CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is provided below: 

Time: At the end of each month
Database: PubMed
Search Terms:

(Sugar* OR sucrose OR added sugar* OR beverage OR soft drink* OR soda OR diet soda OR sweet* OR fructose OR carbohydrate*)AND (obes* OR overweight OR body mass index OR BMI OR weight gain OR satiety OR satiation OR appetite OR receptor OR taste OR postprandial OR hormone OR hunger OR cognition OR brain OR reward OR food intake OR hedonic OR neuronal OR sensitivity OR addiction OR hyperactive* OR binge eating disorder OR BED OR behaviour* OR insulin resistance OR hyperinsulin* OR diabet* OR fatty liver* OR NAFLD OR triglycerides OR lipids OR fat OR cardio* OR heart disease OR hypertension OR blood pressure OR cancer OR tumor OR cancerogenic OR dental caries OR oral health OR tooth OR teeth OR decay OR physical activity OR exercise OR sport OR energy OR kidney OR uric acid OR hyperuric* OR gout OR acne OR renal OR skin OR ageing OR micronutrient dilution OR vitamin* OR mineral* OR deficiency OR glycaemic index OR glycemic index OR glycaemic load OR glycemic load OR gout OR inflammatory arthritis OR uric acid OR urate nephropathy OR microbiome OR consumption OR diet OR nutrition OR dental caries OR tooth decay)

Date of Publication: From the first to the last day of each month.

Selection criteria:
Read through each of the titles and abstracts to identified publications that are related to sugars, carbohydrates in the context of diet, health and public policy.

To subscribe to the Sugars Digest monthly email broadcast, please contact flora.wang@sugar.ca

February 2020

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in February 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations

Effect of Plain Versus Sugar-Sweetened Breakfast on Energy Balance and Metabolic Health: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Carroll HA et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Feb 28.

The Effect of an 8 Week Prescribed Exercise and Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Body Composition and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Obese Individuals: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

Perissiou M et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 14;12(2). pii: E482. 

Three-Month Daily Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Affects the Liver, Adipose Tissue, and Glucose Metabolism.

Lee G et al. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2020 Feb 7.

The Effects of Low-Energy Moderate-Carbohydrate (MCD) and Mixed (MixD) Diets on Serum Lipid Profiles and Body Composition in Middle-Aged Men: A Randomized Controlled Parallel-Group Clinical Trial.

Michalczyk MM et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 19;17(4).

High Intake of Free Sugars, Fructose, and Sucrose Is Associated with Weight Gain in Japanese Men.

Yamakawa M et al. Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;150(2):322-330. PMID

Association between soft drink, fruit juice consumption and obesity in Eastern Europe: cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of the HAPIEE study.

Garduño-Alanís A et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020 Feb;33(1):66-77.

Calories, Caffeine and the Onset of Obesity in Young Children.

McCormick DP et al. Acad Pediatr. 2020 Feb 17. 

Being obese versus trying to lose weight: Relationship with physical inactivity and soda drinking among high school students.

Heo M et al. J Sch Health. 2020 Apr;90(4):301-305.

The carbohydrate-insulin model does not explain the impact of varying dietary macronutrients on the body weight and adiposity of mice. Hu S et al. Mol Metab. 2020 Feb;32:27-43.

Effect of High Versus Low Carbohydrate Intake in the Morning on Glycemic Variability and Glycemic Control Measured by Continuous Blood Glucose Monitoring in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus-A Randomized Crossover Study.

Rasmussen L et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 13;12(2). 

Effects of White Potatoes Consumed With Eggs on Satiety, Food Intake, and Glycemic Response in Children and Adolescents.

Lee JJ et al. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):147-154

Inflexibility of the plasma miRNA response following a high-carbohydrate meal in overweight insulin-resistant women.

Ramzan F et al. Genes Nutr. 2020 Feb 4;15:2.

Association of dietary glycaemic index, glycaemic load, and total carbohydrates with incidence of type-2 diabetes in adults aged ≥40 years: The Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort).

Kim SY et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020 Feb;160:108007.

Associations of diet soda and non-caloric artificial sweetener use with markers of glucose and insulin homeostasis and incident diabetes: the Strong Heart Family Study.

Jensen PN et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;74(2):322-327.

The current state of parent feeding behavior, child eating behavior, and nutrition intake in young children with type 1 diabetes.

Mackey ER et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2020 Feb 14. 

Association between Timing of Energy Intake and Insulin Sensitivity: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Rangaraj VR et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 16;12(2). pii: E503.

Genotypes of HLA, TCF7L2, and FTO as potential modifiers of the association between sweetened beverage consumption and risk of LADA and type 2 diabetes.

Löfvenborg JE et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):127-135.

Reduced Glucose Tolerance and Skeletal Muscle GLUT4 and IRS1 Content in Cyclists Habituated to a Long-Term Low-Carbohydrate, High-Fat Diet.

Webster CC et al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2020 Feb 28:1-8. 

Effect of sucralose and aspartame on glucose metabolism and gut hormones.

Ahmad SY et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Feb 17. 

Three-Month Daily Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Affects the Liver, Adipose Tissue, and Glucose Metabolism.

Lee G, Han JH, Maeng HJ, Lim S. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2020 Feb 7.

Oral administration of spa-derived green alga improves insulin resistance in overweight subjects: Mechanistic insights from fructose-fed rats.

Kaseda K et al. Pharmacol Res. 2020 Feb;152:104633.
Cardiovascular Disease

Two apples a day lower serum cholesterol and improve cardiometabolic biomarkers in mildly hypercholesterolemic adults: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial.

Koutsos A et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):307-318. 

Honey does not adversely impact blood lipids of adult men and women: a randomized cross-over trial.

Al-Tamimi AM et al. Nutr Res. 2019 Nov 30;74:87-95.

A Randomized Study of the Effect of Replacing Sugar-Sweetened Soda by Reduced Fat Milk on Cardiometabolic Health in Male Adolescent Soda Drinkers.

Chiu S et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 4;12(2). pii: E405.

Carbohydrate quality changes and concurrent changes in cardiovascular risk factors: a longitudinal analysis in the PREDIMED-Plus randomized trial.

Martínez-González MA et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):291-306.

Cumulative sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with higher concentrations of circulating ceramides in the Framingham Offspring Cohort.

Walker ME et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):420-428. 

Substitution of sugar-sweetened beverages for other beverages and the risk of developing coronary heart disease: Results from the Harvard Pooling Project of Diet and Coronary Disease.

Keller A et al. Prev Med. 2020 Feb;131:105970.

Relationship between sensory liking for fat, sweet or salt and cardiometabolic diseases: mediating effects of diet and weight status.

Lampuré A et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):249-261.

Beverage Consumption and Longitudinal Changes in Lipoprotein Concentrations and Incident Dyslipidemia in US Adults: The Framingham Heart Study.

Haslam DE et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Mar 3;9(5):e014083.

Added sugar and trans fatty acid intake and sedentary behavior were associated with excess total-body and central adiposity in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease.

Honicky M et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb 12:e12623.

Cardiovascular and Autonomic Responses to Energy Drinks-Clinical Implications.

Somers KR, Svatikova A. J Clin Med. 2020 Feb 5;9(2). pii: E431.

Lactose, Maltose and Sucrose - In Health and Disease.

Qi X, Tester RF. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb 11:e1901082. 

Are low-carbohydrate diets safe in diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease?

Mitchell NS et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2020 Feb;1461(1):25-36.

Dietary fructose and dyslipidemia: new mechanisms involving apolipoprotein CIII.

Hieronimus B et al. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2020 Feb;31(1):20-26. 

Non-nutritional sweeteners effects on endothelial vascular function.

Schiano C e t al. Toxicol In Vitro. 2020 Feb;62:104694.

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption and Lipid Profile: More Evidence for Interventions.

Kuklina EV et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Mar 3;9(5):e015061.

Carvedilol Diminishes Cardiac Remodeling Induced by High-Fructose/High-Fat Diet in Mice via Enhancing Cardiac β-Arrestin2 Signaling.

Ibrahim WS et al. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Feb 13.

Hypercaloric diet models do not develop heart failure, but the excess sucrose promotes contractility dysfunction.

Martins Matias A et al. PLoS One. 2020 Feb 7;15(2):e0228860. 

[Influence of food or food groups intake on the occurrence and/or protection of different types of cancer: systematic review].

Contreras García E et al. Nutr Hosp. 2020 Feb 17;37(1):169-192. Spanish.

Ketogenic and low-sugar diets for patients with cancer: perceptions and practices of medical oncologists in Canada.

Klassen PN et al. Support Care Cancer. 2020 Feb 23. 

General Metabolism

Effects of macronutrient manipulation on postprandial metabolic responses in overweight males with high fasting lipids during simulated shift work: A randomized crossover trial.

Bonham MP et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):369-377. 

Fructose-induced alterations of glucose and lipid homeostasis: progressive organ dysfunction leading to metabolic diseases or mere adaptive changes?

Tappy L. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):244-245.

Metabolic effects of a prolonged, very-high-dose dietary fructose challenge in healthy subjects.

Smajis S et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):369-377.

Long-term sucrose solution consumption causes metabolic alterations and affects hepatic oxidative stress in Wistar rats.

Souza Cruz EM et al. Biol Open. 2020 Feb 28;9(3). pii: bio047282.

Chronic consumption of the dietary polyphenol chrysin attenuates metabolic disease in fructose-fed rats.

Andrade N et al. Eur J Nutr. 2020 Feb;59(1):151-165. 
Liver Health

Whole-grain consumption and its effects on hepatic steatosis and liver enzymes in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a randomised controlled clinical trial.

Dorosti M et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Feb 14;123(3):328-336.

Elevated fructose and uric acid via aldose reductase contribute to experimental and human alcoholic liver disease.

Wang M et al. Hepatology. 2020 Feb 22. doi: 10.1002/hep.31197.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver in hereditary fructose intolerance.

Aldámiz-Echevarría L et al. Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):455-459.

Differentiated Hepatic Response to Fructose Intake during Adolescence Reveals the Increased Susceptibility to Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease of Maternal High-Fat Diet Male Rat Offspring. Oliveira LS et al. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb;64(3):e1900838.
Diet Quality 

Association between added sugar intake and micronutrient dilution: a cross-sectional study in two adult Swedish populations.

González-Padilla E et al. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2020 Feb 11;17:15.

Intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and added sugars by the Brazilian population: an indicator to evaluate diet quality.

Monteiro LS, Rodrigues PRM, Sichieri R, Pereira RA. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 11.

Diet quality and dental caries in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

Sanders A et al. J Public Health Dent. 2020 Feb 7.

Contribution of Milk Beverages to Nutrient Adequacy of Young Children and Preschool Children in the Philippines.

Mak TN et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 1;12(2). pii: E392.

100% Fruit Juice in Child and Adolescent Dietary Patterns.

Murray RD. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020 Feb;39(2):122-127.
Dietary Intake Assessment

Free and Added Sugar Consumption and Adherence to Guidelines: The UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2014/15-2015/16).

Amoutzopoulos B et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 1;12(2). pii: E393.

Sugar intake among German adolescents: trends from 1990-2016 based on biomarker excretion in 24-h urine samples.

Perrar I et al. Br J Nutr. 2020 Feb 27:1-23.

[Consumption of soft, sports, and energy drinks in adolescents. The BEENIS study].

Cruz Muñoz V et al. An Pediatr (Barc). 2020 Feb 22. 

Dietary and Health Characteristics of Korean Adults According to the Level of Energy Intake from Carbohydrate: Analysis of the 7th (2016-2017) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data.

Soh SM et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 7;12(2). pii: E429. 

Demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake: a population-based study.

Fontes AS et al. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2020 Feb 21;23:e200003.

Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Indigenous Australian children aged 0-3 years and association with sociodemographic, life circumstances and health factors.

Thurber KA et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(2):295-308. 
Eating Behaviour 

Effects of interventions based on the theory of planned behavior on sugar-sweetened beverage consumption intentions and behavior.

Gregorio-Pascual P et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 1;145:104491.

Which snack factors and nutritional ingredients influence college students' snack choices? Evidence from discrete choice experiments.

Rusmevichientong P et al. J Am Coll Health. 2020 Feb-Mar;68(2):192-199.

Acute Sleep Curtailment Increases Sweet Taste Preference, Appetite and Food Intake in Healthy Young Adults: A Randomized Crossover Trial. Tajiri E et al. Behav Sci (Basel). 2020 Feb 1;10(2).

Sweet satiation: Acute effects of consumption of sweet drinks on appetite for and intake of sweet and non-sweet foods.

Rogers PJ et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 11;149:104631.

Predictors of engagement and outcome achievement in a behavioural intervention targeting sugar-sweetened beverage intake among rural adults.

Porter KJ et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(3):554-563. 

Effects of caloric or non-caloric sweetener long-term consumption on taste preferences and new aversive learning.

Vera-Rivera G et al. Nutr Neurosci. 2020 Feb;23(2):128-138.

How Much Sugar is in My Drink? The Power of Visual Cues.

Merillat BD et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 2;12(2). pii: E394

Comparing ABA, AAB, and ABC Renewal of Appetitive Pavlovian Conditioned Responding in Alcohol- and Sucrose-Trained Male Rats.

Khoo SY et al. Front Behav Neurosci. 2020 Feb 13;14:5.

Chronic exposure to liquid sucrose and dry sucrose diet have differential effects on peripheral taste responses in female rats.

McCluskey LP et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 1;145:104499.

Sucrose consumption alters steroids and dopamine signalling in the female rat brain.

Tobiansky DJ et al. J Endocrinol. 2020 Feb 1.

Exclusively drinking sucrose or saline early in life alters adult drinking behavior by laboratory rats.

Volcko KL et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 4;149:104616.
Physical Activity 

Effects of carbohydrate and protein co-ingestion during short-term moderate-intensity exercise on cognitive function.

Sun FH et al. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2020 Feb 5. 

Affective and Enjoyment Responses to Short-Term High-Intensity Interval Training with Low-Carbohydrate Diet in Overweight Young Women.

Kong Z et al. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 10;12(2). pii: E442.

Acute intense exercise improves sleep and decreases next morning consumption of energy-dense food in adolescent girls with obesity and evening chronotype.

Saidi O et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb 4:e12613

Frequent Carbohydrate Ingestion Reduces Muscle Glycogen Depletion and Postpones Fatigue Relative to a Single Bolus.

Menzies C et al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2020 Feb 28:1-7.

Food consumption and its association with leisure-time physical activity and active commuting in Brazilian workers.

da Silva JA et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb;74(2):314-321.

Chronic exercise provides renal-protective effects with upregulation of fatty acid oxidation in the kidney of high fructose-fed rats.

Hu G et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2020 Mar 1;318(3):F826-F834.

Carbohydrate intake and ketosis in self-sufficient multi-stage ultramarathon runners.

Edwards KH et al. J Sports Sci. 2020 Feb;38(4):366-374.
Mental Health

High glycemic index and glycemic load diets as risk factors for insomnia: analyses from the Women's Health Initiative.

Gangwisch JE et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 Feb 1;111(2):429-439.

Associations of dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes with cognition among children.

Naveed S et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb 21:1-7.

The current state of parent feeding behavior, child eating behavior, and nutrition intake in young children with type 1 diabetes.

Mackey ER et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2020 Feb 14.

Association between a low-carbohydrate diet and sleep status, depression, anxiety, and stress score.

Daneshzad E et al. J Sci Food Agric. 2020 Feb 7

The metaplastic effects of ketamine on sucrose renewal and contextual memory reconsolidation in rats.

Piva A et al. Behav Brain Res. 2020 Feb 3;379:112347.
Policy School nutrition: Support for providing healthy food and beverage choices in schools.

Critch JN. Paediatr Child Health. 2020 Feb;25(1):33-46.

Evaluating the Canadian Packaged Food Supply Using Health Canada's Proposed Nutrient Criteria for Restricting Food and Beverage Marketing to Children.

Mulligan C et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 15;17(4). 

Policy - Food Labelling 

An evaluation of Chile's Law of Food Labeling and Advertising on sugar-sweetened beverage purchases from 2015 to 2017: A before-and-after study.

Taillie LS et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Feb 11;17(2):e1003015.

Can the updated nutrition facts label decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption?

Neuhofer Z et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 21;37:100867. 

The influence of front-of-pack portion size images on children's serving and intake of cereal.

McGale LS et al. Pediatr Obes. 2020 Feb;15(2):e12583. 

A cross-country exploratory study to investigate the labelling, energy, carbohydrate and sugar content of formula milk products marketed for infants.

Bridge G et al. Br Dent J. 2020 Feb;228(3):198-212.

Which snack factors and nutritional ingredients influence college students' snack choices? Evidence from discrete choice experiments.

Rusmevichientong P et al. J Am Coll Health. 2020 Feb-Mar;68(2):192-199.

Stars versus warnings: Comparison of the Australasian Health Star Rating nutrition labelling system with Chilean Warning Labels.

Söderlund F et al. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2020 Feb;44(1):28-33. 

Interpretive nutrient profiling algorithms are a limited tool for assessing the healthiness of countries' packaged food and beverage supplies, and the conclusions are not substantiated by the data.

Lawrence M et al. Obes Rev. 2020 Feb;21(2):e12957.

Policy - Taxation 

Sugar-Sweetened and Diet Beverage Consumption in Philadelphia One Year after the Beverage Tax.

Zhong Y et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 19;17(4). 

Oakland's sugar-sweetened beverage tax: Impacts on prices, purchases and consumption by adults and children.

Cawley J et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 21;37:100865.

Impact of the announcement and implementation of the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy on sugar content, price, product size and number of available soft drinks in the UK, 2015-19: A controlled interrupted time series analysis.

Scarborough P et al. PLoS Med. 2020 Feb 11;17(2):e1003025.

The Impact of a Sweetened Beverage Tax on Beverage Volume Sold in Cook County, Illinois, and Its Border Area.

Powell LM et al. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Feb 25.

An analysis of the stock market reaction to the announcements of the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy.

Law C et al. Econ Hum Biol. 2020 Feb 17:100834. 
Knowledge and Perceptions 

Knowledge of Sugars Consumption and the WHO Sugars Guideline among Canadian Dietitians and Other Health Professionals.

Wang F et al. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2020 Feb 19:1-4. 

Whole grain and high-fibre grain foods: How do knowledge, perceptions and attitudes affect food choice? Barrett EM et al. Appetite. 2020 Feb 11;149:104630.
Dental Health

The Healthy Eating Index and coronal dental caries in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014.

Kaye EA et al. J Am Dent Assoc. 2020 Feb;151(2):78-86.

Sucrose promotes caries progression by disrupting the microecological balance in oral biofilms: an in vitro study.

Du Q et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Feb 19;10(1):2961.

Intake of selected foods and beverages and serum uric acid levels in adults: ELSA-Brasil (2008-2010).

Silva MTD et al. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Feb;23(3):506-514.

Low Protein-High Carbohydrate Diets Alter Energy Balance, Gut Microbiota Composition and Blood Metabolomics Profile in Young Pigs.

Spring et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Feb 24;10(1):3318.
Other Topics

Impact of soft drinks to health and economy: a critical review

Tahmassebi JF, BaniHani A. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2020 Feb;21(1):109-117.

Lactose, Maltose and Sucrose - In Health and Disease.

Qi X, Tester RF. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Feb 11:e1901082.

Milk and Health.

Willett WC, Ludwig DS. N Engl J Med. 2020 Feb 13;382(7):644-654.

Carbohydrate and bioactive compounds composition of starchy tropical fruits and tubers, in relation to pre and postharvest conditions: A review.

Rinaldo D. J Food Sci. 2020 Feb;85(2):249-259.

Stevia as a Natural sweetener: A Review.

Arumugam B et al. Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem. 2020 Feb 6.

Potential health benefits of (poly)phenols derived from fruit and 100% fruit juice.

Ho KKHY et al. Nutr Rev. 2020 Feb 1;78(2):145-174. 


January 2020 

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in January 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations
Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet: A Safe and Effective Tool for Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity and Mild Kidney Failure. Bruci A, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 32012661
The association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake, body mass index, and inflammation in US adults

Lin W, et al. Int J Public Health 2020. PMID  31982934

Preferences for Sweet and Fatty Taste in Children and Their Mothers in Association with Weight Status Sobek G, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020. PMID 31952132
Development and validation testing of a weight management nutrition knowledge questionnaire for adults

Mikhail D, et al. Int J Obes (Lond) 2020. PMID  31911666

Diabetes The effect of psyllium consumption on weight, body mass index, lipid profile, and glucose metabolism in diabetic patients: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Xiao Z, et al. Phytother Res 2020. PMID 31919936
A Snack Formulated with Ingredients to Slow Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption Reduces the Glycemic Response in HUmans: A Randomized Controlled Trial Rebello CJ, et al. J Med Food 2020. PMID 31596655
Very Low and Higher Carbohydrate Diets Promote Differential Appetite Responses in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Trial Struik NA, et al. J Nutr 2020. PMID 31953540
Effects of Daily Low-Dose Date Consumption on Glycemic Control, Lipid Profile, and Quality of Life in Adults with Pre- and Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial Alalwan TA, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31952131
The potential efficacy of dietary fatty acids and fructose induced inflammation and oxidative stress on the insulin signaling and fat accumulation in mice Tamer F, et al. Food Chem Toxicol 2020. PMID 31672515
Association of dietary glycaemic index, glycaemix load, and total carbohydrates with incidence of type-2 diabetes in adults aged ≥40 years: The Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort) Kim SY, et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2020. PMID 31953108
Fructose and hepatic insulin resistance Softic S, et al. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. PMID 31935149
Cardiovascular Disease The effects of low-carbohydrate diets on cardiovascular risk factors: A meta-analysis Dong T, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31935216
Dietary sugars and cardiometabolic risk factors: a network meta-analysis on isocaloric substitution interventions Schwingshackl L, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31711109
Efficacy of Isomaltose Compared to Sucrose in Modulating Endothelial Function in Overweight Adults de Groot E, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31947853
Sugar-containing beverage consumption and cardiometabolic risk in preschool children Eny KM, et al. Prev Med Rep 2020. PMID 32021763
Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load during pregnancy and offspring risk of congenital heart defects: a prospective cohort study  Schmidt AB, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31942930
The Buckwheat Iminosugar d-Fagomine Attenuates Sucrose-Induced Steatosis and Hypertension in Rats Ramos-Romero S, et al. Mol Nutr Food Res 2020. PMID 31657510
Aerobic exercise modulates cardiac NAD(P)H oxidase and the NRF2/KEAP1 pathway in a mouse model of chronic fructose consumption  Alves R, et al. J Appl Physiol 2020. PMID 31647720
Metabolic Syndrome Association of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with risk of metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents in urban China Li S, et al. Public Health Nutr 2020. PMID 31915093
General Metabolism Impact of isocaloric exchanges of carbohydrate for fat on postprandial glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and free fatty acid responses - a systematic review and meta-analysis Kdekian A, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31767988
Low-calorie sweeteners cause only limited metabolic effects in mice Glendinning JI, et al. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2020. PMID 31693385
Differential metabolic and multi-tissue transcriptomic responses to fructose consumption among genetically diverse mice Zhang G, et al. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 2020. PMID 31669422
Diet Quality  Application of the Healthy Eating Index-2015 and the Nutrient-Rich Food Index 9.3 for assessing overall diet quality in the Japanese context: Different nutritional concerns from the US Murakami K, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31999772
Optimism is associated with diet quality, food group composition and snacking behavior in a general population Ait-Hadad W, et al. Nutr J 2020. PMID 31959166
Nutritional composition of the food supply: a comparison of soft drinks and breakfast cereals between three European countries based on labels  Vin K, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31138876
Dietary Intake Assessment Relationships between children's sugar consumption at home and their food choices and consumption at school lunch Baglaf K, Muirhead V, and Pine C. Public Health Nutr 2020. PMID 31957630
From carbohydrates to fat: Trends in food intake among Swedish nutrition students from 2002 to 2017 Bergström M, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31990946
Added Sugars Intake among US Infants and Toddlers  Herrick KA, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet 2020. PMID 31735600
Sugary Drink Consumption Among Children by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Status Koma JW, et al. Am J Prev Med 2020. PMID 31761517
Total Sugar Intake and Macro and Micronutrients in Children Aged 6-8 Years: The ANIVA Study  Morales-Suarez-Varela M, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 32013081
Social Networks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption in a Pediatric Urban Academic Practice Duh-Leong C and Braganza S. Behav Med 2020. PMID 30481137
Frequently Consumed Foods and Energy Contributions among Food Secure and Insecure US Children and Adolescents  Eicher-Miller HA, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31979303
Determinants of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Indian Adutls: Findings from the National Family Health Survey-4 Mathur MR, et al. Indian J Community Med 2020. PMID 32029986
Eating Behaviour  Can Parenting Practices Moderate the Relationship between Reward Sensitivity and Adolescents' Consumption of Snacks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages?  Van Lippevelde W, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31936404
Influence of Nutritional Education on the Diet and Nutritional Behaviors of Elderly Women at the University of the Third Age Michalczyk MM, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020. PMID 31973121
Do perceived norms of social media users' eating habits and preferences predict our own food consumption and BMI?  Hawkins LK, Farrow C, and Thomas JM. Appettite 2020. PMID 31958481
The neuroscience of sugars in taste, gut-reward, feeding circuits, and obesity Gutierrez R, Fonseca E, and Simon SA. Cell Mol Life Sci 2020. PMID 32006052
Effects of different sweeteners on behavior and neurotransmitters release in mice Xin KJ, et al. J Food Sci Technol 2020. PMID 31975714
Physical Activity  Effects of protein intake prior to carbohydrate-restricted endurance exercise: a randomized crossover trial  Larsen MS, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2020. PMID 31992300
Effects of carbohydrate supplementation on aerobic exercise performance during acute high altitude exposure and after 22 days of acclimatization and energy deficit Bradbury KE, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2020. PMID 31918720
Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behaviors Morgan EH, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020. PMID 31902132
Policy - Food Labelling  The impact of front-of-package claims, fruit images, and health warnings on consumers' perceptions of sugar-sweetened fruit drinks: Three randomized experiments Hall MG, et al. Prev Med 2020. PMID 31982477
Can point-of-sale nutrition information and health warnings encourage reduced preference for sugary drinks?: An experimental study  Scully M, et al. Appetite 2020. PMID 31981587
Socioeconomic position and the impact of increasing availability of lower energy meals vs menu energy labelling on food choice: two randomized controlled trials in a virtual fast-food restaurant Marty L, Jones A, and Robinson E. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2020. PMID 32005255
Policy - Taxation  Effects of a sugar-sweetened beverage tax on prices and affordability of soft drinks in Chile: A time series analysis Cuadrado C, et al. Soc Sci Med 2020. PMID 31862547
Distribution of sugar-sweetened beverage sales volume by sugar content in the United States: implications for tiered taxation and tax revenue  Powell LM, Andreyeva T, and Isgor Z. J Public Health Policy 2020. PMID 31969656
The impact of the Cook County, IL. Sweetenened Beverage Tax on beverage prices Powell LM, Leider J, and Léger PT. Econ Hum Biol 2020. PMID 32028211
Attitudes and Perceptions  Daily Adolescent Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake is Association with Select Asolescent, Not Parent, Attitudes About Limiting Sugary Drink and Junk Food Intake Imoisili OE, et al. Am J Health Promot 2020. PMID 31409090
"When we were young, it really was a treat; now sugar is just the norm every day" - A qualitative study of parents' and young adults' perceptions and consumption of sugar drinks  Miller C, et al. Health Promot J Austr 2020. PMID 31074907
Dental Health Association between soft drink consumption, gastric reflux, dental erosion, and obesity among special care children Basha S, et al. Spec Care Dentist 2020. PMID 31820473
A time-based objective evaluation of the erosive effects of various beverages on enamel and cemuntum of deciduous and permanent teeth Rajeev G, Lewis AJ, and NS. J Clin Exp Dent 2020. PMID 31976037
In vitro evaluation of the cariogenic potential of rebaudioside A compared to sucrose and xylitol  Ganter J, et al. Clin Oral Investig 2020. PMID 31030274
Pregnancy and Lactation  Glycemic load, dietary fiber, and added sugar and fecundability in 2 preconception cohorts Willis SK, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31901163
Effects of timing of food intake on eating patterns, diet quality and weight gain during pregnancy Gontijo CA, et al. Br J Nutr 2020. PMID 31902384
Fructose consumption during pregnancy and lactation causes DNA damage and biochemical changes in female mice  Magenis ML, et al. Mutagenesis 2020. PMID 31967303
Bone Health  Dietary carbohydrate intake and risk of bone fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies  Mozaffari H, Daneshzad E, and Azadbakht L. Public Health 2020. PMID 31982636
A Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Impairs Markers of Bone Health in Response to Exercise Heikura IA, et al. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020. PMID 32038477
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease  Differentiated Hepatic Response to Fructose Intake during Adolescence Reveals the Increased Susceptibility to Non-Alcholic Fatty Liver Disease of Maternal High-Fat Diet Male Rat Offspring Oliveira LS, et al. Mol Nutr Food Res 2020. PMID 31916388
Gout Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and dietary fructose in relation to risk of gout and hyperuricemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis Ebrahimpour-Koujan S, et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2020. PMID 30277800
Stevia residue extract alone and combination with allopurinol attenuate hyperuricemia in fructose-PO-induced hyperuricemic mice Mehmood A, et al. J Food Biochem 2020. PMID 31680279
Mental Health Ketogenic diets and protective mechanisms in epilepsy, metabolic disorders, cancer, neuronal loss, and muscle and nerve degeneration  Li RJ, et al. J Food Biochem 2020. PMID 31943235
The depressogenic potential of added dietary sugars  Reis DJ, et al. Med Hypotheses 2020. PMID 31634771
Microbiome Antiobiotic Treatment Does Not Ameliorate the Metabolic Changes in Rats Presenting Dysbiosis After Consuming a HIgh Fructose Diet  Bier A, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31941016
Cystic Fibrosis Effects of low glycemic index/high-fat, high-calorie diet on glycemic control and lipid profiles of children and adolescence with cystic fibrosis: A randomized double-blind controlled trial Gorji Z, et al. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020. PMID 31991298