With refining operations in four provinces, the Canadian sugar industry continues to provide Canadian consumers and industrial customers with a reliable supply of high quality, low cost refined sugar.
Canada produces approximately 1.2 million tonnes of refined sugar annually. Approximately 94% is refined from raw cane sugar imported in bulk to cane sugar refining operations in Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal. The balance is refined beet sugar from domestically grown sugar beets in Alberta. Whether produced from cane or beet, the refined sugar is the same - pure sucrose.
Per capita sugar consumption in Canada has not increased since the early 1940's, so the Canadian sugar industry relies on Canadian population growth and export markets to expand its market. While Canadian sugar companies have actively pursued export markets, success has been extremely limited because of foreign trade barriers. For more information on sugar consumption in Canada click here.
Refined sugar is produced in several forms for both retail and industrial customers. More than 85% of Canada’s sugar production is destined for the industrial market. Sugar is available in three main product categories: white granulated sugar, liquid sugar and specialty sugars. There are more than 80 different types of sugar and package sizes offered to meet the needs of both consumers and food processors.
|Retail and Industrial Uses of Sugar|
|food manufacturing / food service||0.88|
Variety of Refined Sugar Products
Granulated sugar is the most common form of sugar used in households and commercially. Canadian Food and Drug Regulations require a minimum purity of 99.8% sucrose, but all refined granulated sugar produced in Canada exceeds 99.9%. Granulated sugar is produced in various crystal sizes and is usually packaged in 2, 4 and 10 kg packages for home use; in individual envelopes for food service; and in 20 and 40 kg bags, 1 tonne tote bags or bulk for food manufacturers. Liquid sugar and liquid invert sugar are water/sugar mixtures preferred by some food manufacturers including soft drink bottlers and confectioners. Specialty sugars include icing sugar, brown sugar or yellow sugar, demerara sugar, and a number of other sugar products to suit varying consumer and industrial needs.
Where does our sugar come from?
Cane sugar - The growing of sugar cane in Canada is impossible because of the climate, so the majority of Canadian refined sugar is produced from raw cane sugar imported from tropical regions including South and Central America, Australia and the Caribbean. The raw sugar is transported by ship in bulk cargo to refineries located at deep water ports in Vancouver, Montreal and Toronto. Here it is refined to separate the pure sugar crystals from molasses, plant residue and impurities.
Beet sugar - Sugar in Canada is also produced from sugar beets grown in Alberta. The white sugar beet is from the same family as the vegetable beetroot but contains a high concentration of sugar (sucrose) – 15 – 20% by weight. The sugar beets are harvested in the fall, and then processed to extract the sugar and separate it from the fibre, water and other non-sugar materials. Major by-products include molasses and beet pulp, which is used to produce a highly nutritious animal feed.