, et al. J Food Biochem 2020. PMID 31943235
The depressogenic potential of added dietary sugars  Reis DJ, et al. Med Hypotheses 2020. PMID 31634771
Microbiome Antiobiotic Treatment Does Not Ameliorate the Metabolic Changes in Rats Presenting Dysbiosis After Consuming a HIgh Fructose Diet  Bier A, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31941016
Cystic Fibrosis Effects of low glycemic index/high-fat, high-calorie diet on glycemic control and lipid profiles of children and adolescence with cystic fibrosis: A randomized double-blind controlled trial Gorji Z, et al. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020. PMID 31991298