Domestic and Export Shipments

The Canadian sugar industry produces and distributes approximately 1.3 million tonnes of refined sugar annually in four provinces. Refined sugar is produced from imported raw cane sugar and Canadian sugar beets. While Canadian companies have actively pursued export markets, export sales have been restricted by foreign trade barriers.

Canadian Sugar Shipments 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Domestic 1,153,857 1,132,217 1,159,908 1,187,756 1,225,753
Exports 25,701 35,984 39,787 46,046 57,547
Total Shipments (Tonnes) 1,179,558 1,168,201 1,199,695 1,233,802 1,283,300
% Change   -0.96% 2.70% 2.84% 4.01%

Source: Statistics Canada and KPMG

Retail and Industrial Shipments

Refined sugar is produced for both industrial (food manufacturers and food service outlets) and retail customers (packaged sugar for direct consumer use). More than 85% of sugar production is industrial.

Canadian Sugar Shipments: Retail and Industrial Share of Domestic Shipments
Industrial Retail  
1998 0.8104 0.1896
1999 0.8322 0.1678
2000 0.8426 0.1574
2001 0.8483 0.1517
2002 0.8536 0.1464
2003 0.8641 0.1359
2004 0.875 0.125
2005 0.876 0.124
2006 0.8778 0.1222
2007 0.8665 0.1335
2008 0.8793 0.1207
2009 0.8682 0.1318
2010 0.8711 0.1289
2011 0.8733 0.1267
2012 0.8621 0.1379
2013 0.8672 0.1328
2014 0.8662 0.1338
2015 0.8587 0.1413
2016 0.8662 0.1338
2017 0.8650 0.135
2018 0.87 0.13

*Source: KPMG 

Product Types

Granulated sugar is the most common form of sugar sold in Canada to both retail and industrial customers. Liquid sugar and liquid invert sugar are also used principally in the beverage and confectionery sectors. Specialty sugars such as brown or yellow sugar and icing sugar are also produced to meet varying consumer and industrial needs.

Canadian Sugar Shipments by Product Class (2018)

White Granulated 922,426
Liquid 270,402
Yellow/Brown 52,396
Icing 38,077

Source: KPMG