CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is provided below: 

Time: At the end of each month
Database: PubMed
Search Terms:

(Sugar* OR sucrose OR added sugar* OR beverage OR soft drink* OR soda OR diet soda OR sweet* OR fructose OR carbohydrate*)AND (obes* OR overweight OR body mass index OR BMI OR weight gain OR satiety OR satiation OR appetite OR receptor OR taste OR postprandial OR hormone OR hunger OR cognition OR brain OR reward OR food intake OR hedonic OR neuronal OR sensitivity OR addiction OR hyperactive* OR binge eating disorder OR BED OR behaviour* OR insulin resistance OR hyperinsulin* OR diabet* OR fatty liver* OR NAFLD OR triglycerides OR lipids OR fat OR cardio* OR heart disease OR hypertension OR blood pressure OR cancer OR tumor OR cancerogenic OR dental caries OR oral health OR tooth OR teeth OR decay OR physical activity OR exercise OR sport OR energy OR kidney OR uric acid OR hyperuric* OR gout OR acne OR renal OR skin OR ageing OR micronutrient dilution OR vitamin* OR mineral* OR deficiency OR glycaemic index OR glycemic index OR glycaemic load OR glycemic load OR gout OR inflammatory arthritis OR uric acid OR urate nephropathy OR microbiome OR consumption OR diet OR nutrition OR dental caries OR tooth decay)

Date of Publication: From the first to the last day of each month.

Selection criteria:
Read through each of the titles and abstracts to identified publications that are related to sugars, carbohydrates in the context of diet, health and public policy.

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January 2020 

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in January 2020, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations
Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet: A Safe and Effective Tool for Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity and Mild Kidney Failure. Bruci A, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 32012661
The association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake, body mass index, and inflammation in US adults

Lin W, et al. Int J Public Health 2020. PMID  31982934

Preferences for Sweet and Fatty Taste in Children and Their Mothers in Association with Weight Status Sobek G, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020. PMID 31952132
Development and validation testing of a weight management nutrition knowledge questionnaire for adults

Mikhail D, et al. Int J Obes (Lond) 2020. PMID  31911666

Diabetes The effect of psyllium consumption on weight, body mass index, lipid profile, and glucose metabolism in diabetic patients: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Xiao Z, et al. Phytother Res 2020. PMID 31919936
A Snack Formulated with Ingredients to Slow Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption Reduces the Glycemic Response in HUmans: A Randomized Controlled Trial Rebello CJ, et al. J Med Food 2020. PMID 31596655
Very Low and Higher Carbohydrate Diets Promote Differential Appetite Responses in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Trial Struik NA, et al. J Nutr 2020. PMID 31953540
Effects of Daily Low-Dose Date Consumption on Glycemic Control, Lipid Profile, and Quality of Life in Adults with Pre- and Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial Alalwan TA, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31952131
The potential efficacy of dietary fatty acids and fructose induced inflammation and oxidative stress on the insulin signaling and fat accumulation in mice Tamer F, et al. Food Chem Toxicol 2020. PMID 31672515
Association of dietary glycaemic index, glycaemix load, and total carbohydrates with incidence of type-2 diabetes in adults aged ≥40 years: The Multi-Rural Communities Cohort (MRCohort) Kim SY, et al. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2020. PMID 31953108
Fructose and hepatic insulin resistance Softic S, et al. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. PMID 31935149
Cardiovascular Disease The effects of low-carbohydrate diets on cardiovascular risk factors: A meta-analysis Dong T, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31935216
Dietary sugars and cardiometabolic risk factors: a network meta-analysis on isocaloric substitution interventions Schwingshackl L, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31711109
Efficacy of Isomaltose Compared to Sucrose in Modulating Endothelial Function in Overweight Adults de Groot E, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31947853
Sugar-containing beverage consumption and cardiometabolic risk in preschool children Eny KM, et al. Prev Med Rep 2020. PMID 32021763
Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load during pregnancy and offspring risk of congenital heart defects: a prospective cohort study  Schmidt AB, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31942930
The Buckwheat Iminosugar d-Fagomine Attenuates Sucrose-Induced Steatosis and Hypertension in Rats Ramos-Romero S, et al. Mol Nutr Food Res 2020. PMID 31657510
Aerobic exercise modulates cardiac NAD(P)H oxidase and the NRF2/KEAP1 pathway in a mouse model of chronic fructose consumption  Alves R, et al. J Appl Physiol 2020. PMID 31647720
Metabolic Syndrome Association of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with risk of metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents in urban China Li S, et al. Public Health Nutr 2020. PMID 31915093
General Metabolism Impact of isocaloric exchanges of carbohydrate for fat on postprandial glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and free fatty acid responses - a systematic review and meta-analysis Kdekian A, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31767988
Low-calorie sweeteners cause only limited metabolic effects in mice Glendinning JI, et al. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2020. PMID 31693385
Differential metabolic and multi-tissue transcriptomic responses to fructose consumption among genetically diverse mice Zhang G, et al. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 2020. PMID 31669422
Diet Quality  Application of the Healthy Eating Index-2015 and the Nutrient-Rich Food Index 9.3 for assessing overall diet quality in the Japanese context: Different nutritional concerns from the US Murakami K, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31999772
Optimism is associated with diet quality, food group composition and snacking behavior in a general population Ait-Hadad W, et al. Nutr J 2020. PMID 31959166
Nutritional composition of the food supply: a comparison of soft drinks and breakfast cereals between three European countries based on labels  Vin K, et al. Eur J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31138876
Dietary Intake Assessment Relationships between children's sugar consumption at home and their food choices and consumption at school lunch Baglaf K, Muirhead V, and Pine C. Public Health Nutr 2020. PMID 31957630
From carbohydrates to fat: Trends in food intake among Swedish nutrition students from 2002 to 2017 Bergström M, et al. PLoS One 2020. PMID 31990946
Added Sugars Intake among US Infants and Toddlers  Herrick KA, et al. J Acad Nutr Diet 2020. PMID 31735600
Sugary Drink Consumption Among Children by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Status Koma JW, et al. Am J Prev Med 2020. PMID 31761517
Total Sugar Intake and Macro and Micronutrients in Children Aged 6-8 Years: The ANIVA Study  Morales-Suarez-Varela M, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 32013081
Social Networks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption in a Pediatric Urban Academic Practice Duh-Leong C and Braganza S. Behav Med 2020. PMID 30481137
Frequently Consumed Foods and Energy Contributions among Food Secure and Insecure US Children and Adolescents  Eicher-Miller HA, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31979303
Determinants of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Indian Adutls: Findings from the National Family Health Survey-4 Mathur MR, et al. Indian J Community Med 2020. PMID 32029986
Eating Behaviour  Can Parenting Practices Moderate the Relationship between Reward Sensitivity and Adolescents' Consumption of Snacks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages?  Van Lippevelde W, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31936404
Influence of Nutritional Education on the Diet and Nutritional Behaviors of Elderly Women at the University of the Third Age Michalczyk MM, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020. PMID 31973121
Do perceived norms of social media users' eating habits and preferences predict our own food consumption and BMI?  Hawkins LK, Farrow C, and Thomas JM. Appettite 2020. PMID 31958481
The neuroscience of sugars in taste, gut-reward, feeding circuits, and obesity Gutierrez R, Fonseca E, and Simon SA. Cell Mol Life Sci 2020. PMID 32006052
Effects of different sweeteners on behavior and neurotransmitters release in mice Xin KJ, et al. J Food Sci Technol 2020. PMID 31975714
Physical Activity  Effects of protein intake prior to carbohydrate-restricted endurance exercise: a randomized crossover trial  Larsen MS, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2020. PMID 31992300
Effects of carbohydrate supplementation on aerobic exercise performance during acute high altitude exposure and after 22 days of acclimatization and energy deficit Bradbury KE, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2020. PMID 31918720
Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behaviors Morgan EH, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020. PMID 31902132
Policy - Food Labelling  The impact of front-of-package claims, fruit images, and health warnings on consumers' perceptions of sugar-sweetened fruit drinks: Three randomized experiments Hall MG, et al. Prev Med 2020. PMID 31982477
Can point-of-sale nutrition information and health warnings encourage reduced preference for sugary drinks?: An experimental study  Scully M, et al. Appetite 2020. PMID 31981587
Socioeconomic position and the impact of increasing availability of lower energy meals vs menu energy labelling on food choice: two randomized controlled trials in a virtual fast-food restaurant Marty L, Jones A, and Robinson E. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2020. PMID 32005255
Policy - Taxation  Effects of a sugar-sweetened beverage tax on prices and affordability of soft drinks in Chile: A time series analysis Cuadrado C, et al. Soc Sci Med 2020. PMID 31862547
Distribution of sugar-sweetened beverage sales volume by sugar content in the United States: implications for tiered taxation and tax revenue  Powell LM, Andreyeva T, and Isgor Z. J Public Health Policy 2020. PMID 31969656
The impact of the Cook County, IL. Sweetenened Beverage Tax on beverage prices Powell LM, Leider J, and Léger PT. Econ Hum Biol 2020. PMID 32028211
Attitudes and Perceptions  Daily Adolescent Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake is Association with Select Asolescent, Not Parent, Attitudes About Limiting Sugary Drink and Junk Food Intake Imoisili OE, et al. Am J Health Promot 2020. PMID 31409090
"When we were young, it really was a treat; now sugar is just the norm every day" - A qualitative study of parents' and young adults' perceptions and consumption of sugar drinks  Miller C, et al. Health Promot J Austr 2020. PMID 31074907
Dental Health Association between soft drink consumption, gastric reflux, dental erosion, and obesity among special care children Basha S, et al. Spec Care Dentist 2020. PMID 31820473
A time-based objective evaluation of the erosive effects of various beverages on enamel and cemuntum of deciduous and permanent teeth Rajeev G, Lewis AJ, and NS. J Clin Exp Dent 2020. PMID 31976037
In vitro evaluation of the cariogenic potential of rebaudioside A compared to sucrose and xylitol  Ganter J, et al. Clin Oral Investig 2020. PMID 31030274
Pregnancy and Lactation  Glycemic load, dietary fiber, and added sugar and fecundability in 2 preconception cohorts Willis SK, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2020. PMID 31901163
Effects of timing of food intake on eating patterns, diet quality and weight gain during pregnancy Gontijo CA, et al. Br J Nutr 2020. PMID 31902384
Fructose consumption during pregnancy and lactation causes DNA damage and biochemical changes in female mice  Magenis ML, et al. Mutagenesis 2020. PMID 31967303
Bone Health  Dietary carbohydrate intake and risk of bone fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies  Mozaffari H, Daneshzad E, and Azadbakht L. Public Health 2020. PMID 31982636
A Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Impairs Markers of Bone Health in Response to Exercise Heikura IA, et al. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020. PMID 32038477
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease  Differentiated Hepatic Response to Fructose Intake during Adolescence Reveals the Increased Susceptibility to Non-Alcholic Fatty Liver Disease of Maternal High-Fat Diet Male Rat Offspring Oliveira LS, et al. Mol Nutr Food Res 2020. PMID 31916388
Gout Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and dietary fructose in relation to risk of gout and hyperuricemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis Ebrahimpour-Koujan S, et al. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2020. PMID 30277800
Stevia residue extract alone and combination with allopurinol attenuate hyperuricemia in fructose-PO-induced hyperuricemic mice Mehmood A, et al. J Food Biochem 2020. PMID 31680279
Mental Health Ketogenic diets and protective mechanisms in epilepsy, metabolic disorders, cancer, neuronal loss, and muscle and nerve degeneration  Li RJ, et al. J Food Biochem 2020. PMID 31943235
The depressogenic potential of added dietary sugars  Reis DJ, et al. Med Hypotheses 2020. PMID 31634771
Microbiome Antiobiotic Treatment Does Not Ameliorate the Metabolic Changes in Rats Presenting Dysbiosis After Consuming a HIgh Fructose Diet  Bier A, et al. Nutrients 2020. PMID 31941016
Cystic Fibrosis Effects of low glycemic index/high-fat, high-calorie diet on glycemic control and lipid profiles of children and adolescence with cystic fibrosis: A randomized double-blind controlled trial Gorji Z, et al. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020. PMID 31991298