CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is provided below: 

Time: At the end of each month
Database: PubMed
Search Terms:

(Sugar* OR sucrose OR added sugar* OR beverage OR soft drink* OR soda OR diet soda OR sweet* OR fructose OR carbohydrate*)AND (obes* OR overweight OR body mass index OR BMI OR weight gain OR satiety OR satiation OR appetite OR receptor OR taste OR postprandial OR hormone OR hunger OR cognition OR brain OR reward OR food intake OR hedonic OR neuronal OR sensitivity OR addiction OR hyperactive* OR binge eating disorder OR BED OR behaviour* OR insulin resistance OR hyperinsulin* OR diabet* OR fatty liver* OR NAFLD OR triglycerides OR lipids OR fat OR cardio* OR heart disease OR hypertension OR blood pressure OR cancer OR tumor OR cancerogenic OR dental caries OR oral health OR tooth OR teeth OR decay OR physical activity OR exercise OR sport OR energy OR kidney OR uric acid OR hyperuric* OR gout OR acne OR renal OR skin OR ageing OR micronutrient dilution OR vitamin* OR mineral* OR deficiency OR glycaemic index OR glycemic index OR glycaemic load OR glycemic load OR gout OR inflammatory arthritis OR uric acid OR urate nephropathy OR microbiome OR consumption OR diet OR nutrition OR dental caries OR tooth decay)

Date of Publication: From the first to the last day of each month.

Selection criteria:
Read through each of the titles and abstracts to identified publications that are related to sugars, carbohydrates in the context of diet, health and public policy.

To subscribe to the Sugars Digest monthly email broadcast, please contact flora.wang@sugar.ca

May 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in May 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Soft drink intake is associated with weight gain, regardless of physical activity levels: the health workers cohort study.

González-Morales R et al.Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2020 May 12;17(1):60.  Prospective Cohort Study

Gender differences in the relationship between dietary energy and macronutrients intake and body weight outcomes in Chinese adults.

Zhao J et al.Nutr J. 2020 May 18;19(1):45.  Prospective Cohort Study

Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and association with weight status in Irish children: a cross-sectional study prior to the introduction of a government tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.

Harrington JM et al.Public Health Nutr. 2020 May 28:1-11.  Cross-Sectional Study

The Effects of Carbohydrate-Restricted Dietary Patterns and Physical Activity on Body Weight and Glycemic Control.

Kirkpatrick CF et al.Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2020 May 28;22(6):20. Narrative Review

Low-carbohydrate interventions for adolescent obesity: Nutritional adequacy and guidance for clinical practice.

Jebeile H et al.Clin Obes. 2020 May 18:e12370.  Narrative Review
Diabetes

Consuming decaffeinated coffee with milk and sugar added before a high glycaemic index meal improves postprandial glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in healthy adults.

Wong THT et al.Br J Nutr. 2020 May 18:1-30. RCT

Intrahepatic Fat and Postprandial Glycemia Increase After Consumption of a Diet Enriched in Saturated Fat Compared With Free Sugars.

Parry SA et al.Diabetes Care. 2020 May;43(5):1134-1141. RCT

Effects of a highly controlled carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet on markers of oxidatively generated nucleic acid modifications and inflammation in weight stable participants with type 2 diabetes; a randomized controlled trial.

Skytte MJ et al.Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2020 May 6:1-7. RCT

Substituting Lean Beef for Carbohydrate in a Healthy Dietary Pattern Does Not Adversely Affect the Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Profile in Men and Women at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes.

Maki KC et al.J Nutr. 2020 May 2:nxaa116. doi: 10.1093/jn/nxaa116. RCT

Effects of high and low sucrose-containing beverages on blood glucose and hypoglycemic-like symptoms.

Markus CR et al.Physiol Behav. 2020 May 13;222:112916. RCT

Acute effects of an isocaloric macronutrient-matched breakfast meal containing almonds on glycemic, hormonal, and appetite responses in men with type 2 diabetes: a randomized crossover study.

Bodnaruc AM et al.Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020 May;45(5):520-529.  RCT

Effects of substituting eggs for high-carbohydrate breakfast foods on the cardiometabolic risk-factor profile in adults at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Maki KC et al.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 May;74(5):784-795.  RCT

Effects and feasibility of a prehabilitation programme incorporating a low-carbohydrate, high-fat dietary approach in patients with type 2 diabetes: A retrospective study.

Laza-Cagigas R et al.Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 May-Jun;14(3):257-263.  RCT

Exploring the Diversity of Sugar Compounds in Healthy, Prediabetic, and Diabetic Volunteers.

Mack CI et al.Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 May;64(9):e1901190.  Cross-Sectional Study

Association between dietary glycemic index and glycemic load, insulin index and load with incidence of age-related cataract: Results from a case-control study.

Movahedian M et al.Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 May-Jun;14(3):199-204.  Case-Control Study

Glycemic Index (GI) or Glycemic Load (GL) and Dietary Interventions for Optimizing Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Patients with T2 Diabetes: A Review.

Vlachos D et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 27;12(6):E1561.  Narrative Review

Factors Beyond Carbohydrate to Consider When Determining Meantime Insulin Doses: Protein, Fat, Timing, and Technology.

Evert AB.Diabetes Spectr. 2020 May;33(2):149-155.  Narrative Review
Cardiovascular Disease

The effects of regular consumption of green or black tea beverage on blood pressure in those with elevated blood pressure or hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Mahdavi-Roshan M et al.Complement Ther Med. 2020 Jun;51:102430.  SRMA

Acute Effects of Three Different Meal Patterns on Postprandial Metabolism in Older Individuals with a Risk Phenotype for Cardiometabolic Diseases: A Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial.

Schönknecht YB et al.Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 May;64(9):e1901035 RCT
Comparing Self-Reported Sugar Intake With the Sucrose and Fructose Biomarker From Overnight Urine Samples in Relation to Cardiometabolic Risk Factors.

Ramne S et al.Front Nutr. 2020 May 6;7:62. 

Prospective Cohort Study

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in the California Teachers Study.

Pacheco LS et al.J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 May 18;9(10):e014883.  Prospective Cohort Study

Influence of total sugar intake on metabolic blood markers at 8 years of age in the Childhood Obesity Project.

Aumueller N et al.Eur J Nutr. 2020 May 6.  Cross-Sectional Study

Association between Three Low-Carbohydrate Diet Scores and Lipid Metabolism among Chinese Adults.

Tan LJ et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 3;12(5):E1307.  Cross-Sectional Study
Other Chronic Diseases

Diets with lower carbohydrate concentrations improve insulin sensitivity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A meta-analysis.

Porchia LM et al.Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2020 May;248:110-117.  SRMA

Adherence to diet low in fermentable carbohydrates and traditional diet for irritable bowel syndrome.

Clevers E et al.Nutrition. 2020 May;73:110719.  RCT

Carbohydrate quality index and breast cancer risk in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN project.

Romanos-Nanclares A et al.Clin Nutr. 2020 May 4:S0261-5614(20)30211-9.  Prospective Cohort Study

Dietary Carbohydrate Intake, Dietary Glycemic Load and Outcomes of In Vitro Fertilization: Findings from an Observational Italian Cohort Study.

Noli SA et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 28;12(6):E1568.  Prospective Cohort Study

Consumption of acidic drinks, knowledge and concern about dental erosive wear in Norwegian high school students.

Melbye EL et al.Acta Odontol Scand. 2020 May 14:1-9.  Cross-Sectional Study

Early Introduction of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Caries Trajectories from Age 12 to 48 Months.

Bernabé E et al.J Dent Res. 2020 May 6:22034520917398. Cross-Sectional Study

Association of calorie and carbohydrate intake with tumour grade in early diagnosis of breast cancer: a case-control study.

Hatami M et al.Arch Physiol Biochem. 2020 May 6:1-4.  Case-Control Study

Evaluating the Dietary Intakes of Energy, Macronutrients, Sugar, Fiber and Micronutrients in Children with Celiac Disease.

Sue A et al.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020 May 11.  Case-Control Study

Critical and emerging topics in dietary carbohydrates and health.

Dall'Asta M et al.Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 May;71(3):286-295.  Narrative Review

Early menarche and its consequence in Korean female: reducing fructose intake could be one solution.

Kim JH et al.Clin Exp Pediatr. 2020 May 14.  Narrative Review

Recent advances in the pathogenesis of hereditary fructose intolerance: implications for its treatment and the understanding of fructose-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Buziau AM et al.Cell Mol Life Sci. 2020 May;77(9):1709-1719.  Narrative Review

High Intake of Sugar and the Balance between Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Gut Bacteria.

Satokari R. Nutrients 2020 May 8;12(5):E1348 Narrative Review

Adaptation of the Gut Microbiota to Modern Dietary Sugars and Sweeteners.

Di Rienzi SC, Britton RA.Adv Nutr. 2020 May 1;11(3):616-629.  Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment

Can the updated nutrition facts label decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption?

Neuhofer Z et al.Econ Hum Biol. 2020 May;37:100867.  RCT

Shift work relationships with same- and subsequent-day empty calorie food and beverage consumption.

Lin TT et al.Scand J Work Environ Health. 2020 May 25:3903.  Cross-Sectional Study

Food Insecurity and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Among WIC-Enrolled Families in the First 1,000 Days.

Fernández CR et al.J Nutr Educ Behav. 2020 May 19:S1499-4046(20)30153-6.  Cross-Sectional Study

Associations of Health Literacy and Menu-Labeling Usage With Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Adults in Mississippi, 2016.

Lee SH et al.Am J Health Promot. 2020 May 21:890117120927302. Cross-Sectional Study

Intake of Non-Nutritive Sweeteners in Chilean Children after Enforcement of a New Food Labeling Law that Regulates Added Sugar Content in Processed Foods.

Martínez X et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 29;12(6):E1594. Cross-Sectional Study

Who drinks soda pop? Economic status and adult consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.

Zagorsky JL, Smith PK.Econ Hum Biol. 2020 May 5;38:100888. Cross-Sectional Study

The association between sugar-sweetened beverage availability in school vending machines and school staff sugar-sweetened beverage consumption.

Rauzon S et al.Prev Med Rep. 2020 May 27;19:101128. Cross-Sectional Study

Correlates of sugar-sweetened beverages consumption among adolescents.

Beaulieu D et al.Public Health Nutr. 2020 May 8:1-10.  Cross-Sectional Study

The Impacts of Young Consumers' Health Values on Functional Beverages Purchase Intentions.

Chang HP et al.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 16;17(10):3479.  Cross-Sectional Study

Lunch on School Days in Canada: Examining Contributions to Nutrient and Food Group Intake and Differences across Eating Locations.

Tugault-Lafleur CN, Black JL.J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 May 24:S2212-2672(20)30065-4.  Cross-Sectional Study

Reducing consumption of unhealthy foods and beverages through banning price promotions: what is the evidence and will it work?

Watt TL et al.Public Health Nutr. 2020 May 5:1-6.  Narrative Review

Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages: Why is it difficult to control?

Razzaque MS.J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol.  Narrative Review
Eating Behaviour

Fructose vs glucose decreased liking/wanting and subsequent intake of high-energy foods in young women.

Ao H et al.Nutr Res. 2020 May 15;78:60-71.   RCT

Consumption of a smoothie or cereal-based breakfast: impact on thirst, hunger, appetite and subsequent dietary intake.

Myers C et al.Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 May 18:1-11.  RCT

Delayed meal timing after exercise is associated with reduced appetite and energy intake in adolescents with obesity.

Fillon A et al.Pediatr Obes. 2020 May 6. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12651 RCT

Stevia Beverage Consumption prior to Lunch Reduces Appetite and Total Energy Intake without Affecting Glycemia or Attentional Bias to Food Cues: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial in Healthy Adults.

Stamataki NS et al.J Nutr. 2020 May 1;150(5):1126-1134.  RCT

Social Jetlag, Eating Behaviours, and Body Mass Index among Adolescents in the United States.

Mathew GM et al.Br J Nutr. 2020 May 28:1-25.  Cross-Sectional Study
Physical Activity

The Effect of Ingesting Carbohydrate and Proteins on Athletic Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Kloby Nielsen LL et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 20;12(5):E1483 RCT

Addition of pectin-alginate to a carbohydrate beverage does not maintain gastrointestinal barrier function during exercise in hot-humid conditions better than carbohydrate ingestion alone.

Flood TR et al.Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020 May 4.  RCT

Caloric restriction induces anabolic resistance to resistance exercise.

Murphy C, Koehler K.Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 May;120(5):1155-1164. RCT

Momentary Physical Activity Co-Occurs with Healthy and Unhealthy Dietary Intake in African American College Freshmen.

Maher JP et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 9;12(5):E1360. RCT

Effects of 120 g/h of Carbohydrates Intake during a Mountain Marathon on Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage in Elite Runners.

Viribay A et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 11;12(5):E1367.  RCT
Mental Health

Short-term effects of carbohydrates differing in glycemic index (GI) consumed at lunch on children's cognitive function in a randomized crossover study.

Jansen K et al.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 May;74(5):757-764. RCT

Association between a low-carbohydrate diet and sleep status, depression, anxiety, and stress score.

Daneshzad E et al.J Sci Food Agric. 2020 May;100(7):2946-2952.  Cross-Sectional Study

The 'epileptic diet'- ketogenic and/or slow release of glucose intervention: A review.

Qi X, Tester RF.Clin Nutr. 2020 May;39(5):1324-1330.  Narrative Review
Knowledge & Perceptions

Knowledge, attitudes and practices with regard to sugar sweetened beverages and taxation among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Caribbean island of Barbados - A cross sectional survey in primary care.

Mangera KAS, Adams OP.Prim Care Diabetes. 2020 May 26:S1751-9918(20)30168-6.  Cross-Sectional Study
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics

Front of pack nutritional labelling schemes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of recent evidence relating to objectively measured consumption and purchasing.

Croker H et al.J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 May 4 SRMA

Family Meal Frequency, Diet, and Family Functioning: A Systematic Review With Meta-analyses.

Robson SM et al. 2020 May;52(5):553-564.  SRMA

Consumption of Diet Soda Sweetened with Sucralose and Acesulfame-Potassium Alters Inflammatory Transcriptome Pathways in Females with Overweight and Obesity.

Sylvetsky AC et al.Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Jun;64(11):e1901166.   RCT

The Use of SenseWear Armband for Assessment of Daily Energy Expenditure and the Relation to Body Fat Distribution and Nutritional Intake in Lean Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Arusoglu G.J Nutr Metab. 2020 May 6;2020:9191505 RCT

Fiction Is Sweet. The Impact of Media Consumption on the Development of Children's Nutritional Knowledge and the Moderating Role of Parental Food-Related Mediation. A Longitudinal Study.

Binder A et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 19;12(5):E1478.  Prospective Cohort Study

A comparison of the nutritional quality of products offered by the top packaged food and beverage companies in Canada.

Vergeer L et al.BMC Public Health. 2020 May 11;20(1):650.  Cross-Sectional Study

Assessing the Healthy Food Partnership's Proposed Nutrient Reformulation Targets for Foods and Beverages in Australia.

Rosewarne E et al.Nutrients. 2020 May 8;12(5):E1346.  Cross-Sectional Study

A 'whole systems' approach to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption: issues for global health promotion through a small island lens.

Jackson-Morris AM.Glob Health Promot. 2020 May 25:1757975920918587.  Narrative Review

Nonnutritive sweetener consumption during pregnancy, adiposity, and adipocyte differentiation in offspring: evidence from humans, mice, and cells.

Azad MB et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2020 May 4.  Narrative Review

Artificial sweeteners are related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Microbiota dysbiosis as a novel potential mechanism.

Emamat H et al.EXCLI J. 2020 May 12;19:620-626.  Narrative Review

April 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in April 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Comparison of dietary macronutrient patterns of 14 popular named dietary programmes for weight and cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised trials.

Ge L et al. BMJ. 2020 Apr 1;369:m696 SRMA

Effect of Plain Versus Sugar-Sweetened Breakfast on Energy Balance and Metabolic Health: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Carroll HA et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Apr;28(4):740-748.  RCT

Decreased Consumption of Added Fructose Reduces Waist Circumference and Blood Glucose Concentration in Patients with Overweight and Obesity. The DISFRUTE Study: A Randomised Trial in Primary Care.

Domínguez-Coello S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 19;12(4).  RCT

Predicting Weight Loss Using Psychological and Behavioral Factors: The POUNDS LOST Trial.

Liu X et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Apr 1;105(4).  RCT

Effects of timing of food intake on eating patterns, diet quality and weight gain during pregnancy.

Gontijo CA et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Apr 28;123(8):922-933.  RCT

Young adult nutrition and weight correlates of picky eating during childhood.

Pesch MH et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr;23(6):987-995. Cross- Sectional

Being obese versus trying to lose weight: Relationship with physical inactivity and soda drinking among high school students.

Heo M et al. J Sch Health. 2020 Apr;90(4):301-305.  Cross- Sectional

Obesity and tooth wear among American adults: the role of sugar-sweetened acidic drinks.

Kamal Y et al. Clin Oral Investig. 2020 Apr;24(4):1379-1385.  Narrative Review
Diabetes

High or low glycemic index (GI) meals at dinner results in greater postprandial glycemia compared with breakfast: a randomized controlled trial.

Haldar S et al. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2020 Apr;8(1).  RCT

Very Low and Higher Carbohydrate Diets Promote Differential Appetite Responses in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Trial.

Struik NA et al. J Nutr. 2020 Apr 1;150(4):800-805.  RCT

Carrageenan-Free Diet Shows Improved Glucose Tolerance and Insulin Signaling in Prediabetes: A Randomized, Pilot Clinical Trial.

Feferman L et al. J Diabetes Res. 2020 Apr 21;2020:8267980.  RCT

A food-based, low-energy, low-carbohydrate diet for people with type 2 diabetes in primary care: A randomized controlled feasibility trial.

Morris E et al. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020 Apr;22(4):512-520.  RCT

A Health-Conscious Food Pattern Is Associated with Prediabetes and Gut Microbiota in the Malmö Offspring Study.

Ericson U et al. J Nutr. 2020 Apr 1;150(4):861-872  Prospective Cohort

Glycemic responses to strenuous training in male professional cyclists with type 1 diabetes: a prospective observational study.

McCarthy O et al. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2020 Apr;8(1). Prospective Cohort

Association of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Frequency with Adiposity: Evidence from the "Children of 1997" Birth Cohort.

Zhang T et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 7;12(4). pii: E1015.   Prospective Cohort
Cadriovascular Disease

The Effects of Different Degrees of Carbohydrate Restriction and Carbohydrate Replacement on Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Humans-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Fechner E et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4).  SRMA

High-fructose corn syrup-sweetened soft drink consumption increases vascular resistance in the kidneys at rest and during sympathetic activation.

Chapman CL et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2020 Apr 1;318(4):F1053-F1065. RCT

Acute Effects of Three Different Meal Patterns on Postprandial Metabolism in Older Individuals with a Risk Phenotype for Cardiometabolic Diseases: A Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial.

Schönknecht YB et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 May;64(9):e1901035.  RCT

Effect of Daily Consumption of Cranberry Beverage on Insulin Sensitivity and Modification of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Obese Adults: A Pilot Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study.

Hsia DS et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Apr 17:1-27  RCT

Galactose Ingested with a High-Fat Beverage Increases Postprandial Lipemia Compared with Glucose but Not Fructose Ingestion in Healthy Men.

Watkins J et al. J Nutr. 2020 Apr 16. pii: nxaa105.  RCT

Low-carbohydrate diet and cardiovascular diseases in Iranian population: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study.

Farhadnejad H et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Apr 12;30(4):581-588.  Prospective Cohort
Dental Disease

Short-term effects of stain-causing beverages on tooth bleaching: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Chen YH et al. J Dent. 2020 Apr;95:103318.  RCT

Are Australian parents following feeding guidelines that will reduce their child's risk of dental caries?

Martin-Kerry J et al. Child Care Health Dev. 2020 Apr 4. Prospective Cohort

Dietary patterns associated with dental caries in adults in the United States.

Blostein FA et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2020 Apr;48(2):119-129.  Cross- Sectional
Other Chronic Diseases

Fructose Feeding and Hyperuricemia: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sayehmiri K et al. Clin Nutr Res. 2020 Apr 27;9(2):122-133.  SRMA

Dietary carbohydrate intake and risk of bone fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Mozaffari H et al. Public Health. 2020 Apr;181:102-109 SRMA

The associations of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened and naturally sweet juices with all-cause mortality in 198,285 UK Biobank participants: a prospective cohort study.

Anderson JJ et al. BMC Med. 2020 Apr 24;18(1):97 Prospective Cohort
Is consumption of fast-food and carbonated soft drink associated with anxiety-induced sleep disturbance among adolescents? A population-based study.

Khan A, Uddin R. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020 Apr;36:162-165.

Cross- Sectional

The Joint Effects of Some Beverages Intake and Smoking on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korean Adults: Data Analysis of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 2008-2015.

Min JE et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Apr 10;17(7).  Cross- Sectional
High-fat or high-sugar diets as trigger inflammation in the microbiota-gut-brain axis Jamar G et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Apr 8:1-19.  Narrative Review

Fructose Production and Metabolism in the Kidney.

Nakagawa T et al. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2020 May;31(5):898-906 Narrative Review

You Are What You Eat-The Relationship between Diet, Microbiota, and Metabolic Disorders-A Review.

Moszak M et al. Nutrients. 2020. Apr 15;12:4 Narrative Review

Role of Gut Microbiota in Neuroendocrine Regulation of Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism via the Microbiota-Gut-Brain-Liver Axis.

Wang SZ et al. Microorganisms. 2020 Apr 7;8(4).  Narrative Review
Dietary Intake Assessment

Canadian Adults with Moderate Intakes of Total Sugars have Greater Intakes of Fibre and Key Micronutrients: Results from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2015 Public Use Microdata File.

Wang YF et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 17;12(4).  Cross- Sectional

Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and obesity in SNAP-eligible children and adolescents.

Twarog JP et al. Prim Care Diabetes. 2020 Apr;14(2):181-185. Cross-Sectional

Protein intake is more stable than carbohydrate or fat intake across various US demographic groups and international populations.

Lieberman HR et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Apr 16. pii: nqaa044.  Cross-Sectional

Age and time trends in sugar intake among children and adolescents: results from the DONALD study.

Perrar I et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Apr;59(3):1043-1054.  Cross-Sectional

Total, added and free sugar intakes, dietary sources and determinants of consumption in Portugal: the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (IAN-AF 2015-2016).

Marinho AR et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr;23(5):869-881.  Cross-Sectional

High consumption of energy-dense nutrient-poor foods among low-income groups in the Mississippi Delta and Alabama.

Cohen DA et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr;23(6):1067-1075.  Cross-Sectional

Lack of in-home piped water and reported consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among adults in rural Alaska.

Mosites E et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Apr;23(5):861-868.  Cross-Sectional

Update of the BEVQ-15, a beverage intake questionnaire for habitual beverage intake for adults: determining comparative validity and reproducibility.

Fausnacht AG et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Apr 13.  Cross-Sectional

Dietary sources of free sugars in the diet of European children: the IDEFICS Study.

Graffe MIM et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Apr;59(3):979-989.  Cross-Sectional

Correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption of Malaysian preschoolers aged 3 to 6 years.

Foo LH et al. BMC Public Health. 2020 Apr 25;20(1):552.  Cross-Sectional

How Can We Motivate People to Use Nutritional Warnings in Decision Making? Citizen Co-Created Insights for the Development of Communication Campaigns.

Ares G et al. Health Educ Behav. 2020 Apr;47(2):321-331. 

Cross-Sectional

Examining the relationship between sugars contents of Canadian foods and beverages and child-appealing marketing.

Bernstein JT et al. Can J Public Health. 2020 Apr;111(2):239-246 Market Analysis

Distributional Changes in U.S. Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Purchases, 2002-2014.

Valizadeh P et al. Am J Prev Med. 2020 Apr 30. Market Analysis

Sales of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in Australia: A Trend Analysis from 1997 to 2018.

Shrapnel WS et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 7;12(4)  Market Analysis

The sugar content of children's and lunchbox beverages sold in the UK before and after the soft drink industry levy.

Chu BTY et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Apr;74(4):598-603.  Market Analysis
Diet Quality

Dietary patterns associated with meeting the WHO free sugars intake guidelines.

Steele C et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Jun;23(9):1495-1506 Cross-Sectional

Micronutrient Dilution and Added Sugars Intake in U.S. Adults: Examining This Association Using NHANES 2009-2014.

Fulgoni VL 3rd et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4).  Cross-Sectional
Eating Behaviour

A Systematic Review and Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis of fMRI Studies on Sweet Taste in Humans.

Roberts CA et al. J Nutr. 2020 Apr 9. pii: nxaa071.  SRMA

Suppression of Oral Sweet Sensations during Consumption of Sweet Food in Humans: Effects on Gastric Emptying Rate, Glycemic Response, Appetite, Food Satisfaction and Desire for Basic Tastes.

Kashima N et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 28;12(5).  RCT

The effect on satiety of ingesting isosweet and isoenergetic sucrose- and isomaltulose-sweetened beverages: a randomised crossover trial.

Mills BM et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Apr 24:1-7.  RCT

Appetite and energy intake responses to breakfast consumption and carbohydrate supplementation in hypoxia.

Griffiths A et al. Appetite. 2020 Apr 1;147:104564 RCT

Consuming Gymnema sylvestre Reduces the Desire for High-Sugar Sweet Foods.

Turner S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 10;12(4).  RCT

Foraging minds in modern environments: High-calorie and savory-taste biases in human food spatial memory.

de Vries R et al. Appetite. 2020 Apr 22;152:104718.  RCT

Using a Socioecological Approach to Identify Factors Associated with Adolescent Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake.

Yuhas M et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 Apr 22.  Cross-Sectional

Relationship between night shift work, eating habits and BMI among nurses in Lebanon.

Samhat Z et al. BMC Nurs. 2020 Apr 15;19:25 Cross-Sectional

Eggs, sugar, grated bones: colour-based food preferences in autism, eating disorders, and beyond.

Strand M. Med Humanit. 2020 Apr 27.  Cross-Sectional
Physical Activity 

The Effects of Low- and High-Glycemic Index Sport Nutrition Bars on Metabolism and Performance in Recreational Soccer Players.

Kaviani M et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 2;12(4).  RCT

Strength plus Endurance Training and Individualized Diet Reduce Fat Mass in Overweight Subjects: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Benito PJ et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Apr 10;17(7).  RCT

Hot-water immersion does not increase postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates during recovery from resistance-type exercise in healthy, young males.

Fuchs CJ et al. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2020 Apr 1;128(4):1012-1022.   RCT

Acute Effect of the Timing of Resistance Exercise and Nutrient Intake on Muscle Protein Breakdown.

Kume W et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 22;12(4).  RCT

Addition of Caffeine to a Carbohydrate Feeding Strategy Prior to Intermittent Exercise.

Hulton AT et al. Int J Sports Med. 2020 Apr 6. RCT

Probiotic supplementation increases carbohydrate metabolism in trained male cyclists: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial.

Pugh JN et al. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Apr 1;318(4):E504-E513.   RCT

A 3-day dietary manipulation affects muscle glycogen and results in modifications of carbohydrate and fat metabolism during exercise when hyperglycaemic.

Malone JJ et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 Apr;120(4):873-882.   RCT
Mental Health

Empirically derived dietary patterns and food groups intake in relation with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Shareghfarid E et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020 Apr;36:28-35.  SRMA

A Meta-Analysis of Abnormal Glucose Metabolism in First-Episode Drug-Naive Schizophrenia.

Yang W et al. Psychiatr Danub. 2020 Spring;32(1):46-54.  SRMA

Adherence to low-calorie and low-sugar diets is uniquely associated with distinct facets of appearance/weight-related smoking motivations.

Coniglio KA et al. J Behav Med. 2020 Apr  Cross-Sectional

The Psychological Models of Health-related Behavior in Understanding Sugars Intake in Adults: A Review.

Al Rawahi SH et al. Oman Med J. 2020 Apr 12;35(2):e114.  Narrative Review
Knowledge & Perceptions

Knowledge and Perceptions of Carbohydrates among Nutrition-Major and Nutrition-Elective Undergraduate Students in Canada.

Wang YF et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Apr 16:1-8.  Cross-Sectional
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics

Consumption of Diet Soda Sweetened with Sucralose and Acesulfame-Potassium Alters Inflammatory Transcriptome Pathways in Females with Overweight and Obesity.

Sylvetsky AC et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Apr 13:e1901166 RCT

Chronic sucralose consumption induces elevation of serum insulin in young healthy adults: a randomized, double blind, controlled trial.

Bueno-Hernández N et al. Nutr J. 2020 Apr 13;19(1):32  RCT

Impact of sugar taxes and front-of-package nutrition labels on purchases of protein, calcium and fibre.

Acton RB et al. Prev Med. 2020 Apr 15;136:106091.   RCT

Promoting healthy beverage consumption habits among elementary school children: results of the Healthy Kids Community Challenge 'Water Does Wonders' interventions in London, Ontario.

Irwin BR et al. Can J Public Health. 2020 Apr;111(2):257-268. RCT

Chronic sucralose consumption induces elevation of serum insulin in young healthy adults: a randomized, double blind, controlled trial.

Bueno-Hernández N et al. Nutr J. 2020 Apr 13;19(1):32  RCT

Consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners during pregnancy.

Palatnik A et al. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Apr 8 Cross-Sectional

First study of its kind on the microplastic contamination of soft drinks, cold tea and energy drinks - Future research and environmental considerations.

Shruti VC et al. Sci Total Environ. 2020 Apr 14;726:138580. Cross-Sectional

Low-carbohydrate, healthy-fat eating: A cost comparison with national dietary guidelines.

Zinn C et al. Nutr Diet. 2020 Apr;77(2):283-291 Case Study

Plausible Biological Interactions of Low- and Non-Calorie Sweeteners with the Intestinal Microbiota: An Update of Recent Studies.

Plaza-Diaz J et al. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 21;12(4).  Narrative Review

Lactose, Maltose, and Sucrose in Health and Disease.

Qi X et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Apr;64(8):e1901082.   Narrative Review

Carbohydrates in nutrition: friend or foe?

Großkopf A et al. Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2020 Apr 24.   Narrative Review

March 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publication published in March 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Obesity

Carbohydrate restriction in the morning increases weight loss effect of a hypocaloric Mediterranean type diet: a randomized, parallel group dietary intervention in overweight and obese subjects.

Dellis D et al. Nutrition. 2020 Mar;71:110578 RCT
A Carbohydrate Beverage Reduces Monocytes Expressing TLR4 in Children with Overweight or Obesity. Niemiro GM et al. J Nutr. 2020 Mar 1;150(3):616-622. RCT 
Diabetes

Effect of fructose and its epimers on postprandial carbohydrate metabolism: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Braunstein CR et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar 10. S0261-5614(20)30104-7.  SRMA

Diets with lower carbohydrate concentrations improve insulin sensitivity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A meta-analysis.

Porchia LM et al. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2020;248:110-117.  SRMA

Effects of stevia on glycemic and lipid profile of type 2 diabetic patients: A randomized controlled trial.

Ajami M et al. Avicenna J Phytomed. 2020 Mar-Apr;10(2):118-127.  RCT

Glucose and protein metabolic responses to an energy- but not protein- restricted diet in type 2 diabetes.

Coussa A et al. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020 Mar 12 RCT

A low-carbohydrate protein-rich bedtime snack to control fasting and nocturnal glucose in type 2 diabetes: A randomized trial.

Abbie E et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar 13. pii: S0261-5614(20)30111-4. RCT

Lemon juice, but not tea, reduces the glycemic response to bread in healthy volunteers: a randomized crossover trial.

Freitas D et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Mar 23. RCT

Short-Term Consumption of Sucralose with, but Not without, Carbohydrate Impairs Neural and Metabolic Sensitivity to Sugar in Humans.

Dalenberg JR et al. Cell Metab. 2020 Mar 3;31(3):493-502.e7 RCT

Effects of the low carbohydrate, high fat diet on glycemic control and body weight in patients with type 2 diabetes: experience from a community-based cohort.

Ahmed SR et al. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2020 Mar;8(1). 

 

Lipid Metabolism Links Nutrient-Exercise Timing to Insulin Sensitivity in Men Classified as Overweight or Obese.

Edinburgh RM et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Mar 1;105(3).  
Cardiovascular Disease

Intrahepatic Fat and Postprandial Glycemia Increase After Consumption of a Diet Enriched in Saturated Fat Compared With Free Sugars.

Parry SA et al. Diabetes Care. 2020 Mar 12.  RCT

Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load during pregnancy and offspring risk of congenital heart defects: a prospective cohort study.

Schmidt AB et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar 1;111(3):526-535. 

 

Association of free sugar intake with blood pressure and obesity measures in Australian adults.

Ahmad R et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Mar;59(2):651-659. 

 

Beverage Consumption and Longitudinal Changes in Lipoprotein Concentrations and Incident Dyslipidemia in US Adults: The Framingham Heart Study.

Haslam DE et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Mar 3;9(5):e014083. 

 
Associations of fat and carbohydrate intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality: prospective cohort study of UK Biobank participants.

Ho FK et al. BMJ. 2020 Mar 18;368:m688. 

 

Physical inactivity and excessive sucrose consumption are associated with higher serum lipids in subjects with Taq1B CETP polymorphism.

Campos-Perez W et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Mar 12. 

 

The associations between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and cardiometabolic risks in Chinese children and adolescents.

Zhu Z et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Mar 20:e12634. 

 

Factors influencing blood pressure and microalbuminuria in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus: salt or sugar?

Saygili S et al. Pediatr Nephrol. 2020 Mar 24. 

 
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in patients with established atherosclerosis disease. Ribas BLP et al. 2020 Mar;25(4):1499-1506.  
Cancer

Plant-based and animal-based low-carbohydrate diets and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma among US men and women.

Liu Y et al. Hepatology. 2020 Mar 29.

 

Low-carbohydrate-diet scores and the risk of primary open-angle glaucoma: data from three US cohorts.

Hanyuda A et al. Eye (Lond). 2020 Mar 2.

 

A Sweet Connection? Fructose's Role in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Dewdney B et al. Biomolecules. 2020 Mar 25;10(4). 

 

Honey intake for preventing cancer: Angel or demon: Comment on: Honey and cancer: A mechanistic review.

Jurado-Fasoli L et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar 29. pii: S0261-5614(20)30143-6.   
Liver Disease Effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on hepatic lipid content in adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A pilot, randomized trial.

Goss AM et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Mar 4:e12630. 

RCT

Effect of a ketogenic diet on hepatic steatosis and hepatic mitochondrial metabolism in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Luukkonen PK et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Mar 31;117(13):7347-7354.  RCT

Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Are Not Associated with Increased Liver Fat Content in Middle-Aged Men and Women.

Wittekind AL. J Nutr. 2020 Mar 1;150(3):644.  

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, insulin resistance, and sweeteners: a literature review.

Kakleas K et al. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Mar 26:1-11.

 
Dental Disease 

Short-term effects of stain-causing beverages on tooth bleaching: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Chen YH et al. J Dent. 2020 Mar 10:103318. RCT

Changes in dental caries and sugar intake before and during the conflict in Libya: A natural experiment.

Arheiam AA et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2020 Mar 3. 

 

Influence of salivary conditioning and sucrose concentration on biofilm-mediated enamel demineralization.

Ayoub HM et al. J Appl Oral Sci. 2020 Mar 27;28:e20190501.

 

Changes in the salivary electrolytic dynamic after sucrose exposure in children with Early Childhood Caries.

de Sousa ET et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Mar 5;10(1):4146.

 

The association between nutritional status and dental caries in low-income children: A multilevel analysis.

Rego IN et al. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2020 Mar 2.

 

An inverse relationship between obesity and dental caries in Mexican schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study.

García Pérez A et al. Public Health. 2020 Mar;180:163-167. 

 

Association of sugar-sweetened drinks with caries in 10- and 15-year-olds.

Pitchika V et al. BMC Oral Health. 2020 Mar 19;20(1):81.

 

The relationship between sucrose intake in coffee or tea, and root or coronal caries in an elderly Japanese population.

Yoshihara A et al. Community Dent Health. 2020 Mar 25. 

 

The association between beverage consumption pattern and dental problems in Iranian adolescents: a cross sectional study.

Hasheminejad N et al. BMC Oral Health. 2020 Mar 17;20(1):74.  
Dietary Intake Assessment

Impact of a health marketing campaign on sugars intake by children aged 5-11 years and parental views on reducing children's consumption.

Bradley J et al. BMC Public Health. 2020 Mar 30;20(1):331. 

 
Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Juice, Artificially-Sweetened Soda and Bottled Water: An Australian Population Study.

Miller C et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 19;12(3). 

 

Patterns of energy drinks consumption in leisure, sports and academic activities among a group of students attending University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Šljivo A et al. Ann Ig. 2020 Mar-Apr;32(2):141-156.

 

Characterizing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption for US Children and Adolescents by Race/Ethnicity.

Russo RG et al. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Mar 9.   

Exploration of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake in a Latinx Population.

Cuy Castellanos D et al. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2020 Mar;52(3):281-289.

 

Predicting limiting 'free sugar' consumption using an integrated model of health behavior.

Phipps DJ et al. Appetite. 2020 Jul 1;150:104668.

 

Do Youth Consume More Calories than they Expended in Youth Sports Leagues? An Observational Study of Physical Activity, Snacks, and Beverages.

Bennion N et al. Am J Health Behav. 2020 Mar 1;44(2):180-187. 

 

[Food contribution to total daily energy intake in the Mexican population older than five years].

García-Chávez CG et al. Salud Publica Mex. 2020 Mar-Apr;62(2):166-180.

 

Energy Intake, Macronutrient Profile and Food Sources of Spanish Children Aged One to <10 Years-Results from the EsNuPI Study.

Madrigal C et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 25;12(4). 

 

Intake of sugar sweetened soft drinks among adolescents: Trends and social inequality in Denmark 2002-2018.

Holstein BE et al. Nutr Health. 2020 Mar;26(1):3-8.  

Rate of inappropriate energy and micronutrient intake among the Korean working population.

Lee W et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Mar 18:1-12.  
Diet Quality

Associations between Family Meal Context and Diet Quality among Preschool-Aged Children in the Guelph Family Health Study.

Wedde S et al. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2020 Mar 1;81(1):21-27. 

 

Nutrient adequacy and diet quality in a Mediterranean population with metabolic syndrome: A cross-sectional study.

Bibiloni MDM et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar;39(3):853-861.

 

Trends in Diet Quality Among Youth in the United States, 1999-2016.

Liu J et al. JAMA. 2020 Mar 24;323(12):1161-1174. 

 

Second Version of a Mini-Survey to Evaluate Food Intake Quality (Mini-ECCA v.2): Reproducibility and Ability to Identify Dietary Patterns in University Students.

Bernal-Orozco MF et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 19;12(3). pii: E809. d

 

Sugar Content and Nutritional Quality of Child Orientated Ready to Eat Cereals and Yoghurts in the UK and Latin America; Does Food Policy Matter?

Garcia AL et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 23;12(3).  

 

Nutritional Content, Labelling and Marketing of Breakfast Cereals on the Belgian Market and Their Reformulation in Anticipation of the Implementation of the Nutri-Score Front-Of-Pack Labelling System.

Vermote M et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 25;12(4).  

 

Nutrition Profile of Products with Cartoon Animations on the Packaging: A UK Cross-Sectional Survey of Foods and Drinks.

Pombo-Rodrigues S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 6;12(3). pii: E707

 

Effect of Sugar Substitution with Steviol Glycosides on Sensory Quality and Physicochemical Composition of Low-Sugar Apple Preserves.

Pielak M et al. Foods. 2020 Mar 5;9(3).   
Eating Behaviour

Sensitivity to sweetness correlates to elevated reward brain responses to sweet and high-fat food odors in young healthy volunteers.

Han P et al. Neuroimage. 2020 Mar;208:116413. RCT

Stevia Beverage Consumption prior to Lunch Reduces Appetite and Total Energy Intake without Affecting Glycemia or Attentional Bias to Food Cues: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial in Healthy Adults.

Stamataki NS et al. J Nutr. 2020 Mar 3.  RCT

Potential effect of different nutritional labels on food choices among mothers: a study protocol.

Seyedhamzeh S et al. BMC Public Health. 2020 Mar 6;20(1):294. 

 

Taste sensitivity and lifestyle are associated with food preferences and BMI in children.

Rodrigues L et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Mar 18:1-9.

 

Oral Microbiota Profile Associates with Sugar Intake and Taste Preference Genes.

Esberg A et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 3;12(3). pii: E681.

 

Association between free sugars intake and nutrient dilution among Japanese adults: the 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan.

Fujiwara Aet al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Mar 11. 

 

Determinants of Sweetness Preference: A Scoping Review of Human Studies.

Venditti C et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 8;12(3).  
Physical Activity

Caloric restriction induces anabolic resistance to resistance exercise.

Murphy C et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 Mar 31. RCT

Sports Drink Intake Pattern Affects Exogenous Carbohydrate Oxidation during Running.

Mears SA et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Mar 10.  RCT

Infographic. Wake up and smell the coffee: caffeine supplementation and exercise performance.

Grgic J et al. Br J Sports Med. 2020 Mar;54(5):304-305.  
Mental Health

Dietary Fructose Intake and Hippocampal Structure and Connectivity during Childhood.

Clark KA et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 26;12(4). 

 

Association between Soft Drink Consumption and Aggressive Behaviour among a Quarter Million Adolescents from 64 Countries Based on the Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS).

Shi Z et al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 5;12(3).

 

Sugar-sweetened beverages consumption are associated with behavioral problems among preschoolers: A population based cross-sectional study in China.

Geng M et al. J Affect Disord. 2020 Mar 15;265:519-525.  
Knowledge & Perceptions

What makes a beverage healthy? A qualitative study of young adults' conceptualisation of sugar-containing beverage healthfulness.

Brownbill AL et al. Appetite. 2020 Jul 1;150:104675. 

 

Development and validation testing of a weight management nutrition knowledge questionnaire for adults.

Mikhail D et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2020 Mar;44(3):579-589.

 

Exploring the Perceptions of Women from Under-Resourced South African Communities about Participating in a Low-Carbohydrate High-Fat Nutrition and Health Education Program: A Qualitative Focus Group Study.

Pujol-Busquets Get al. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 25;12(4). 

 

The impact of front-of-package claims, fruit images, and health warnings on consumers' perceptions of sugar-sweetened fruit drinks: Three randomized experiments.

Hall MG et al. Prev Med. 2020 Mar;132:105998. 

 
Other Health & Lifestyle Topics

High-fructose corn syrup-sweetened soft drink consumption increases vascular resistance in the kidneys at rest and during sympathetic activation.

Chapman CL et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2020 Apr 1;318(4):F1053-F1065. RCT

Confusion in the nomenclature of ketogenic diets blurs evidence.

Trimboli P et al. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2020 Mar;21(1):1-3.

 

Association between soft drink consumption and handgrip strength in middle aged and older adults: the TCLSIH cohort study.

Wu H et al. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Mar 4:1-7. 

 
Dietary Carbohydrate Constituents Related to Gut Dysbiosis and Health.

Seo YS et al. Microorganisms. 2020 Mar 18;8(3). 

 

Dietary fructose feeds hepatic lipogenesis via microbiota-derived acetate.

Zhao S et al. Nature. 2020 Mar;579(7800):586-591.

 
Ketogenic diets and protective mechanisms in epilepsy, metabolic disorders, cancer, neuronal loss, and muscle and nerve degeneration. Li RJ et al. J Food Biochem. 2020 Mar;44(3):e13140.   

Reducing sugary drink consumption.

Kousta S. Nat Hum Behav. 2020 Mar;4(3):235.  

The short-term impact of dietary fat and sugar intake on breast milk composition: A clinical trial protocol.

Leghi GE et al. Nutr Health. 2020 Mar;26(1):65-72  

A narrative review of the effects of sugar-sweetened beverages on human health: A key global health issue.

Haque M et al. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Mar 3;27(1):e76-e103.  

Fructose metabolism as a common evolutionary pathway of survival associated with climate change, food shortage and droughts.

Johnson RJ et al. J Intern Med. 2020 Mar;287(3):252-262.

 

Exploring the Diversity of Sugar Compounds in Healthy, Prediabetic, and Diabetic Volunteers.

Mack CI et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Mar 13:e1901190. 

 

Consumption of carbonated soft drinks and suicide attempts among 105,061 adolescents aged 12-15 years from 6 high-income, 22 middle-income, and 4 low-income countries.

Jacob L et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Mar;39(3):886-892.   

February 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in February 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations
Obesity 

Effect of Plain Versus Sugar-Sweetened Breakfast on Energy Balance and Metabolic Health: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Carroll HA et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Feb 28.

The Effect of an 8 Week Prescribed Exercise and Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Body Composition and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Obese Individuals: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

Perissiou M et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 14;12(2). pii: E482. 

Three-Month Daily Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Affects the Liver, Adipose Tissue, and Glucose Metabolism.

Lee G et al. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2020 Feb 7.

The Effects of Low-Energy Moderate-Carbohydrate (MCD) and Mixed (MixD) Diets on Serum Lipid Profiles and Body Composition in Middle-Aged Men: A Randomized Controlled Parallel-Group Clinical Trial.

Michalczyk MM et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 19;17(4).

High Intake of Free Sugars, Fructose, and Sucrose Is Associated with Weight Gain in Japanese Men.

Yamakawa M et al. Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;150(2):322-330. PMID

Association between soft drink, fruit juice consumption and obesity in Eastern Europe: cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of the HAPIEE study.

Garduño-Alanís A et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Feb;33(1):66-77.

Calories, Caffeine and the Onset of Obesity in Young Children.

McCormick DP et al. Acad Pediatr. 2020 Feb 17. 

Being obese versus trying to lose weight: Relationship with physical inactivity and soda drinking among high school students.

Heo M et al. J Sch Health. 2020 Apr;90(4):301-305.

The carbohydrate-insulin model does not explain the impact of varying dietary macronutrients on the body weight and adiposity of mice. Hu S et al. Mol Metab. 2020 Feb;32:27-43.
Diabetes

Effect of High Versus Low Carbohydrate Intake in the Morning on Glycemic Variability and Glycemic Control Measured by Continuous Blood Glucose Monitoring in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus-A Randomized Crossover Study.

Rasmussen L et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 13;12(2). 

Effects of White Potatoes Consumed With Eggs on Satiety, Food Intake, and Glycemic Response in Children and Adolescents.

Lee JJ et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):147-154

Inflexibility of the plasma miRNA response following a high-carbohydrate meal in overweight insulin-resistant women.

Ramzan F et al. Genes Nutr. 2020 Feb 4;15:2.

Association of dietary glycaemic index, glycaemic load, and total carbohydrates with incidence of type-2 diabetes in adults aged ≥40 years: The Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort).

Kim SY et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020 Feb;160:108007.

Associations of diet soda and non-caloric artificial sweetener use with markers of glucose and insulin homeostasis and incident diabetes: the Strong Heart Family Study.

Jensen PN et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;74(2):322-327.

The current state of parent feeding behavior, child eating behavior, and nutrition intake in young children with type 1 diabetes.

Mackey ER et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2020 Feb 14. 

Association between Timing of Energy Intake and Insulin Sensitivity: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Rangaraj VR et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 16;12(2). pii: E503.

Genotypes of HLA, TCF7L2, and FTO as potential modifiers of the association between sweetened beverage consumption and risk of LADA and type 2 diabetes.

Löfvenborg JE et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):127-135.

Reduced Glucose Tolerance and Skeletal Muscle GLUT4 and IRS1 Content in Cyclists Habituated to a Long-Term Low-Carbohydrate, High-Fat Diet.

Webster CC et al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2020 Feb 28:1-8. 

Effect of sucralose and aspartame on glucose metabolism and gut hormones.

Ahmad SY et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Feb 17. 

Three-Month Daily Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Affects the Liver, Adipose Tissue, and Glucose Metabolism.

Lee G, Han JH, Maeng HJ, Lim S. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2020 Feb 7.

Oral administration of spa-derived green alga improves insulin resistance in overweight subjects: Mechanistic insights from fructose-fed rats.

Kaseda K et al. Pharmacol Res. 2020 Feb;152:104633.
Cardiovascular Disease

Two apples a day lower serum cholesterol and improve cardiometabolic biomarkers in mildly hypercholesterolemic adults: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial.

Koutsos A et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):307-318. 

Honey does not adversely impact blood lipids of adult men and women: a randomized cross-over trial.

Al-Tamimi AM et al. Nutr Res. 2019 Nov 30;74:87-95.

A Randomized Study of the Effect of Replacing Sugar-Sweetened Soda by Reduced Fat Milk on Cardiometabolic Health in Male Adolescent Soda Drinkers.

Chiu S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 4;12(2). pii: E405.

Carbohydrate quality changes and concurrent changes in cardiovascular risk factors: a longitudinal analysis in the PREDIMED-Plus randomized trial.

Martínez-González MA et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):291-306.

Cumulative sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with higher concentrations of circulating ceramides in the Framingham Offspring Cohort.

Walker ME et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):420-428. 

Substitution of sugar-sweetened beverages for other beverages and the risk of developing coronary heart disease: Results from the Harvard Pooling Project of Diet and Coronary Disease.

Keller A et al. Prev Med. 2020 Feb;131:105970.

Relationship between sensory liking for fat, sweet or salt and cardiometabolic diseases: mediating effects of diet and weight status.

Lampuré A et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):249-261.

Beverage Consumption and Longitudinal Changes in Lipoprotein Concentrations and Incident Dyslipidemia in US Adults: The Framingham Heart Study.

Haslam DE et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Mar 3;9(5):e014083.

Added sugar and trans fatty acid intake and sedentary behavior were associated with excess total-body and central adiposity in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease.

Honicky M et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb 12:e12623.

Cardiovascular and Autonomic Responses to Energy Drinks-Clinical Implications.

Somers KR, Svatikova A. J Clin Med. 2020 Feb 5;9(2). pii: E431.

Lactose, Maltose and Sucrose - In Health and Disease.

Qi X, Tester RF. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb 11:e1901082. 

Are low-carbohydrate diets safe in diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease?

Mitchell NS et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2020 Feb;1461(1):25-36.

Dietary fructose and dyslipidemia: new mechanisms involving apolipoprotein CIII.

Hieronimus B et al. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2020 Feb;31(1):20-26. 

Non-nutritional sweeteners effects on endothelial vascular function.

Schiano C e t al. Toxicol In Vitro. 2020 Feb;62:104694.

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Lipid Profile: More Evidence for Interventions.

Kuklina EV et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Mar 3;9(5):e015061.

Carvedilol Diminishes Cardiac Remodeling Induced by High-Fructose/High-Fat Diet in Mice via Enhancing Cardiac β-Arrestin2 Signaling.

Ibrahim WS et al. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Feb 13.

Hypercaloric diet models do not develop heart failure, but the excess sucrose promotes contractility dysfunction.

Martins Matias A et al. PLoS One. 2020 Feb 7;15(2):e0228860. 
Cancer 

[Influence of food or food groups intake on the occurrence and/or protection of different types of cancer: systematic review].

Contreras García E et al. Nutr Hosp. 2020 Feb 17;37(1):169-192. Spanish.

Ketogenic and low-sugar diets for patients with cancer: perceptions and practices of medical oncologists in Canada.

Klassen PN et al. Support Care Cancer. 2020 Feb 23. 

General Metabolism

Effects of macronutrient manipulation on postprandial metabolic responses in overweight males with high fasting lipids during simulated shift work: A randomized crossover trial.

Bonham MP et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):369-377. 

Fructose-induced alterations of glucose and lipid homeostasis: progressive organ dysfunction leading to metabolic diseases or mere adaptive changes?

Tappy L. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):244-245.

Metabolic effects of a prolonged, very-high-dose dietary fructose challenge in healthy subjects.

Smajis S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):369-377.

Long-term sucrose solution consumption causes metabolic alterations and affects hepatic oxidative stress in Wistar rats.

Souza Cruz EM et al. Biol Open. 2020 Feb 28;9(3). pii: bio047282.

Chronic consumption of the dietary polyphenol chrysin attenuates metabolic disease in fructose-fed rats.

Andrade N et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):151-165. 
Liver Health

Whole-grain consumption and its effects on hepatic steatosis and liver enzymes in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a randomised controlled clinical trial.

Dorosti M et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Feb 14;123(3):328-336.

Elevated fructose and uric acid via aldose reductase contribute to experimental and human alcoholic liver disease.

Wang M et al. Hepatology. 2020 Feb 22. doi: 10.1002/hep.31197.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver in hereditary fructose intolerance.

Aldámiz-Echevarría L et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):455-459.

Differentiated Hepatic Response to Fructose Intake during Adolescence Reveals the Increased Susceptibility to Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease of Maternal High-Fat Diet Male Rat Offspring. Oliveira LS et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb;64(3):e1900838.
Diet Quality 

Association between added sugar intake and micronutrient dilution: a cross-sectional study in two adult Swedish populations.

González-Padilla E et al. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2020 Feb 11;17:15.

Intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and added sugars by the Brazilian population: an indicator to evaluate diet quality.

Monteiro LS, Rodrigues PRM, Sichieri R, Pereira RA. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 11.

Diet quality and dental caries in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

Sanders A et al. J Public Health Dent. 2020 Feb 7.

Contribution of Milk Beverages to Nutrient Adequacy of Young Children and Preschool Children in the Philippines.

Mak TN et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 1;12(2). pii: E392.

100% Fruit Juice in Child and Adolescent Dietary Patterns.

Murray RD. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):122-127.
Dietary Intake Assessment

Free and Added Sugar Consumption and Adherence to Guidelines: The UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2014/15-2015/16).

Amoutzopoulos B et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 1;12(2). pii: E393.

Sugar intake among German adolescents: trends from 1990-2016 based on biomarker excretion in 24-h urine samples.

Perrar I et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Feb 27:1-23.

[Consumption of soft, sports, and energy drinks in adolescents. The BEENIS study].

Cruz Muñoz V et al. An Pediatr (Barc). 2020 Feb 22. 

Dietary and Health Characteristics of Korean Adults According to the Level of Energy Intake from Carbohydrate: Analysis of the 7th (2016-2017) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data.

Soh SM et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 7;12(2). pii: E429. 

Demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake: a population-based study.

Fontes AS et al. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2020 Feb 21;23:e200003.

Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Indigenous Australian children aged 0-3 years and association with sociodemographic, life circumstances and health factors.

Thurber KA et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(2):295-308. 
Eating Behaviour 

Effects of interventions based on the theory of planned behavior on sugar-sweetened beverage consumption intentions and behavior.

Gregorio-Pascual P et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 1;145:104491.

Which snack factors and nutritional ingredients influence college students' snack choices? Evidence from discrete choice experiments.

Rusmevichientong P et al. J Am Coll Health. 2020 Feb-Mar;68(2):192-199.

Acute Sleep Curtailment Increases Sweet Taste Preference, Appetite and Food Intake in Healthy Young Adults: A Randomized Crossover Trial. Tajiri E et al. Behav Sci (Basel). 2020 Feb 1;10(2).

Sweet satiation: Acute effects of consumption of sweet drinks on appetite for and intake of sweet and non-sweet foods.

Rogers PJ et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 11;149:104631.

Predictors of engagement and outcome achievement in a behavioural intervention targeting sugar-sweetened beverage intake among rural adults.

Porter KJ et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(3):554-563. 

Effects of caloric or non-caloric sweetener long-term consumption on taste preferences and new aversive learning.

Vera-Rivera G et al. Nutr Neurosci. 2020 Feb;23(2):128-138.

How Much Sugar is in My Drink? The Power of Visual Cues.

Merillat BD et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 2;12(2). pii: E394

Comparing ABA, AAB, and ABC Renewal of Appetitive Pavlovian Conditioned Responding in Alcohol- and Sucrose-Trained Male Rats.

Khoo SY et al. Front Behav Neurosci. 2020 Feb 13;14:5.

Chronic exposure to liquid sucrose and dry sucrose diet have differential effects on peripheral taste responses in female rats.

McCluskey LP et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 1;145:104499.

Sucrose consumption alters steroids and dopamine signalling in the female rat brain.

Tobiansky DJ et al. J Endocrinol. 2020 Feb 1.

Exclusively drinking sucrose or saline early in life alters adult drinking behavior by laboratory rats.

Volcko KL et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 4;149:104616.
Physical Activity 

Effects of carbohydrate and protein co-ingestion during short-term moderate-intensity exercise on cognitive function.

Sun FH et al. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2020 Feb 5. 

Affective and Enjoyment Responses to Short-Term High-Intensity Interval Training with Low-Carbohydrate Diet in Overweight Young Women.

Kong Z et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 10;12(2). pii: E442.

Acute intense exercise improves sleep and decreases next morning consumption of energy-dense food in adolescent girls with obesity and evening chronotype.

Saidi O et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb 4:e12613

Frequent Carbohydrate Ingestion Reduces Muscle Glycogen Depletion and Postpones Fatigue Relative to a Single Bolus.

Menzies C et al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2020 Feb 28:1-7.

Food consumption and its association with leisure-time physical activity and active commuting in Brazilian workers.

da Silva JA et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;74(2):314-321.

Chronic exercise provides renal-protective effects with upregulation of fatty acid oxidation in the kidney of high fructose-fed rats.

Hu G et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2020 Mar 1;318(3):F826-F834.

Carbohydrate intake and ketosis in self-sufficient multi-stage ultramarathon runners.

Edwards KH et al. J Sports Sci. 2020 Feb;38(4):366-374.
Mental Health

High glycemic index and glycemic load diets as risk factors for insomnia: analyses from the Women's Health Initiative.

Gangwisch JE et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):429-439.

Associations of dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes with cognition among children.

Naveed S et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb 21:1-7.

The current state of parent feeding behavior, child eating behavior, and nutrition intake in young children with type 1 diabetes.

Mackey ER et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2020 Feb 14.

Association between a low-carbohydrate diet and sleep status, depression, anxiety, and stress score.

Daneshzad E et al. J Sci Food Agric. 2020 Feb 7

The metaplastic effects of ketamine on sucrose renewal and contextual memory reconsolidation in rats.

Piva A et al. Behav Brain Res. 2020 Feb 3;379:112347.
Policy School nutrition: Support for providing healthy food and beverage choices in schools.

Critch JN. Paediatr Child Health. 2020 Feb;25(1):33-46.

Evaluating the Canadian Packaged Food Supply Using Health Canada's Proposed Nutrient Criteria for Restricting Food and Beverage Marketing to Children.

Mulligan C et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 15;17(4). 

Policy - Food Labelling 

An evaluation of Chile's Law of Food Labeling and Advertising on sugar-sweetened beverage purchases from 2015 to 2017: A before-and-after study.

Taillie LS et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Feb 11;17(2):e1003015.

Can the updated nutrition facts label decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption?

Neuhofer Z et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 21;37:100867. 

The influence of front-of-pack portion size images on children's serving and intake of cereal.

McGale LS et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb;15(2):e12583. 

A cross-country exploratory study to investigate the labelling, energy, carbohydrate and sugar content of formula milk products marketed for infants.

Bridge G et al. Br Dent J. 2020 Feb;228(3):198-212.

Which snack factors and nutritional ingredients influence college students' snack choices? Evidence from discrete choice experiments.

Rusmevichientong P et al. J Am Coll Health. 2020 Feb-Mar;68(2):192-199.

Stars versus warnings: Comparison of the Australasian Health Star Rating nutrition labelling system with Chilean Warning Labels.

Söderlund F et al. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2020 Feb;44(1):28-33. 

Interpretive nutrient profiling algorithms are a limited tool for assessing the healthiness of countries' packaged food and beverage supplies, and the conclusions are not substantiated by the data.

Lawrence M et al. Obes Rev. 2020 Feb;21(2):e12957.

Policy - Taxation 

Sugar-Sweetened and Diet Beverage Consumption in Philadelphia One Year after the Beverage Tax.

Zhong Y et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 19;17(4). 

Oakland's sugar-sweetened beverage tax: Impacts on prices, purchases and consumption by adults and children.

Cawley J et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 21;37:100865.

Impact of the announcement and implementation of the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy on sugar content, price, product size and number of available soft drinks in the UK, 2015-19: A controlled interrupted time series analysis.

Scarborough P et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Feb 11;17(2):e1003025.

The Impact of a Sweetened Beverage Tax on Beverage Volume Sold in Cook County, Illinois, and Its Border Area.

Powell LM et al. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Feb 25.

An analysis of the stock market reaction to the announcements of the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy.

Law C et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 17:100834. 
Knowledge and Perceptions 

Knowledge of Sugars Consumption and the WHO Sugars Guideline among Canadian Dietitians and Other Health Professionals.

Wang F et al. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2020 Feb 19:1-4. 

Whole grain and high-fibre grain foods: How do knowledge, perceptions and attitudes affect food choice? Barrett EM et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 11;149:104630.
Dental Health

The Healthy Eating Index and coronal dental caries in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014.

Kaye EA et al. J Am Dent Assoc. 2020 Feb;151(2):78-86.

Sucrose promotes caries progression by disrupting the microecological balance in oral biofilms: an in vitro study.

Du Q et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Feb 19;10(1):2961.
Gout

Intake of selected foods and beverages and serum uric acid levels in adults: ELSA-Brasil (2008-2010).

Silva MTD et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(3):506-514.
Microbiome

Low Protein-High Carbohydrate Diets Alter Energy Balance, Gut Microbiota Composition and Blood Metabolomics Profile in Young Pigs.

Spring et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Feb 24;10(1):3318.
Other Topics

Impact of soft drinks to health and economy: a critical review

Tahmassebi JF, BaniHani A. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2020 Feb;21(1):109-117.

Lactose, Maltose and Sucrose - In Health and Disease.

Qi X, Tester RF. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb 11:e1901082.

Milk and Health.

Willett WC, Ludwig DS. N Engl J Med. 2020 Feb 13;382(7):644-654.

Carbohydrate and bioactive compounds composition of starchy tropical fruits and tubers, in relation to pre and postharvest conditions: A review.

Rinaldo D. J Food Sci. 2020 Feb;85(2):249-259.

Stevia as a Natural sweetener: A Review.

Arumugam B et al. Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem. 2020 Feb 6.

Potential health benefits of (poly)phenols derived from fruit and 100% fruit juice.

Ho KKHY et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Feb 1;78(2):145-174. 

 

January 2020 

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in January 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations
Obesity 
 
Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet: A Safe and Effective Tool for Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity and Mild Kidney Failure. Bruci A, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 32012661
The association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake, body mass index, and inflammation in US adults

Lin W, et al. Int J Public Health 2020. PMID  31982934

Preferences for Sweet and Fatty Taste in Children and Their Mothers in Association with Weight Status Sobek G, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020. PMID 31952132
Development and validation testing of a weight management nutrition knowledge questionnaire for adults

Mikhail D, et al. Int J Obes (Lond) 2020. PMID  31911666

Diabetes The effect of psyllium consumption on weight, body mass index, lipid profile, and glucose metabolism in diabetic patients: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Xiao Z, et al. Phytother Res 2020. PMID 31919936
A Snack Formulated with Ingredients to Slow Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption Reduces the Glycemic Response in HUmans: A Randomized Controlled Trial Rebello CJ, et al. J Med Food 2020. PMID 31596655
Very Low and Higher Carbohydrate Diets Promote Differential Appetite Responses in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Trial Struik NA, et al. J Nutr 2020. PMID 31953540
Effects of Daily Low-Dose Date Consumption on Glycemic Control, Lipid Profile, and Quality of Life in Adults with Pre- and Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial Alalwan TA, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31952131
The potential efficacy of dietary fatty acids and fructose induced inflammation and oxidative stress on the insulin signaling and fat accumulation in mice Tamer F, et al. Food Chem Toxicol 2020. PMID 31672515
Association of dietary glycaemic index, glycaemix load, and total carbohydrates with incidence of type-2 diabetes in adults aged ≥40 years: The Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort) Kim SY, et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2020. PMID 31953108
Fructose and hepatic insulin resistance Softic S, et al. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. PMID 31935149
Cardiovascular Disease The effects of low-carbohydrate diets on cardiovascular risk factors: A meta-analysis Dong T, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31935216
Dietary sugars and cardiometabolic risk factors: a network meta-analysis on isocaloric substitution interventions Schwingshackl L, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31711109
Efficacy of Isomaltose Compared to Sucrose in Modulating Endothelial Function in Overweight Adults de Groot E, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31947853
Sugar-containing beverage consumption and cardiometabolic risk in preschool children Eny KM, et al. Prev Med Rep 2020. PMID 32021763
Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load during pregnancy and offspring risk of congenital heart defects: a prospective cohort study  Schmidt AB, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31942930
The Buckwheat Iminosugar d-Fagomine Attenuates Sucrose-Induced Steatosis and Hypertension in Rats Ramos-Romero S, et al. Mol Nutr Food Res 2020. PMID 31657510
Aerobic exercise modulates cardiac NAD(P)H oxidase and the NRF2/KEAP1 pathway in a mouse model of chronic fructose consumption  Alves R, et al. J Appl Physiol 2020. PMID 31647720
Metabolic Syndrome Association of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with risk of metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents in urban China Li S, et al. Public Health Nutr 2020. PMID 31915093
General Metabolism Impact of isocaloric exchanges of carbohydrate for fat on postprandial glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and free fatty acid responses - a systematic review and meta-analysis Kdekian A, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31767988
Low-calorie sweeteners cause only limited metabolic effects in mice Glendinning JI, et al. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2020. PMID 31693385
Differential metabolic and multi-tissue transcriptomic responses to fructose consumption among genetically diverse mice Zhang G, et al. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 2020. PMID 31669422
Diet Quality  Application of the Healthy Eating Index-2015 and the Nutrient-Rich Food Index 9.3 for assessing overall diet quality in the Japanese context: Different nutritional concerns from the US Murakami K, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31999772
Optimism is associated with diet quality, food group composition and snacking behavior in a general population Ait-Hadad W, et al. Nutr J 2020. PMID 31959166
Nutritional composition of the food supply: a comparison of soft drinks and breakfast cereals between three European countries based on labels  Vin K, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31138876
Dietary Intake Assessment Relationships between children's sugar consumption at home and their food choices and consumption at school lunch Baglaf K, Muirhead V, and Pine C. Public Health Nutr 2020. PMID 31957630
From carbohydrates to fat: Trends in food intake among Swedish nutrition students from 2002 to 2017 Bergström M, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31990946
Added Sugars Intake among US Infants and Toddlers  Herrick KA, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet 2020. PMID 31735600
Sugary Drink Consumption Among Children by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Status Koma JW, et al. Am J Prev Med 2020. PMID 31761517
Total Sugar Intake and Macro and Micronutrients in Children Aged 6-8 Years: The ANIVA Study  Morales-Suarez-Varela M, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 32013081
Social Networks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption in a Pediatric Urban Academic Practice Duh-Leong C and Braganza S. Behav Med 2020. PMID 30481137
Frequently Consumed Foods and Energy Contributions among Food Secure and Insecure US Children and Adolescents  Eicher-Miller HA, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31979303
Determinants of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Indian Adutls: Findings from the National Family Health Survey-4 Mathur MR, et al. Indian J Community Med 2020. PMID 32029986
Eating Behaviour  Can Parenting Practices Moderate the Relationship between Reward Sensitivity and Adolescents' Consumption of Snacks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages?  Van Lippevelde W, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31936404
Influence of Nutritional Education on the Diet and Nutritional Behaviors of Elderly Women at the University of the Third Age Michalczyk MM, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020. PMID 31973121
Do perceived norms of social media users' eating habits and preferences predict our own food consumption and BMI?  Hawkins LK, Farrow C, and Thomas JM. Appettite 2020. PMID 31958481
The neuroscience of sugars in taste, gut-reward, feeding circuits, and obesity Gutierrez R, Fonseca E, and Simon SA. Cell Mol Life Sci 2020. PMID 32006052
Effects of different sweeteners on behavior and neurotransmitters release in mice Xin KJ, et al. J Food Sci Technol 2020. PMID 31975714
Physical Activity  Effects of protein intake prior to carbohydrate-restricted endurance exercise: a randomized crossover trial  Larsen MS, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2020. PMID 31992300
Effects of carbohydrate supplementation on aerobic exercise performance during acute high altitude exposure and after 22 days of acclimatization and energy deficit Bradbury KE, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2020. PMID 31918720
Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behaviors Morgan EH, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020. PMID 31902132
Policy - Food Labelling  The impact of front-of-package claims, fruit images, and health warnings on consumers' perceptions of sugar-sweetened fruit drinks: Three randomized experiments Hall MG, et al. Prev Med 2020. PMID 31982477
Can point-of-sale nutrition information and health warnings encourage reduced preference for sugary drinks?: An experimental study  Scully M, et al. Appetite 2020. PMID 31981587
Socioeconomic position and the impact of increasing availability of lower energy meals vs menu energy labelling on food choice: two randomized controlled trials in a virtual fast-food restaurant Marty L, Jones A, and Robinson E. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2020. PMID 32005255
Policy - Taxation  Effects of a sugar-sweetened beverage tax on prices and affordability of soft drinks in Chile: A time series analysis Cuadrado C, et al. Soc Sci Med 2020. PMID 31862547
Distribution of sugar-sweetened beverage sales volume by sugar content in the United States: implications for tiered taxation and tax revenue  Powell LM, Andreyeva T, and Isgor Z. J Public Health Policy 2020. PMID 31969656
The impact of the Cook County, IL. Sweetenened Beverage Tax on beverage prices Powell LM, Leider J, and Léger PT. Econ Hum Biol 2020. PMID 32028211
Attitudes and Perceptions  Daily Adolescent Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake is Association with Select Asolescent, Not Parent, Attitudes About Limiting Sugary Drink and Junk Food Intake Imoisili OE, et al. Am J Health Promot 2020. PMID 31409090
"When we were young, it really was a treat; now sugar is just the norm every day" - A qualitative study of parents' and young adults' perceptions and consumption of sugar drinks  Miller C, et al. Health Promot J Austr 2020. PMID 31074907
Dental Health Association between soft drink consumption, gastric reflux, dental erosion, and obesity among special care children Basha S, et al. Spec Care Dentist 2020. PMID 31820473
A time-based objective evaluation of the erosive effects of various beverages on enamel and cemuntum of deciduous and permanent teeth Rajeev G, Lewis AJ, and NS. J Clin Exp Dent 2020. PMID 31976037
In vitro evaluation of the cariogenic potential of rebaudioside A compared to sucrose and xylitol  Ganter J, et al. Clin Oral Investig 2020. PMID 31030274
Pregnancy and Lactation  Glycemic load, dietary fiber, and added sugar and fecundability in 2 preconception cohorts Willis SK, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31901163
Effects of timing of food intake on eating patterns, diet quality and weight gain during pregnancy Gontijo CA, et al. Br J Nutr 2020. PMID 31902384
Fructose consumption during pregnancy and lactation causes DNA damage and biochemical changes in female mice  Magenis ML, et al. Mutagenesis 2020. PMID 31967303
Bone Health  Dietary carbohydrate intake and risk of bone fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies  Mozaffari H, Daneshzad E, and Azadbakht L. Public Health 2020. PMID 31982636
A Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Impairs Markers of Bone Health in Response to Exercise Heikura IA, et al. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020. PMID 32038477
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease  Differentiated Hepatic Response to Fructose Intake during Adolescence Reveals the Increased Susceptibility to Non-Alcholic Fatty Liver Disease of Maternal High-Fat Diet Male Rat Offspring Oliveira LS, et al. Mol Nutr Food Res 2020. PMID 31916388
Gout Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and dietary fructose in relation to risk of gout and hyperuricemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis Ebrahimpour-Koujan S, et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2020. PMID 30277800
Stevia residue extract alone and combination with allopurinol attenuate hyperuricemia in fructose-PO-induced hyperuricemic mice Mehmood A, et al. J Food Biochem 2020. PMID 31680279
Mental Health Ketogenic diets and protective mechanisms in epilepsy, metabolic disorders, cancer, neuronal loss, and muscle and nerve degeneration  Li RJ, et al. J Food Biochem 2020. PMID 31943235
The depressogenic potential of added dietary sugars  Reis DJ, et al. Med Hypotheses 2020. PMID 31634771
Microbiome Antiobiotic Treatment Does Not Ameliorate the Metabolic Changes in Rats Presenting Dysbiosis After Consuming a HIgh Fructose Diet  Bier A, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31941016
Cystic Fibrosis Effects of low glycemic index/high-fat, high-calorie diet on glycemic control and lipid profiles of children and adolescence with cystic fibrosis: A randomized double-blind controlled trial Gorji Z, et al. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020. PMID 31991298