Sugars and the Gut Microbiome: A Review of the Evidence
The gut microbiome plays an integral role in maintaining overall health but remains an emerging area of research. This includes a focus on how the foods we eat and different dietary components, including sugars, may impact the health and function of our gut microbiome.
The dietitians and nutrition scientists at the Canadian Sugar Institute perform regular reviews of the literature related to sugars and relevant health topics to develop website content based on the highest level of evidence. We are pleased to share new website content discussing the current research on Sugars and the Gut Microbiome, which has been reviewed by an expert in the field Dr. Elena Comelli, PhD (Associate Professor, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto).
Overall, the current research suggests that the role of sugars on the microbiome, especially in humans, is not fully understood and remains an increasing area of research interest. For optimal gut health, it is important to incorporate a dietary pattern rich in fibre, fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and sometimes selected probiotics based on specific needs. Further research, especially in humans, is needed to gain a better understanding of the impacts that sugars or low-calorie sweeteners may have on the gut microbiome.