A review of sugar consumption from nationally representative dietary surveys across the world

December 07, 2015 - A recent publication by Newens et al. reviewed dietary intake of sugars across the globe using nationally representative dietary surveys conducted in 18 countries between 1995 and 2012. Key points include: Intake of total sugars (% energy) decreased over the lifespan; Consumption of added sugars (% energy), which peaked during adolescence and then declined in adulthood, were reported in half of the countries.

New Resource: Frequently Asked Questions about Carbohydrates and Type 2 Diabetes

November 23, 2015 - Carbohydrate consumption and metabolism in relation to glycemic control is one of the most important topics for people with diabetes. CSI offers a new fact sheet “Frequently Asked Questions about Carbohydrates and Type 2 Diabetes”, which provides answers to questions frequently heard by health care professionals regarding carbohydrate and sugars for people with Type 2 Diabetes.

Recent un-controlled intervention study by Lustig RH et al. unable to assess Calorie-independent effect of fructose on metabolism among obese youth.

October 29, 2015 - A non-controlled intervention trial was conducted by Lustig et al. among a small group (n=43) of Latino- and African-American youth (aged 8-18) who were obese, had high habitual sugars intakes, and had at least one other co-morbidity for metabolic syndrome. Due to flaws in the study design and statistical analyses of the results, conclusions must be drawn with caution.

Effect of Fructose on Established Lipid Targets: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled Feeding Trials

October 28, 2015 - Chiavaroli L et al. provide an updated meta-analysis on the effect of fructose on cardiovascular lipid risk factors based on a total of 51 isocaloric trials and 8 hypercaloric trials. When isocalorically exchanged for other non-fiber carbohydrates, fructose had no negative effect on major CVD lipid targets.

New Resource: Role of Carbohydrates and Sugars in Sports Nutrition

October 13, 2015 - CSI offers a new fact sheet “Role of Carbohydrates and Sugars in Sports Nutrition” authored by Dr. Gareth Wallis of the School of Sport, Exercise & Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK.

Why Sugar is Added to Food: Food Science 101

October 05, 2015 - A critical review “Why Sugar is Added to Food: Food Science 101” by Goldfein KR & Slavin JL, recently published in Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, highlights the variety of functions sugar (sucrose) plays in foods beyond sweetness. It demonstrates that replacing added sugars with alternative ingredients to achieve similar functional roles often does not result in a reduction in Calorie content or improvement in nutrient density.

New Resources: The Current Science on Sugars and Health

August 06, 2015 - The Canadian Sugar Institute Nutrition Information Service is pleased to provide you with the newest editions of our health professional resources, Carbohydrate News and Clips on Sugars.

CSI presented research at two National conferences in June 2015

June 10, 2015 - The CSI Manager of Nutrition Communications presented a research abstract "Discrepancies between health professionals' understanding and the evidence for sugars-related nutrition issues in Canada" at the Canadian Nutrition Society Annual Meeting (Winnipeg, MB, May 28-30) and the Dietitians of Canada National Conference (Quebec City, QC, June 4-6).

Discrepancies between health professionals' understanding and the evidence for sugars-related nutrition issues in Canada

June 10, 2015 - Our previous surveys revealed certain misconceptions among health professionals on sugars-related topics. Since health professionals are relied upon to communicate accurate scientific information to both the general public and the media, the objective of this study was to assess health professionals’ perceptions of Canadian added sugars consumption in relation to obesity as well as their understanding of the scientific basis of the WHO sugars guideline.

What can we learn from looking at the design of a human study?

May 05, 2015 - Nowadays it seems we hear about a new diet trend and read about the latest nutrition research findings on a daily basis. It can be confusing to know how a study should be properly interpreted and what to take away from it. The strength of study findings and whether a “cause and effect” relationship exists depends on multiple factors, including the study design, and where it sits within the hierarchy of scientific evidence.

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